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  • My name is Glenn,

  • I'm 25,

  • and I don't know my real last name.

  • It's not uncommon in America.

  • Most black people in this country are walking around

  • with a slave owner's last name.

  • Black history has been systemically erased and altered for centuries.

  • As I give this talk,

  • there are more than 700 Confederate monuments standing nationwide.

  • These were erected to honor Confederate soldiers

  • who fought to maintain slavery --

  • mostly in the South --

  • from the 1890s to the 1950s,

  • when Jim Crow laws enforcing racial segregation were in full effect.

  • To this day, black people are forced to confront monuments of slaveholders

  • in our public spaces.

  • These memorials are a physical representation of a system

  • that is actively working to define whose lives matter

  • and whose lives do not.

  • If we are going to disrupt the narrative,

  • we have to start at the origin.

  • Genocide, slavery and patriarchy started in the Americas

  • with Christopher Columbus.

  • Most people in the United States know about his voyage of 1492.

  • Fewer people know that an estimated 250,000 indigenous Arawaks were wiped out

  • within two years of his arrival.

  • Even fewer people know

  • that Columbus admitted in a letter written to Doña Juana de la Torre

  • that "nine and 10-year-old girls were in high demand,

  • and for girls of all ages a good price must be paid."

  • Yet New York City's Columbus Circle has had him perched 76 feet high

  • next to Central Park since 1892.

  • I started Movers and Shakers,

  • a nonprofit,

  • to get the statue removed.

  • Movers and Shakers is a group of activists, artists,

  • educators and engineers focused on using immersive technology

  • to highlight the narratives of the oppressed.

  • In our campaign to knock Columbus off his pedestal,

  • we engaged in a visually provocative form of activism.

  • We created an augmented reality installation

  • on the true story of Christopher Columbus

  • and used it to host teach-ins in Columbus Circle and Times Square.

  • Many see the controversy around the statue

  • as tension between the Italian-American community

  • and the indigenous community.

  • The reality is that most black people are here in this country

  • as a result of the atrocities

  • that were kicked off by Christopher Columbus.

  • So we ended up holding a slave auction in Union Square

  • to tie into the genesis of the transatlantic slave trade.

  • I ran the New York City Marathon in chains to spread awareness to this issue.

  • I was also arrested in Giants Stadium for hosting a slave reenactment

  • at their football team's home opener.

  • We gave it everything that we had,

  • but in the end,

  • New York City decided to keep the statue,

  • and New York State unanimously voted to make it a landmark.

  • The news was devastating,

  • but it opened up another door.

  • We realized that with augmented reality

  • you don't need permission from the government

  • to put up a monument or to make a statement.

  • You can just do it.

  • So New York City right now

  • currently has more than 150 statues of men and six of women

  • and currently acknowledges slaveholders in public spaces as well.

  • So we decided, why not just put up a bunch of AR monuments

  • of women and people of color throughout the city?

  • Typically, monuments are created

  • to commemorate the achievements of the deceased,

  • but with augmented reality, we can reroute the rules.

  • We started with sports.

  • Colin Kaepernick.

  • He was the starting quarterback of the San Francisco 49ers,

  • and he wanted to use his platform

  • to highlight the injustice of systemic racism.

  • So he consulted a Green Beret on the most respectful way to do this,

  • and he decided to take a knee during the national anthem.

  • He lost his contract with the 49ers,

  • he was blackballed by every NFL owner,

  • he was criticized by millions

  • and even the president of the United States

  • decided to insult him.

  • It may be decades before Colin Kaepernick is adequately respected for his courage,

  • so our team decided to do this.

  • Now anyone that walks by Trump Tower can see Colin Kaepernick take a knee

  • in augmented reality,

  • and there's nothing they can do about it.

  • (Laughter)

  • Representation matters.

  • Serena Williams proved to the world

  • that a black girl from Compton can dominate a sport

  • that's traditionally played at exclusive country clubs.

  • Let's celebrate her now.

  • Jackie Robinson.

  • He broke the color barrier

  • and empowered many black athletes to play in Major League Baseball.

  • We're going to take this monument of him and put it in Ebbets Field

  • so that anyone can see him swing for the fences

  • in Ebbets Field in Brooklyn.

  • With augmented reality,

  • we have the power to tell stories in public spaces that need to be told.

  • The achievements of people like Frida Kahlo, Audre Lorde,

  • Toussaint Louverture,

  • Madam C.J. Walker --

  • this should be common knowledge.

  • Our vision is a "Pokémon Go" for a contextualized history.

  • Augmented reality can also be used as a tool to support organizations

  • that are fighting against systemic oppression.

  • In 2019 we will release our free smartphone app

  • with augmented reality monuments and content.

  • You can take your smartphone and hold it over any one-dollar bill

  • and see a scene in augmented reality

  • that illustrates the injustice of cash bail.

  • You can then click on the screen

  • and be directed to the donation page of The Bail Project,

  • a fund that raises money for people who cannot afford bail.

  • With augmented reality,

  • we the people have the power

  • to highlight the narratives of the oppressed

  • when institutions refuse to do so.

  • We can use this tool to highlight the systemic implications

  • of erasing someone's history.

  • And more concretely,

  • we can use this technology as a way to support initiatives

  • that are fighting against systemic racism.

  • With AR, we have the power to reimagine a world

  • that prioritizes justice over oppression.

  • Thank you.

  • (Applause and cheers)

My name is Glenn,

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【TED】Glenn Cantave: How augmented reality is changing activism (How augmented reality is changing activism | Glenn Cantave)

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    林宜悉 posted on 2019/08/02
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