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  • Hello, everyone.

  • Welcome back to Shaw English.

  • My name is Mike.

  • And today, I'm going to continue teaching you about the active and passive voice and

  • when and how to use it.

  • Now, I know this can be quite challenging,

  • but I know you're also doing your best and you're doing a good job.

  • Make sure you stay until the end of the video because you will have homework and a quiz.

  • Are you ready to get started?

  • All right, let's do it.

  • One of the main reasons why we use passive voice is because we want to emphasize

  • the receiver instead of the doer.

  • For example, “Leonardo Da Vinci painted the Mona Lisa.”

  • In this sentence, which is an active voice,

  • Leonardo is our focus, the painter.

  • The Mona Lisa, the painting, is the receiver.

  • We want to switch them to where now the receiver is in the beginning sentence and the doer is at the end.

  • So now our sentence is, “The Mona Lisa was painted by Leonardo DaVinci.”

  • Our focus is now on the receiver, the Mona Lisa, rather than the painter, Leonardo DaVinci.

  • Another reason that we change the sentence to the passive voice, is because we do not

  • know the doer of the action.

  • For example, “Somebody stole my cell phone.”

  • I do not know who.

  • So instead, I can express this in the passive voice.

  • My cell phone was stolen.”

  • And again, since we don't really know who did it,

  • we want to focus more on the phone instead.

  • My phone was stolen.”

  • Another reason to use the passive voice could be the doer is just not that important.

  • For example, “The company was founded in 1955.”

  • We may or may not know who founded the company, but is not important.

  • What is important is that the company was founded in 1955.

  • Also, “The house was built in 1955.”

  • We may or may not know who built the house.

  • But again, it's not important.

  • What is important is the house was built in 1955.

  • Another reason to use the passive voice is because

  • sometimes we don't want to blame or say someone is responsible for something.

  • For example, “Mistakes were made.”

  • Now, mistakes were made by someone,

  • but we don't want to blame that person.

  • We don't want to say it is their fault. So instead,

  • we just leave them off and say,

  • Mistakes were made.”

  • Another reason to use the passive voice is because

  • the doer is not a specific person.

  • For example, “English is spoken in many countries around the world.”

  • We could addby many people

  • but because it's a really an unspecified group of people,

  • we kind of just leave it off because it's not very necessary.

  • And the last reason why we use passive voice,

  • is for academic writing.

  • Whenever you're doing academic writing, such as essays or articles,

  • we want to make it as least personal as possible

  • and as professional as possible.

  • “I interviewed three people.”

  • Well you can see we have the pronoun 'I'.

  • Well we don't want to use that.

  • We want to switch the sentence over to the passive voice.

  • Three people were interviewed.”

  • I could sayby me

  • but again, we want to take out the 'I' and 'MEs' make it less personal as possible

  • and just haveThree people were interviewed.”

  • Let's move on.

  • Awesome job, everyone.

  • I know you did such a great job. And I know it was tough.

  • But you did it.

  • You now have a basic understanding of the how and when to use the passive voice.

  • But you're not done.

  • You have a little bit of homework to do.

  • The teacher graded the homework.”

  • I want you to take this sentence, change it into the passive voice, and put it in the comments.

  • Also you have a quiz.

  • In the description, you will find a link to the quiz.

  • If you really like this video, make sure you hit the like button, and also subscribe to see more lessons taught by me.

  • And until then, I'll see you all later.

  • Bye.

Hello, everyone.

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B1 passive voice passive voice mona lisa sentence receiver

How to Use the PASSIVE VOICE | English Homework + Quiz Learn English Grammar

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    Summer posted on 2022/03/25
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