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  • Vanessa: Hi.

  • I'm Vanessa from SpeakEnglishWithVanessa.com.

  • Are you ready to speak English fast?

  • Let's do it.

  • Sometimes, it seems like native English speakers are speaking ridiculously fast.

  • Usually, they are speaking fast.

  • In fact, the University of Lyon in France did a study about these 10 languages.

  • They tested the speed of each language.

  • Can you guess which one was the fastest language?

  • English?

  • Nope.

  • Japanese.

  • What was the second fastest language?

  • English?

  • Nope.

  • Spanish.

  • Then French, then Italian and number five was English.

  • Today, I'm going to help you to speak fast English.

  • A couple of months ago, I made a video about how to speak fast English.

  • You can check it out up here.

  • One of the concepts that we talked about was reductions.

  • Today, we're going to dig deeper into this concept.

  • I hope that by the end of this lesson, you're going to be able to use these reductions and

  • speak quickly.

  • What is a reduction?

  • A reduction is when you take one, two or three words, cut out some sounds and then combine

  • them to create a faster word.

  • By the end of this lesson, I hope you'll be able to use the top four reductions in English

  • plus one bonus one.

  • Are you ready?

  • Let's get started.

  • I want to introduce each reduction with a question.

  • For our first reduction, my question is, after you watch this lesson, what are your plans?

  • For me, I could say after this lesson, I am going to take a walk.

  • When we talk about the future in English, we have two options.

  • We can use will.

  • I will take a walk or I am going to take a walk.

  • Is that the fastest way to say this sentence?

  • I am going to take a walk?

  • No.

  • First, let's make a contraction out of the first two words.

  • I am becomes I'm.

  • I'm and then the next two words is our first reduction.

  • We can say, I'm gonna take a walk.

  • What happened to the word 'to' here?

  • I'm gonna take a walk.

  • The word 'to,' simply changed into A. I'm gonna take a walk.

  • Make sure that when you use this reduction, you do not say, I'm gonna 'to' take a

  • walk.

  • Because we've already used the 'to' when we changed it into A.

  • I'm gonna take a walk.

  • Now, I have a couple of sentences that I'd like you to say out loud with me.

  • Can you repeat these out loud with me?

  • I'm gonna take a walk.

  • He's gonna make a presentation.

  • They're gonna bake a cake.

  • Let's make those sentences negative.

  • I'm not gonna take a walk.

  • He's not gonna give a presentation.

  • They're not gonna bake a cake.

  • For reduction number two, I have a question.

  • Where is your dream location to visit?

  • There are a lot of wonderful places in the world but for me, I'm gonna say that I want

  • to visit Norway.

  • Is this the fastest way to say this sentence?

  • I want to visit Norway?

  • No.

  • Let's make a lovely reduction and say, I wanna visit Norway.

  • What happened to the word 'to' here?

  • Does this look familiar?

  • The word 'to' changed to a.

  • I wanna visit Norway.

  • The same as before, make sure that you do not say, I wanna 'to' visit Norway.

  • Nope.

  • We've already changed the 'to' into A. You can simply say, I wanna visit Norway.

  • You probably know that in English, we need the subject and the verb to agree.

  • That means we can say, I want, she wants.

  • There needs to be an S at the end.

  • Can we use this reduction when we change the subject?

  • Can we say she wanna visit Norway?

  • No.

  • Because of that s, we need to include it.

  • She wants to visit Norway.

  • We need to add that s.

  • Now, I have a few sentences that I want you to say out loud with me.

  • Are you ready?

  • I wanna visit Norway.

  • They wanna come over today.

  • If you'd like to know some other ways to use the word come, check out my video up here

  • so that you can use that naturally.

  • Let's make these sentences negative.

  • I don't wanna visit Norway.

  • I don't know who would say that because that's crazy.

  • Who doesn't wanna visit Norway?

  • Let's say that negatively.

  • I don't wanna visit Norway.

  • They don't wanna come over to my house.

  • For reduction number three, I have a question.

  • What do you need to do to improve your English skills?

  • What do you need to do?

  • There's a lot of things you could do.

  • If you wanna improve your English skills, you might say, I have to study everyday.

  • Is this the fastest way to say this sentence?

  • I have to study everyday.

  • No.

  • Let's make a reduction with the words have and to.

  • I hafta study everyday.

  • You might notice that when I wrote this out, the V changes to an F.

  • This is just because that's what it sounds like.

  • When we use these reductions, they're always in spoken English or in really informal writing

  • like a text message.

  • The way that you write it isn't so important.

  • This isn't formal papers or formal exams.

  • I wrote that F just to remind you that it does sound like an F. I hafta study English

  • everyday.

  • What happened to that little word 'to'?

  • Can you guess?

  • I bet you can.

  • You are an expert in this now.

  • The word to becomes A. I hafta study English everyday.

  • What about if we change the subject?

  • I hafta study.

  • She hasta study.

  • The word she needs to agree with the verb has, she has, he has.

  • Can we make this reduction?

  • She hasta study?

  • Yeah.

  • That's great.

  • That's no problem.

  • You can say I hafta study.

  • She hasta study.

  • We hafta study.

  • Now, I have a few sentences that I'd like you to say with me.

  • I hafta study English everyday.

