Subtitles section Play video Print subtitles Hi, I'm Lori. Welcome to Oxford Online English! In this lesson, you can learn how to talk about transport and driving in English. What's the best way to get around your hometown? Do you drive often? What public transport do you use regularly? In this lesson, you'll see how to answer these questions—and many others—in clear, correct English. Before we start, have you visited our website? If not, check it out: Oxford Online English dot com. There are many free lessons to help you learn English, and you can also book classes with one of our many professional teachers. Our teachers can help you with your spoken English, English writing, or to prepare for exams such as IELTS, FCE or CAE. But now, let's see how you can talk about getting around your city. How do you usually get around? I mostly use public transport, so I'll take the metro, or sometimes buses. I have a car but I don't use it much in the city. What about you? I don't have a car, so I either cycle or walk most places. Sometimes I take the metro or a taxi if I'm going further, or if I'm out in the evening. You cycle? Here? That's brave! There's so much traffic. It's not that bad. Once you know the best routes, you can get anywhere in the city centre quite fast. Often, it's faster than driving, because you can take small streets and you don't get stuck in traffic jams. I guess… I still wouldn't do it, though. The metro works well for me. I can always get where I need, and I know how long it's going to take. Yeah, the metro is good, but I hate taking it during rush hour. It's so crowded. Do you cycle to work every day, then? Most days. My office is actually very close, so I can walk in about 20 minutes. I walk in once or twice a week, and cycle on the other days. Wow! That's lucky. It takes me at least 40 minutes to get to work. By metro? Yeah. I have to change lines, which adds a lot of time. Do you remember the question you heard at the beginning of the dialogue? Do you know what this means? This question is asking about how you usually travel around the place where you live. How could you answer? In the dialogue, you heard these phrases: 'I mostly use public transport.' 'I either cycle or walk most places.' 'Sometimes I take the metro or a taxi.' You could change these sentences to talk about your own situation. For example: 'I mostly use the subway.' 'I drive most places.' 'Sometimes I use trams.' With public transport, you can use the verbs 'use' or 'take', as in 'use the metro,' 'use buses', or 'take the metro,' 'take buses.' The meaning is the same. If you're talking about getting around by car, bicycle, or on foot, then you can use the specific verbs: 'drive', 'cycle' and 'walk'. For example: 'I don't drive often.' 'I used to cycle, but I don't have a bike any more.' 'I walk if I'm going somewhere in my neighbourhood.' Next, let's see how you can talk about public transport where you live. So, what's the best way to get to your place? Are you driving, or taking the metro? I'll come by metro, so I don't have to worry about parking. You live on the green line, right? Yeah. So, you can take the green line to Victoria in the centre. From there, you can either change to the blue line for two stops, or you can get a bus. Which is better? I'd take the bus. It leaves you closer to my house. Take bus number 27 and get off at October Square. It's easy to find; it's the first stop after you cross the river. Where does it leave from? The bus stop is right outside the metro station. You can't miss it! How often do the buses go? They're very regular. I don't know exactly, but I never wait more than 10 minutes, and normally much less. OK, I'll do that then. What time do the buses run until? I'm just thinking about getting back. The buses run until midnight, so you should be fine. The green line stops at one, right? It's a Friday, so it'll run until two o'clock. I don't think it'll be a problem. Great, so, see you tomorrow! Here's a question for you: what public transport do you have in your hometown? What do you use to get around? Most cities have buses. Big cities might have a metro or subway. There are different words for this, because many cities have their own name. In New York and Tokyo, it's the subway; in Moscow and Paris, it's the metro; in London, it's the Tube or the Underground; in Berlin, it's the U-Bahn, and so on. All these words have the same meaning. If you aren't sure which to use, say 'metro' or 'subway'. Some cities have other kinds of public transport, like trams, light rail, or shared taxis. In many cities, you refer to metro lines by their colour. So, you might say: 'I live on the green line.' 'Change to the blue line at Victoria.' Buses have numbers, so you can say things like: 'Take bus number 27 and get off at October Square.' 'You can catch the number two bus from just outside the metro station.' If it's clear what you're talking about, you might just use the number, and not say the word 'bus' at all. For example: 'Take the number three for five stops.' In the dialogue, you heard these questions about public transport: 'Where does it leave from?' 'How often do the buses go?' 'What time do the buses run until?' Of course, you can use these questions for other forms of transport, as in: 'How often do the trains go?' or: 'What time does the subway run until?' Do you remember how to answer these questions? What could you say? You might say: 'It leaves from opposite the shopping centre.' 'There are trains every five minutes or so.' 