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[Narrator] This is Nikol Pashinyan.
In April 2018, he led a 250,000-person revolution
in Armenia.
The peaceful demonstrations
were in response to the decadelong rule of Serzh Sargsyan.
After serving as president for 10 years,
lawmakers elected Sargsyan to become prime minister.
But many Armenians agreed that Sargsyan
had been in power for too long.
So they took to the streets to protest it.
The revolution was successful
in ousting Sargsyan from power.
And Pashinyan has since been elected
prime minister of Armenia.
Pashinyan: Our people were convinced
that they decide nothing
and that only government or establishment
has opportunities and real tools
and real leverages to decide their destiny
and destiny of our country.
We had a problem with the official results of elections,
because continuously, the results of elections
were falsified.
We have a huge problem of electoral bribe,
so vote-buying, et cetera, et cetera.
But our last snap parliamentary election, we were assessed
by international observers
as free, democratic, independent, and reliable.
And we had such a tremendous change in our political life
because of the change of personal behavior
of our every citizen.
[Narrator] Armenia has historically been a crossroads
between Europe, Asia, and the Middle East.
Neighbors include Turkey to the left,
Azerbaijan to the right,
Iran to the south,
and Georgia and Russia to the north.
With such a diverse group of neighbors
and a long history of conflict,
international relations can be very complicated.
Pashinyan: For us, it's very important,
our relations with our neighbors Iran and Georgia.
Unfortunately, two of our borders,
from four, are closed.
[Narrator] While international relations can be difficult,
Pashinyan is focusing on domestic economic changes
to shape the country's near future.
One growth sector he's confident about is tech.
That includes the Tumo Center for Creative Technologies,
a free learning center for the Armenian youth
that specializes in technology and design.
The center has recently expanded to Paris and Beirut,
with plans for more international locations.
Pashinyan: That means that Armenia is starting
to export technologies.
These kind of technologies are changing the face of Armenia.
[Narrator] Armenia has a population
of about 2.9 million people
for 11,484 square miles.
For comparison, about 8.9 million people
live in New York City.
Armen Ghazaryan, head of migration services,
hopes this number can grow following the revolution.
Ghazaryan: Armenia is a country of destination,
country of transit, and country of origin.
We are all those three in one.
After the revolution,
Armenia is also a country that is
in a process of change,
and this is a very important pull factor, you know.
It brings people here,
because people want to be part of the change,
and they want to transform a country
and be engaged in this transformation process,
be it on political level, be it on economic level,
and, hopefully, later on,
on social and cultural levels as well.
[Narrator] We spoke with citizens in the capital of Armenia
about post-revolution life.
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Armenia's 250,000 Person Revolution, Explained

82 Folder Collection
Liang Chen published on July 2, 2019
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