  • You hafta take the test.

  • She hasta call her mom.

  • Let's make them negative.

  • I don't hafta study everyday.

  • You don't hafta take the test.

  • She doesn't hafta call her mom.

  • What's happening here with the verb conjugation?

  • Do you see that the word have is conjugated the same way for each of these?

  • That's because we have the word do.

  • The verb do has been added to these sentences.

  • That means that we conjugate the first verb.

  • I don't, you don't, she doesn't.

  • This makes it beautifully grammatically correct.

  • For reduction number four, I have a question.

  • Before you cook a meal, what do you need to do?

  • Before you cook a meal, what do you need to do?

  • Well, before I cook a meal, I have got to go to the grocery store.

  • I have got to buy some groceries.

  • Groceries are food that you get at the store.

  • Is this the fastest way to say this sentence?

  • I have got to buy some groceries?

  • No.

  • Let's say, I gotta buy some groceries.

  • I gotta buy some groceries.

  • The full verb phrase I have got to is extremely strong in English.

  • We rarely use this because it's so strong.

  • You might use this for life or death situations.

  • You have got to wear a seat belt.

  • You have got to look both ways when you cross the street.

  • For daily life, for buying groceries, we don't need to use that strong expression.

  • We can reduce this to say, I gotta buy groceries.

  • It makes it much less strong but it still shows something that you need to do.

  • What in the world is happening with these verbs?

  • I have got to buy some groceries.

  • I gotta buy some groceries.

  • Let's review some of the things that we've talked about.

  • Often, the word 'to' becomes A. I gotta so we have the word to changing to that a

  • sound.

  • What's happening with 'have'?

  • It's gone.

  • Completely gone but here, it is implied.

  • The word implied means that we know it's there.

  • We need it to be grammatically correct but we don't say it.

  • This is something that's implied or understood.

  • When something's implied, for example, maybe you tell your boyfriend, I want you to tell

  • me I love you more often.

  • He says, "Oh, well, I spent time with you.

  • I helped cook meals with you.

  • Of course, I love you.

  • I'm doing these things with you.

  • My love is implied.

  • My love is understood.

  • I don't need to say it because you already know it."

  • Maybe that's not okay with you.

  • You still want him to say it but that's the idea of implied.

  • It's understood.

  • You know it's there but you don't necessarily see it or hear it.

  • You can naturally say, I gotta buy groceries.

  • What about if you change the subject?

  • We've talked about the subject and the verb agreeing.

  • Could you say he gotta wake up early?

  • No.

  • Because we have the full verb phrase he has got to wake up early, we need to include that

  • S. This is similar to what we talked about with

  • wants.

  • Here, we need to say, he's gotta wake up early.

  • When we use gotta, the 'have' part or the 'has' is not implied.

  • It's added.

  • He's gotta wake up early.

  • You could still use gotta but you need that S. He's gotta wake up early.

  • Let's say a few sentences together so that you can practice gotta.

  • I gotta buy some groceries.

  • What's happening with this pronunciation?

  • In the middle of the word, there are two Ts.

  • These Ts are going to change to a D sound in American English.

  • This is a typical concept in American English.

  • That when you have a T and a vowel on both sides, the T's going to sound like a D. I

  • gotta buy some groceries.

  • This is the same for the word water, sweater, better.

  • If you'd like to know some other concepts about how to use an American accent, you can

  • click on this video up here.

  • We go into depth into five specific things that you can do to sound more like an American

  • English speaker.

  • Let's say that sentence together.

  • I gotta buy some groceries.

  • You gotta chew with your mouth closed.

  • It's considered polite.

  • He's gotta wake up early.

  • He's gotta.

  • Let's see if we can make these sentences negative.

  • Can you say I don't gotta buy some groceries?

  • Some people say this but it's not considered proper English so I don't recommend using

  • this.

  • Instead, when you wanna use gotta in the negative form, we need to use the word need.

  • I don't need to buy some groceries.

  • You don't need to chew with your mouth closed maybe because there's no one else in the room

  • so they don't care.

  • He doesn't need to wake up early.

  • Let's go on to one final bonus reduction.

  • My question for you is, what are you doing right now?

  • What are you doing right now as you're watching this lesson?

  • You might say, I'm trying to improve my pronunciation.

  • I'm trying to improve my pronunciation.

  • Is this the fastest way to say this sentence?

  • No, no, nope.

  • You can say, I'm tryna improve my pronunciation.

  • I'm tryna improve my pronunciation.

  • Let's review some of those concepts we talked about to figure out what is happening with

  • this reduction.

  • The word 'to' is gonna change to a, tryna, a.

  • Why is there an N added here?

  • You might notice that with gonna and wanna, we've added an N and it just sounds and feels

  • a little bit more natural to link those together.

  • I'm tryna improve my pronunciation.

  • You can't say I'm try a, I'm try a, it doesn't feel and sound as smooth.

  • We need to say I'm tryna improve my pronunciation.

  • This is definitely for fast English so if you're speaking slowly or thinking about what

  • you're saying, it's best to use the full expression.

  • I'm trying to improve my pronunciation.

  • In fact, that's the same for all of these reductions.

  • If you need to speak slowly or you're not sure what you're going to say, you're taking