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  • Hello and welcome back to Easy English with James! Today we're going to have a

  • look at the letter 'e'. This is a special letter because it's the most common

  • letter in all of English and there are more ways to pronounce the letter e than

  • there are ways to pronounce any other letter in English, so if you want to know

  • exactly how to pronounce this letter and you want to master your pronunciation

  • stick with me as we learn all about the letter E!

  • [Music]

  • okay so the letter e it's a vowel letter the vowels in english are a e i o and u

  • the letter e is the second vowel letter in english after the letter a if you

  • want to learn more about the letter a check out my video up here okay the

  • letter e is a vowel letter that is actually the most common letter in all

  • of english so it's super important maybe the most important letter for you to

  • learn actually in english 13 or 14 percent

  • between 13 and 14 of all english writing

  • is just the letter e that means if you read a book or a newspaper

  • 13 of the letters is just the letter e okay it's the

  • letter e is everywhere nearly every word in english contains a letter e okay it's

  • really really important so how many ways do you think there are to

  • pronounce this letter have a think and today we're going to go

  • through all of those different ways and i'll give you advice on your

  • pronunciation we'll talk about some vocabulary that you can use some really

  • long words some crazy words and hopefully by the end of this lesson

  • you'll know all of the different ways to pronounce this and we'll have a little

  • test at the end okay so let's start with number one

  • okay so number one nice and easy to start with

  • the letter e obviously can be pronounced

  • e this is how it is pronounced in the

  • alphabet a b c d e e

  • we make this sound watch closely e

  • e your lips widen a little bit and your tongue sort of hovers

  • e e

  • e sometimes people call this the long e but don't always use that because it

  • doesn't have to be very very long it can be e e e okay but the important thing is

  • that your mouth gets wide e e

  • e we find this in really common words it's

  • very important because it's found in super common words like he

  • or she or we

  • or me

  • and also the verb to be

  • okay practice with me he she

  • we me

  • and to be

  • to be okay if you want to practice that better

  • or faster try going through all of them he she we me

  • he she we me he she we me okay and you'll get that

  • sound really really natural really really natural okay we can also

  • pronounce the letter e as e in words where it is a stressed syllable

  • so take a look at the word female

  • female okay female the stressed syllable is the first part

  • of that word fee and you can see the letter e there

  • that's the stressed part e so often in many words in english when

  • the e is the stressed part we pronounce it e

  • take a look at evening

  • evening evening

  • okay and female and even secret

  • secret okay female

  • secret evening

  • in those words one syllable is stressed the syllable with the letter e at the

  • beginning is stressed so we pronounce it e be careful because there are many

  • exceptions to this rule but in many words when the e is stressed we

  • pronounce it e okay you'll also find this

  • pronunciation of the letter e in words like chinese or vietnamese or japanese

  • okay e-s-e any word with e-s-e that e-s-e is

  • pronounced ease ease okay this is because of something

  • called magic e

  • don't worry magic e we're going to look at at the end of today's lesson but for

  • now look at words like theme and you can also see they have e then a

  • consonant and then another e that final e is called magic e okay and that's one

  • of the reasons why we pronounce these e japanese

  • chinese okay vietnamese

  • and theme and scene

  • okay practice those words we also pronounce the letter e as e in

  • greek words that means words in english that come from the ancient greek

  • language okay words like hercules you know the really famous

  • strong man hercules hercules okay but also plurals of greek words so the

  • single word oasis if you change that to the plural which

  • means many of you just add es oases same with crisis becomes crises and

  • thesis becomes theses okay that es on the end of words here is always

  • pronounced ease ease because they're taken from greek

  • okay so practice hercules

  • hercules and

  • feces and

  • crises and oases also we often pronounce the letter e as

  • e in words where it appears next to an a so the letters e a together if you look

  • at words like jeans

  • genes or meat meet

  • meet or even teacher

  • teacher teacher teach okay and

  • reach that ea here together is pronounced as

  • the e e okay so practice with me

  • teacher teach

  • jeans a nice pair of jeans and

  • meat meat

  • okay this is the same when we have two letter

  • e's together e e in words like free everybody loves free stuff right free

  • and agree agree

  • and the animal b okay the buzzing b

  • b agree and

  • free so when you see words with two e's together it's normally pronounced long e

  • sound e agree

  • be and free sometimes when you see the letters e and

  • i together e and then i in words like protein protein

  • sealing sealing and

  • receipt receipt okay when you go to buy

  • something you will get a receipt the e before the i is sometimes not always be

  • careful because there are many exceptions sometimes e before i is also

  • pronounced e in english e the best way to learn this is to listen to each new

  • word okay ask a native speaker or look up on an online dictionary for the sound

  • of each word when you learn it so you know is this e i pronounced e or not

  • okay so protein ceiling

  • and receipt

  • receipt okay also we can turn it around instead

  • of the e before the i we can put the i before the e

  • and that combination of letters is also pronounced

  • e in words like peace

  • peace and

  • briefcase briefcase when you go to work you carry

  • a briefcase also in the word believe believe you'll see the final syllable

  • there leave is iev so ieve believe believe okay so

  • e before i can be pronounced sometimes e and also i before e can sometimes be

  • pronounced e2 okay believe peace and briefcase

  • finally there are some special words in english where e is at the end of the

  • word and it's pronounced e usually they're words that are borrowed from

  • other languages especially japanese so words like karate

  • karate or karaoke karaoke both of those end in e

  • but they're borrowed from another language so we put the e at the end as a

  • e e sound okay practice again karaoke

  • karaoke and karate karate

  • okay so let's try some practice sentences with this

  • pronunciation of the letter e she is free to believe there is a bee

  • on the ceiling she is free to believe there is a bee on

  • the ceiling practice with me she is free to believe there is a bee on

  • the ceiling your turn

  • okay she is free to believe there is a bee on the ceiling you'll see all of the

