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  • Hey everybody welcome back to Let's Talk this is me Meera. I hope everyone is doing good?

  • All right, great because today I have got two determiners for all of you. Yes you heard

  • me right, ‘allandwholeare determiners. What do they determine? Any guesses? They

  • determine a complete set of something, right? Something that is you know a whole part of

  • something or a whole something and of course I've used the same word but they determined

  • something that is a complete set of anything, right? And we need to know what's the difference

  • between both. They are actually so similar and the only way that you can differentiate

  • them is the situations that they're used in. Okay there are particular ways and situations

  • that you can use these two separately in. Are you ready to know what are the differences

  • and how knowing the simple things such as what is all and what is whole can make your

  • English better? Well come join me in this class and understand how we're going to separate

  • allandwhole’. Let's begin with the first example, the first thing like what

  • I’ve mentioned theyre determiner so you need to remember that. Now, ‘all the students

  • are present’, right? First and foremostthearticlethewill always come

  • afterall’. Soall + theright? And these determiners are used beforenouns

  • right? This is something we're going to remember. ‘All the students are present’, that means

  • when we talk aboutall’, we are actually talking about 100% of many things. Obviously

  • the reason why I'm saying many things is because students one, two, three, ten, twenty, fifty

  • all fifty students are present. 100% of many things and they're present. ‘All + article

  • and thennoun’. This is how you would remember the use ofall’. It is 100%

  • of many things. One student, many students. Now I'm going to make sure that I will compare

  • the same sentence right over here, ‘the whole class is present’. Do you see the

  • difference? First of all thenounover here, okay? But in this case the article has

  • come before the determiner soarticle + whole’. Whenever we use the wordwhole

  • the article will always come before that. Now when we speak aboutwhole’, it actually

  • means 100% of one thing. And in this case what is that one thing? That's ‘class’.

  • Now do you remember collective nouns? A class of students. Students are separate, right?

  • It's a separate identity but when we use it in a collective form, we use a ‘class’.

  • In this case we're usingclassover here and that is whyclassbecomes one

  • thing of many students and that is why I have used the determinerwhole’. It determines

  • the class and not the students, right? Okay now that is the basic difference over here.

  • Let's move on to this column again, ‘he is busy all the time’, okay? So maybe you

  • called him now he's busy, maybe for a while he's free again and then you called him, when

  • you called him again he was busy, right? So when I say, ‘all the timein this case

  • it actually means, he could be busy and then he could get free again okay he could get

  • busy again and he could get free again. The point is whenever you called him he was busy

  • and that's why you use the termall the time’. But guys in this case he's busy the

  • wholetime, like I said 100% of one thing thewholetime, even when you

  • call him he was busy and otherwise also unlike this. ‘He was busy the whole time’, every

  • hour of the day he was busy. Inallwhen I use the termallit could be

  • free, busy, free, busy you never know. But when I use the termwhole’, I mean the

  • whole time literally. Now having said that, let's move on to the next exampleall my

  • family lives in France’. The first thing that you must notice is that we havepossessive

  • adjectivesover here which ismy’. Now what are possessive adjectives we have

  • my’, ‘his’, ‘hers’, ‘itsright? These are possessive adjectives now

  • whenever we are using possessive adjectives with the wordallit will always come

  • after that. Soall + possessive adjectivesand then you have thenounover here,

  • right? This is something that you must remember. Inwholein the case ofwhole

  • possessive adjectivesmycomes before the determinerwhole’. ‘All my family

  • lives in Franceokay? It could be that there are few members who are not there, but

  • such as I, myselfif I'm talking I'm standing in another country and I'm talking about all

  • my family living in France that means I'm out of country and the rest of my family is

  • in France. But guys when we are talking aboutmy whole family lives in Francethat

  • means literally everyone I know of and that I don't know of, everybody lives in France.

  • That is what it means when we talk aboutwholein this case but what we need to remember

  • is that when we are talking aboutpossessive adjectives’, the placement of the determiner

  • inallthis case will be first and later the possessive adjectives when we talk about

  • wholepossessive adjectives will come first and then the wordwholeall right?

  • Moving on to the next example over here, ‘they gave her all the adviceokay? ‘They gave

  • her all the advicethis is the same as this there is no difference in terms of this.

  • But what's the difference over here is thatadviceis anuncountable noun

  • right? So whenever we talk about any uncountable noun for that matter we're talking about advice

  • over here you would always and always use the determinerall’, okay? ‘They gave

  • her the whole adviceis incorrect. That is not how you would useallorwhole

  • when we talk about uncountable nouns and that is something that you would remember, okay?

  • Now similarly there is something different over here, ‘I spent the whole summer on

  • the beachokay? So the whole summer holiday that I had, that I had took off I went on

  • the beach and I was every day, the whole time on the beach only. That means I'm talking

  • about a certain time period or a certain duration that's what I'm trying to tell someone. ‘Summer

  • is the time period or duration in general, okay? Whenever we speak about any duration

  • to anyone we will use the determinerwhole’, okay? ‘I spent all the summer on the beach

  • is incorrect, okay? ‘All the summeris incorrect in this case. And the whole is incorrect

  • in this case. This is something you would remember over here and this is something that

  • you would make sure to remember on this side. Now I am sure that if nothing the basics are

  • clear. The one thing that you would remember is that “100% of many things makes itall’”

  • okay? But “100% of one thing will make itwhole’” And other things such as the

  • article over here, uncountable noun over here, possessive adjectives in this case these are

  • something that things if you remember you will not be confused and you would not confuse

  • others when you're usingallorwhole’. I hope this has sorted out some of your confusion

  • and your trouble. Make sure that you practice with these sentences or with these examples

  • in your daily conversation, okay? For now that's all for today, I will be back very

  • soon with another topic and another lesson, until then like I always say keep smiling,

  • keep practicing this is me Meera signing off guys, bye.

Hey everybody welcome back to Let's Talk this is me Meera. I hope everyone is doing good?

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A2 possessive busy noun uncountable class france

All or Whole? Perfect your spoken English! Common mistakes in english speaking using determiners.

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    林宜悉 posted on 2020/03/09
Video vocabulary