'The metro stops at midnight.' Now, it's your turn! Here's a task for you. Imagine that someone is coming to visit you. Pick a place in your hometown, for example the airport, train station or bus station. Could you give clear directions in English so that your friend can get to your home using public transport? Think about it. Pause the video, and try saying your directions out loud. If you want to get really good, practise several times, until you can say everything fluently, without hesitation. What's next? Let's see how you can talk about driving and car journeys in English. Good to see you! How was the drive? It wasn't too bad. We got stuck in traffic near Birmingham, so it was slow for a while, but everything else was smooth. It's always bad around there. How long did it take? It was a bit over four hours. That's about average. Your car looks very futuristic. Is it electric or something? No, it's a hybrid. Huh… What's it like to drive? It's nice! It uses the battery at low speeds, so it's really quiet to drive in the city. It's also extremely efficient, which is good for longer trips. I'm thinking of getting a new car soon. I'm still driving my old Subaru, but it was second-hand when I bought it, and it's got over 200,000 kilometres on the clock, so it's starting to show its age. It's broken down three times this year already. What are you thinking of getting? I'm not sure. Part of me wants to get a bigger car, like an SUV or something, but then I know it'll be a nightmare to find parking, or driving around the small streets in the centre. Yeah, plus those things go through fuel. They're expensive to run. Anyway, I'll give it some thought. Do you drive? What kind of car do you have? In the dialogue, you heard these sentences. But, there's a word missing in each sentence. Can you remember the missing words? Here are the answers. Do you know what these phrases mean? If you get stuck in traffic, you get in a traffic jam. 'Second-hand' means the same as 'used'. If you're buying a car, you can buy a new car, or you can buy a second-hand car, which has already been used. Second-hand cars are generally much cheaper than new cars. If a car is efficient, it doesn't use so much petrol, so it's cheaper to run. Smaller cars and hybrids are generally more efficient, while bigger cars, like SUVs, use more petrol, so they're less efficient. If your car breaks down, it stops working. Maybe there's a problem with the engine, and you can't drive it. Also, in the dialogue, you heard these questions. We're going to show you four answers. You have a job; match the question to the answer. There's one extra answer, which you don't need. Take a look! Pause the video if you want more time to think about your answers! Ready? Here are the answers. Let's look at one or two useful words here. 'Smooth' means 'without problems'. If you say 'the journey was smooth', you mean that everything happened as you expected, and you didn't have any problems. If a car goes through fuel, it uses a lot of gas, so it's inefficient and probably expensive to run. A 'hybrid' is a car which uses electrical power at low speeds, and a gasoline engine—like a regular car—at higher speeds. Hybrids are quieter and can be more environmentally-friendly. What about you? If you drive, can you make two to three sentences talking about your car, what kind of car it is, and what you like or don't like about it. If you don't drive, make two to three sentences about what car you'd like to have. Use the language from the dialogue and this section. Remember: you can always go back and review a section if you need to! Pause the video, and make your answer now. How was that? Could you make a fluent answer? If so, great! Let's look at one more point. Are you doing anything? We need to book flights for our trip. Yeah… about that… I had a look the other day. They're really expensive. Actually, I was looking, too. Direct flights are expensive, but I found a couple of cheaper options. The first choice is that we fly through Madrid. We can also go through Oslo, which is much cheaper, but there's a seven-hour layover. Seven hours? What time would we get there? About four in the morning the following day. Eurgh… What about the Madrid one? Which airline is it? We'd fly Greenjet into Madrid, and then Prince Air for the second leg. Greenjet? No way! I flew with them last year. They charge you for everything, and the seats are tiny. Besides, we need to take at least one checked bag, right? I guess. They charge 55 Euro if your bag is over 10kg. Plus, they don't serve food or drinks, or even water. You have to buy it. Really? That's ridiculous! Shall we take the Oslo route, then? I suppose. Why don't we have one last look, to see if we can find anything better? Sure. When was the last time you flew somewhere? Where did you go? In the dialogue, you heard these words and phrases to talk about air travel. Could you explain what they mean? A direct flight means you take one flight to your destination. You don't stop or change planes in another city. If you don't fly direct, and you change planes, you might have to wait in the airport. This waiting time is called a layover. A 'checked bag' is a bag or suitcase that you check in, so that it flies in the hold of the plane. The opposite is hand baggage, meaning bags which you carry with you. In the dialogue, we talked about some of the disadvantages of flying with a specific airline. Do you remember what you heard? You heard: 'They charge you for everything.' 'The seats are tiny.'