  • different spellings in that sentence and hopefully the more you practice that

  • sentence you'll be able to get a good feel for when we pronounce the letter e

  • as e okay you can also try this sentence we see chinese genes on the beach

  • we see chinese jeans on the beach okay practice with me we see chinese jeans on

  • the beach your turn

  • okay well done let's have a look at the next way that we can pronounce this

  • letter okay the next way that we can pronounce

  • the letter e in english is as an e e

  • watch closely my jaw goes down e e

  • you'll know this from words like egg okay

  • this one is really simple to remember the letter e is pronounced er very often

  • in words that end in the letter e and then a consonant so look at the word get

  • you've got the letter e and then a consonant

  • the word met or bet or set or even longer words like hotel

  • hotel they all have the letter e followed by a consonant at the end of a

  • word okay there are exceptions to this rule too of course in english but

  • a good rule to remember is that if you see the letter e followed by a consonant

  • and it's at the end of a word especially short words like bet met set and let

  • it's usually pronounced

  • practice with me hotel hotel

  • get get

  • set set

  • and met

  • met okay well done

  • you'll also see the letter e pronounced air in words where you see the letter e

  • followed by a consonant and then another vowel so look at the word exit

  • exit you've got the letter e then you've got a consonant x and then you've got

  • another vowel i okay exit look at the word never

  • or ever

  • or level okay all of these words have the

  • letter e followed by a consonant followed by another vowel sometimes it's

  • another e like in never or ever or level okay

  • when you see that often in english it's pronounced e e

  • never level okay ever well done

  • also you'll find this in words where the letter e is followed by th okay things

  • like weather as in whether it rains or not

  • okay and together together they both have the letter e

  • followed by t h together whether okay often in words

  • like that the letter e is pronounced e other exceptions where we also pronounce

  • the letter e as a are words like else else and

  • center okay both of these have that e pronunciation

  • also the letter e can be pronounced e in words with e a again remember before e a

  • was pronounced e well in english ea can also be pronounced e okay so e a

  • in words like dead

  • dead or bread

  • or breakfast okay in dead you can see the letter e

  • followed by the letter a again e a but this time it's not pronounced e this

  • time it's pronounced er there's a really good example of this with the word read

  • read in the present tense is i read a book but in the past it's

  • i read a book but the spelling is exactly the same i know english can be a

  • little bit crazy sometimes but i read in the present and i read in the past so ea

  • can be pronounced e or air

  • and in many many cases ea is pronounced e

  • try these words weather

  • weather head

  • head dead

  • and breakfast

  • breakfast practice with me weather weather

  • head head

  • dead dead

  • and breakfast

  • breakfast all have that e pronunciation try these practice sentences with the

  • letter e as a every hotel breakfast i have in bed

  • every hotel breakfast i have in bed okay lots of words with air with the letter e

  • pronounced air one more time every hotel breakfast i have in bed

  • okay let's look at the next one number two is get to the exit or else you'll be

  • dead get to the exit or else you'll be dead

  • okay get to the exit or else you'll be dead

  • number three is the bread gets wet in bad weather

  • the bread gets wet in bad weather try and say this one as fast as you can the

  • bread gets wet in bad weather the bread gets wet in bad weather and you'll get a

  • really good feel for that e e sound okay practice with me the

  • bread gets wet in bad weather okay the next way number three the third way that

  • we can pronounce the letter e in english is

  • uh

  • er okay it's a really relaxed sound we start with our mouth in the same

  • position that you make the schwa sound in english

  • but this time we make it a little bit longer make sure you're vibrating your

  • vocal chords uh uh imagine it's trying to continually push

  • that sound out of your mouth not uh but uh

  • okay

  • uh okay we pronounce the letter e as uh in

  • really common words like her

  • and were

  • and person okay you'll notice that e and r

  • together e and are in her or were or person or even

  • verb the e and the r together usually means that that is pronounced

  • so if you see a word with e-r like refer refer you see the e-r and you know it's

  • pronounced uh practice with me person

  • person verb

  • her and

  • were well done also in words where you see

  • the letters e a and r together you'll love this e a can be pronounced in so

  • many ways in english this time e a and r together is pronounced

  • uh so in words like

  • earth we all live on planet earth earth e-a-r here is pronounced

  • er er

  • so if e-a-r is pronounced uh then words like

  • learn learn

  • and early

  • early okay uh lee early also words like search

  • search okay e-a-r is often pronounced uh

  • practice with me earth

  • earth make sure you get that th sound at the end of the word earth

  • earth then search

  • search search

  • and then learn

  • learn and

  • early early

  • there are also some loan words from french that have really weird spellings

  • in english so words that are a little bit longer that you see ending in e

  • u r they're not common words in english

  • they're very rare but these are words that english has borrowed from french

  • words like saboteur