B2 High-Intermediate US 28 Folder Collection
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Hi this is Tutor Nick P and this is Lesson 380. The title of today's lesson
is the difference between exile, banish, and deport. Okay.
Let's take a look at the note here. Now this is one which sometimes students
will ask you know, what's the difference between these three because they are
similar in meaning. So let's look at the note. If someone has been exiled or he's
living in exile, he or she has been forced to live in a foreign country
because they cannot live in their own. Okay. Let's continue. Exile can be a
little tricky because, because there are two types. There's two types of Exile.
The first one is someone could be exiled by force as a punishment and the second
one could be a voluntary one. So if it's a voluntary one they probably know that
if they went back, something bad may happen to them. Maybe they may get
charged with a crime. Maybe they may be in prison. Maybe their life is in danger.
Whatever it is, they know that they can't go back. So the second one is a voluntary
one. Nobody forced them out. Nobody pushed them out. The first one
somebody did force them out. Well , let's continue.
Someone can only be exiled from one's own country. All right. So when you're
comparing the three, exile is the only one that you get exiled out from your own
country. Your native country you get exiled from. Okay. Let's continue. Here's a
couple of examples to explain it better. Now Napoleon was exiled to the Isle
island of Elba after abdicating. When you abdicate it means to gave up your throne.
Abdicating his throne and agreeing to the Treaty of Fontainbeau.
Fontainbeau. Okay. Now this is an example where you are forced and usually when
you're exiled and you're forced sometimes you're forced to stay in one
place. Like he was supposed to just stay on that island. That island of Elba and,
and this is another one we're going to talk about that later. Both exile and banish
you know, in former times when they did it sometimes they did it rather than
like a death penalty. So Napoleon was still pretty popular actually was
popular enough that he escaped from his exile and took back over France again.
And then got exiled for a second time. But the second time was his last time.
And he ended up dying in exile the second time. But that was one where both
times he was forced. That was a forced exile. All right. Let's continue. The Dalai Lama
voluntarily exiled himself from Tibet over sixty years ago. Yeah. I think he got
word that the Chinese government was going to take him into custody or arrest
him. I think he feared for his life and he ran away before that happened. And he
never actually returned to China or Tibet again. Okay. So, so he actually exiled himself. So
he lives in exile now. He can go to other places though he can go all around.
See when you do it on your own , and you do it voluntarily you know, as long as
you have some sort of a passport or someplace you could go to other
countries. You don't have to stay in the one place if you did it voluntarily.
Maybe somebody like Edward Snowden you could say is living in exile in Russia.
Although he's he's a little different because his, his US passport was
cancelled. So unless, unless Russia gave him another passport. He's not really
supposed to leave Russia. Okay. Good. All right. Let's continue here. All right.
Now the next one, we are up to banish now. So if someone is banished, he or she is
officially ordered. Usually by decree to leave a country. So this one is not voluntary.
This one's never voluntary. Usually the government made a decision and told to
get out. I think banished ... I hear it often here like in fairy tales or
stories years ago. When there was a king or an emperor ... again it might be somebody
who they didn't really want to kill. There's just but they did something that
you know it probably would have made them look bad , if they didn't tell them,
okay just leave. Never come back. And you know, we won't kill you. That's kind
of the idea. So yeah. So it could, it could be his native country or another country.
Yeah. So you could be banished, in the past you could have been banished from the
country that was your country or it could have been another country that you
were just living in. That you may not have been a citizen of either. Where
exile you can only be exiled from your own country.
Banish could be either your country or another country that you were staying in
for a long time. Okay. Good. In former times, if one tried to return from being
banished from punishment, the punishment was usually death. So they did
banish you but they usually said you believed you could never come back if
you come back then the real punishment will come to you and that would usually
be death. Okay. Just like I said here. Often both exile and banishing ... Something or
someone was an alternative to the death penalty. So you know, they could have just
killed you too. So they were kind of nice enough to just let you go. All right. And
we have one example here. You know, the king banished him from his kingdom. So
you told him to get out never come back again. All right. And now the third one of
course here. If we say. If someone is deported he or she is sent out of a
country in which they were taken into custody and which was not their native
country. Yes. So you can't be deported from your own country or the one that
you are like a citizen of. Someone is .... someone who was deported is usually ...
is usually deported because maybe they're an illegal alien. Okay. Yes. This
could be because he is an illegal resident without a visa. Okay.
Or maybe they actually came with a real visa but they overstayed it for a long
time. So they're still illegal and they got caught they could be deported for
that reason. Or one has broken a law. So you could be there on a visa but you
broke a law while you're there and it was serious
enough that they want to deport you. Probably not too serious though. If it's
really serious like murder or something, they they will probably charge you and
put you in jail. But if it's something like less serious. Like of course you
know, overstaying your visa or maybe working illegally you know, they don't
really want to put you in jail for that. Or some some other minor thing.
It's maybe... they figure it's not worth their time to incarcerate you. To put you
into jail. Just send you back to your own country. So you're just not their problem
anymore. Okay. So good. Again like I said
usually not a felony. Felony is a different story. A misdemeanor they may
just deport you. Felony, no you might go to their jail. It is usually preferred to
deport someone for, for you know, for a crime that's not really a felony. Yeah. Okay.
Good and all right and we just got a couple examples here. He was deported for
being an illegal alien. Yes. If they found someone and they were really not a
citizen or like I said... If they overstayed a visa for a long time where
they didn't seem to have any intention to leave they could be deported for that
reason alone. Or that foreigner was deported when she got caught in a
prostitute ring. So maybe she got arrested and then they realized she
wasn't a citizen and then they deported her too so it could be for a crime like
that. Maybe they don't really want to jail you for a long time for that. Just
again send you back. You're a problem. Just get rid of the problem by sending
you back to your own native country. Okay. Anyway, I hope you got it. I hope it is clear. I
hope it was informative. Thank you for your time. Bye-bye.
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English Tutor Nick P Lesson (380) The Difference Between Exile Deport and Banish

28 Folder Collection
anitawu12 published on December 9, 2019
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