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  • Hey, guys. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking and welcome to this lesson on animal vocabulary.

  • Today, we're going to focus on cats and dogs. However, some of this vocabulary, lots of

  • this vocabulary actually, can also be applied to other animals. So I'm going to teach you some

  • nouns, there will be some pictures, and we're also going to look at some common verbs that

  • we associate with these animals. For all you pet lovers out there, you want to learn how

  • to talk about dogs and cats, their actions, and their features, this lesson is for you.

  • Those of you who don't have pets, this lesson is still useful because everybody has seen

  • a cat, everyone has seen a dog, I think. If you haven't, you're going to see lots of them

  • in this video.

  • First, let's look at the nouns. Here we have "tail", and we're going to focus on the pronunciation,

  • as well. This is "tail"; cats and dogs have tails. Basically, it's the back of the animal

  • that can move around, as you can see right here.

  • Next we have "fur". Fur is basically the hair on an animal. The hair on a dog, the hair

  • on a cat, or the hair on almost any animal is called fur, F-U-R, fur.

  • Next up, we have "paws". The pronunciation is the same like "pause" in a video game for

  • example. The word "paws" means the feet of a cat or a dog, so the bottoms of the feet

  • are the "paws" of the animal.

  • "Spots": we have many dogs which have "spots" on them. Think of the film "101 Dalmatians".

  • A Dalmatian has lots and lots of spots on them. They're little black areas on the animal.

  • "Whiskers" -- this is related to cats. It can also be related to tigers, for example.

  • Whiskers are the things that come from the cat's nose, these are "whiskers". "Whiskers"

  • -- I should say the hairs, strands, or something like that.

  • Next we have "stripes". Tigers have stripes; some cats have stripes, as well. They're lines

  • on the body, as you can see here.

  • Finally we have "claws". Claws are the nails of a cat, for example.

  • "Claws" -- a cat can have sharp claws. That can be a tongue-twister: "A cat can have sharp claws."

  • "Claws" are the nails of the cat.

  • Next, let's look at some verbs. These verbs are also associated with, again, cats and

  • dogs. We have "wag". Once more, "wag". When you think of a dog, and the dog's tail is

  • moving back and forth, and back and forth, because the dog is happy or the dog wants

  • to go for a walk, the dog's tail is wagging. You can also wag your finger at somebody,

  • probably not, and hopefully not the middle one. If you're a parent and you want to tell

  • your children not to do something, you can wag your finger.

  • "Beg"; this is a dog saying "Please, please, please, please, please feed me or take me

  • for a walk, take me outside." When the dog is "mm-mm" and jumping around and asking for

  • you to do something, they are begging you to do something. Or if they want food, maybe

  • they're just hungry.

  • "Fetch"; this is a very common game that most dog-owners play. My family has a dog, so sometimes,

  • I take my dog out for a walk and I throw a stick or I throw a ball and I say "Fetch! Fetch the ball."

  • "Fetch" means go get it and come back; go get it and come back. This is not only

  • for animals... it's not exactly super-polite, but you can say "Hey. When you're at the grocery

  • store, can you go fetch me a bag of milk?", for example. Not really, really common, but

  • you could say that.

  • "Roll over"; this is a command to a dog. If your dog is talented, if your dog can do tricks,

  • obviously they can sit, they can also "roll over" -- go from one side to another side.

  • It can be a command.

  • "Lick"; some people find it gross, but animals do lick your face, they can lick your face.

  • So "lick" means using your tongue to "lick" someone, there's really no other way to put it. As

  • you can see in this picture here, this person is really, really getting licked really badly.

  • "Pet"; you're thinking a dog is a "pet", a cat is a "pet". "Pet" is also a verb. If you

  • have a dog, if you have a cat, if you have any kind of "pet" where you can do this to

  • them; you can stroke their fur, you can "pet" them.

  • You can "pet your dog"; you can "pet your cat".

  • "Bark"; bark is the sound a dog makes. If your dog hears a stranger at the door and

  • they "rah-rah-rah-rah-rah", the dog is barking. Again, the verb is "bark".

  • Now let's look at some cat verbs. A cat will "purr". When you hear this word, you can automatically

  • imagine the word "purr", "purr"; the cat going "purrrrrrr", either because the cat is very

  • happy, sleepy, or tired, this is purring.

  • We have "meow"; obviously, you can hear the sound in your head; "Meow, meow, meow." "Meow",

  • you can use it as a verb. You can say, "Why is my cat meowing?" or "Why is your cat meowing?"

  • It would be weird for me to say "Why is my cat meowing?" "Why is your cat meowing? Is he hungry?"

  • "Hiss"; if your cat does not like you or does not like strangers, or your friends, or someone

  • that you introduce them to, or if they're scared, your cat might "hiss". If they go

  • "hssss", that's hissing. That probably looked very ugly, I'm sorry.

  • Last of all, this is something that cats do a lot. Dogs can do it too, humans do it too.

  • "Barf", "throw up", or "puke". This is if you eat something and it comes back out of

  • your mouth. Cats often cough up or barf up, "throw up" hairballs, for example, or just

  • a lot of really, really gross, disgusting, not-nice things. This means to... the correct

  • verb is regurgitate. You can look up regurgitate, but informally, we say "throw up", "puke",

  • or "barf". If you say "Oh no! My cat barfed on the sofa!"... not a good thing.

  • Okay, guys. If you want to test your understanding of all of these cat and dog nouns and verbs,

  • you can check out the quiz on . Take care, guys, and good luck.

  • Learn English for free

Hey, guys. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking and welcome to this lesson on animal vocabulary.

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A2 rah meow meowing cat meowing lick fetch

English Vocabulary - CATS & DOGS

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    Halu Hsieh posted on 2013/11/28
Video vocabulary