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  • Welcome to English grammar spot, this lesson is about the difference between

  • the past simple and the present perfect.

  • I am going to show you when to use a past simple and when to use a present perfect

  • and more important how to keep them apart.

  • Take a look at these sentences:

  • I broke my leg on holiday last year.

  • I have broken my leg.

  • The first sentence is in the past simple tense, the second sentence is in the

  • present perfect tense

  • First we are going to take a look at how to form a past simple

  • and how to form a present perfect.

  • For the regular verbs we take the infinitive form of the verb and add '-ed' for the past simple.

  • For example

  • I kicked the ball.

  • For the irregular verbs:

  • we use the unique past simple form.

  • For instance She bought a bike.

  • For the present perfect we use the auxiliary verb 'to have' and the past participle.

  • For the regular verbs we make a past participle by adding '-ed' to the verb.

  • For example I have kicked the ball.

  • For the irregular verbs the present perfect also uses the past participle

  • but this past participle has a unique past perfect form.

  • She has bought a bike.

  • Now let's have a look at when we use a past simple.

  • We use a past simple when something happened at a specific time

  • in the past.

  • I broke my leg last week.

  • So it's important that I tell you that it was last week.

  • For the present perfect time is not important

  • I have broken my leg. It's not important when it happened.

  • We also use a present perfect for things that started in the past but have

  • continued in the present.

  • For example: I have lived here since 2012.

  • In the past simple that would be: I lived there in 2012.

  • Meaning I no longer live there.

  • I thank you for your attention. For regular updates please subscribe to

  • youtube.com/englishgrammarspot or go to

  • www.englishgrammarspot.com

Welcome to English grammar spot, this lesson is about the difference between

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A2 UK present perfect present perfect simple participle leg

Past Simple and Present Perfect - English grammar tutorial video lesson

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    Cai Xin Liu posted on 2016/08/20
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