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  • Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses.

  • They get their name from the corona of surface proteins,

  • used by the virus to penetrate the cells of its host.

  • Some, like the common cold, cause illness in people.

  • Others circulate among animals, such as cats or bats.

  • A novel coronavirus is one that hasn’t been detected before in humans.

  • This may be what has caused a new type of viral pneumonia

  • in the central Chinese city of Wuhan, population eleven million.

  • Early cases were linked to a seafood and meat market, which has since been shut.

  • China’s National Health Commission quickly put out an alert,

  • and have now confirmed it can be passed between humans.

  • Since then, the virus has spread to other Chinese cities,

  • infecting at least 220 people and killing four.

  • There have also been confirmed cases in Thailand, South Korea and Japan.

  • In Brisbane, a man is in isolation after returning from Wuhan with a fever and cough.

  • It’s not yet known if he is carrying the novel coronavirus.

  • There are no specific treatments for coronaviruses, but symptoms can be treated.”

  • Biosecurity staff will now meet passengers flying into Australia from Wuhan,

  • asking them if they are experiencing any symptoms.

  • Chinese health authorities have shared the full genome of the virus with researchers around the world,

  • in the hope of understanding more about it, as well as improving our ability to detect it.

  • The coronaviruses typically cause respiratory symptoms, so

  • we recommend basic hand hygiene, such as washing your hands with soap and water

  • and respiratory hygiene, such as when you sneeze, sneezing into your elbow.”

  • With Lunar New Year celebrations about to begin,

  • it’s feared more infections will happen as millions of people travel across China

  • and around the world.

  • The Australian Government says people visiting China

  • should consult the Smart Traveller website for the latest information.

Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses.

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