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  • Welcome to the most sacred and important of all the Roman catacombs; the great catacombs

  • of San Callisto. If you are interested in Roman and religious history, then this is

  • a place you can't skip. The size of the catacombs is stunning. The

  • tunnel complex stretches out for almost 19 kilometers and is structured in five levels.

  • The deepest parts of the catacombs reach an impressive depth of roughly 20 meters.

  • The history of these catacombs dates back almost 2000 years. The original catacombs

  • are believed to have been a private Christian underground burial place. The reason for it

  • being underground was because Christians, prior to Emperor Constantine the 1st were

  • often persecuted for their religious beliefs. In fact, the government of Rome persecuted

  • all those who chose not to practice the religion of the state. During these times, the Christian

  • religion was not as dominating as it is today which forced the Christians to literally hide

  • underground. The underground cemetery was expanded during

  • the end of the 2nd century by a deacon of Rome. The catacombs were expanded to not just

  • include more tombs, but also chapels, meeting areas, dining rooms and even places to sleep.

  • The man responsible for the expansion later became a Pope under the name Callixtus the

  • 1st. As you probably guessed, the name of the catacombs -- San Callisto - derives from

  • this man. Sometimes they even go by the name of Catacombs of St. Callixtus.

  • After the expansion, the catacombs quickly became the official burial site for Rome's

  • Christians which was followed by additional expansions. Over the course of history, more

  • than 50 martyrs and 16 popes have been buried here, making it one of the most important

  • Christian cemeteries, if not the most important.

  • The catacombs were rediscovered by the Italian archeologist Giovanni Battista in 1854. When

  • he discovered the tunnels, he called them "the little Vatican - the central monument

  • of all Christian cemeteries". After you've visited the catacombs, I'm sure you can see

  • why he used grand words like these. Inside the underground complex, you can discover

  • the Crypt of the Popes and investigate the crypt of St. Cecilia - the patron of sacred

  • music. You can also find several ancient frescoes, sculptures and other wall paintings along

  • the impressive tunnels. The catacombs are truly an example of great underground architecture.

  • These catacombs are the most visited ones of all the ancient underground tunnels in

  • the region. Tens of thousands of people visit the site each year to experience the phenomenal

  • tunnels.

Welcome to the most sacred and important of all the Roman catacombs; the great catacombs

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◄ Catacombs of San Callisto, Rome [HD] ►

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    阿多賓 posted on 2014/01/17
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