Subtitles section Play video Print subtitles Vanessa: Hi. I'm Vanessa from SpeakEnglishWithVanessa.com. Are you ready to speak English fast? Let's do it. Sometimes, it seems like native English speakers are speaking ridiculously fast. Usually, they are speaking fast. In fact, the University of Lyon in France did a study about these 10 languages. They tested the speed of each language. Can you guess which one was the fastest language? English? Nope. Japanese. What was the second fastest language? English? Nope. Spanish. Then French, then Italian and number five was English. Today, I'm going to help you to speak fast English. A couple of months ago, I made a video about how to speak fast English. You can check it out up here. One of the concepts that we talked about was reductions. Today, we're going to dig deeper into this concept. I hope that by the end of this lesson, you're going to be able to use these reductions and speak quickly. What is a reduction? A reduction is when you take one, two or three words, cut out some sounds and then combine them to create a faster word. By the end of this lesson, I hope you'll be able to use the top four reductions in English plus one bonus one. Are you ready? Let's get started. I want to introduce each reduction with a question. For our first reduction, my question is, after you watch this lesson, what are your plans? For me, I could say after this lesson, I am going to take a walk. When we talk about the future in English, we have two options. We can use will. I will take a walk or I am going to take a walk. Is that the fastest way to say this sentence? I am going to take a walk? No. First, let's make a contraction out of the first two words. I am becomes I'm. I'm and then the next two words is our first reduction. We can say, I'm gonna take a walk. What happened to the word 'to' here? I'm gonna take a walk. The word 'to,' simply changed into A. I'm gonna take a walk. Make sure that when you use this reduction, you do not say, I'm gonna 'to' take a walk. Because we've already used the 'to' when we changed it into A. I'm gonna take a walk. Now, I have a couple of sentences that I'd like you to say out loud with me. Can you repeat these out loud with me? I'm gonna take a walk. He's gonna make a presentation. They're gonna bake a cake. Let's make those sentences negative. I'm not gonna take a walk. He's not gonna give a presentation. They're not gonna bake a cake. For reduction number two, I have a question. Where is your dream location to visit? There are a lot of wonderful places in the world but for me, I'm gonna say that I want to visit Norway. Is this the fastest way to say this sentence? I want to visit Norway? No. Let's make a lovely reduction and say, I wanna visit Norway. What happened to the word 'to' here? Does this look familiar? The word 'to' changed to a. I wanna visit Norway. The same as before, make sure that you do not say, I wanna 'to' visit Norway. Nope. We've already changed the 'to' into A. You can simply say, I wanna visit Norway. You probably know that in English, we need the subject and the verb to agree. That means we can say, I want, she wants. There needs to be an S at the end. Can we use this reduction when we change the subject? Can we say she wanna visit Norway? No. Because of that s, we need to include it. She wants to visit Norway. We need to add that s. Now, I have a few sentences that I want you to say out loud with me. Are you ready? I wanna visit Norway. They wanna come over today. If you'd like to know some other ways to use the word come, check out my video up here so that you can use that naturally. Let's make these sentences negative. I don't wanna visit Norway. I don't know who would say that because that's crazy. Who doesn't wanna visit Norway? Let's say that negatively. I don't wanna visit Norway. They don't wanna come over to my house. For reduction number three, I have a question. What do you need to do to improve your English skills? What do you need to do? There's a lot of things you could do. If you wanna improve your English skills, you might say, I have to study everyday. Is this the fastest way to say this sentence? I have to study everyday. No. Let's make a reduction with the words have and to. I hafta study everyday. You might notice that when I wrote this out, the V changes to an F. This is just because that's what it sounds like. When we use these reductions, they're always in spoken English or in really informal writing like a text message. The way that you write it isn't so important. This isn't formal papers or formal exams. I wrote that F just to remind you that it does sound like an F. I hafta study English everyday. What happened to that little word 'to'? Can you guess? I bet you can. You are an expert in this now. The word to becomes A. I hafta study English everyday. What about if we change the subject? I hafta study. She hasta study. The word she needs to agree with the verb has, she has, he has. Can we make this reduction? She hasta study? Yeah. That's great. That's no problem. You can say I hafta study. She hasta study. We hafta study. Now, I have a few sentences that I'd like you to say with me. I hafta study English everyday. You hafta take the test. She hasta call her mom. Let's make them negative. I don't hafta study everyday. You don't hafta take the test. She doesn't hafta call her mom. What's happening here with the verb conjugation? Do you see that the word have is conjugated the same way for each of these? That's because we have the word do. The verb do has been added to these sentences. That means that we conjugate the first verb. I don't, you don't, she doesn't. This makes it beautifully grammatically correct. For reduction number four, I have a question. Before you cook a meal, what do you need to do? Before you cook a meal, what do you need to do? Well, before I cook a meal, I have got to go to the grocery store. I have got to buy some groceries. Groceries are food that you get at the store. Is this the fastest way to say this sentence? I have got to buy some groceries? No. Let's say, I gotta buy some groceries. I gotta buy some groceries. The full verb phrase I have got to is extremely strong in English. We rarely use this because it's so strong. You might use this for life or death situations. You have got to wear a seat belt. You have got to look both ways when you cross the street. For daily life, for buying groceries, we don't need to use that strong expression. We can reduce this to say, I gotta buy groceries. It makes it much less strong but it still shows something that you need to do. What in the world is happening with these verbs? I have got to buy some groceries. I gotta buy some groceries. Let's review some of the things that we've talked about. Often, the word 'to' becomes A. I gotta so we have the word to changing to that a sound. What's happening with 'have'? It's gone. Completely gone but here, it is implied.