B1 Intermediate US 75 Folder Collection
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Ninh explains, the Rules of Kendo The object of the game is to score more points
than your opponent. Kendo, is a modern Japanese martial art, based
from traditional samurai swordsmanship and is contested worldwide. Kendo practitioners,
like Fencers are lightning-quick and attacks can happen within 1/10 of a second.
The contest starts by bowing to your opponent, and crouching at the start lines.
When the referee tells you to go, the contest begins.
To score points, you must strike your opponent with a bamboo sword, known as a shinai.
And you can only score by attacking one of 4 areas.
The men – which is the head of your opponent. The kote – the gloves or wrists.
The do – which is the torso. and tsuki – thrusting to the throat of your
opponent.
If you managed to strike any one of these four areas faster than your opponent, this
scores 1 ippon, which is effectively 1 point. Kendo is contested in just one period of 10
minutes, and is the best of three ippon. Scoring two ippon, wins the match outright.
Or being 1-0 up after 10 minutes, wins the contest.
Wow, it's THAT simple? As you can probably tell, this is the part
where it gets more complicated. For an ippon to be scored, there are certain
conditions that have to be met. This can be summarised in the phrase, Ki Ken
Tai – which means Spirit, Sword & Body. You must show Ki (or fighting spirit) by shouting
when you attack. This is a verbal indicator known as a kiai,
and is required for an ippon to be scored. Ken, which is the sword element, also has
requirements. If you look carefully, the shinai has a string
which indicates the back of the sword. This string must be on the top, when an attack
is landed. This indicates that you have cut your opponent
with the blade the correct way up. You must also strike with the correct part
of the sword, which is an area 25cm from the tip of the shinai.
You cannot attack too deep or too shallow. The Tai, or body must also be in the right
position. You must maintain a straight body posture
and both hands on the sword when attacking. Being off balance, doesn't count.
The fourth and final element is Zanshin - which is physical and mental alertness.
You have be constantly alert & concentrating during the whole 10 minutes, and must be mentally
and physically ready to attack again. Any break in concentration may not score,
or in some cases, may be penalised. Take for example this guy. He scores an ippon
and then for a split second, was seen making a fist pump. This indicates a lack of Zanshin,
and was also seen as rude or disrespecting the opponent.
The referee saw this and cancelled his ippon. Even with these elements, we have to acknowledge
that referees exist. Kendo fighters are tagged on their backs with
either red or white, and three referees hold corresponding flags in their hands.
If a judge thinks that an ippon is scored, he will raise that fighters coloured flag,
and at least two judges have to agree before an ippon is awarded.
Now that you understand how an ippon is scored, there's a few other things you'll need
to know before contesting in or watching Kendo. For example.
Tie Should the scores be 0-0 or 1-1 after ten
minutes, one of three things will happen. In tournaments, the contest will carry on
until an ippon is scored. Whoever scores first, wins.
The contest could be declared as a draw. Or the three judges will decide who was the
superior fighter, and they will be declared the winner.
Format Most contests are individual contests, where
one person fights against another person. This is usually fought in a tournament format,
whereby the winner moves onto the next round and the loser is eliminated. The last person
standing, wins the tournament. If you have found this video at all helpful,
be sure to like share and subscribe. It takes me ages to make one of these things
and good karma is very much appreciated. Be sure to follow me on Twitter also and share
this video on Reddit, but in the meantime – enjoy Kendo.
Ninh Ly - www.ninh.co.uk - @NinhLyUK
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The Rules of Kendo - EXPLAINED!

75 Folder Collection
Mayu Okuuchi published on January 2, 2020
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