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  • Hey guys welcome back,

  • so given all the multi-step skincare routines out there,

  • we wanna really take a deeper dive into what every single one of these steps are,

  • what these products are, what they do,

  • and if we really need these in our daily routines,

  • so the idea is that we're trying to figure out what other products that our skin actually craves and needs naturally,

  • and what other products that just kind of marketed out there to get our attention,

  • and to make us spend money, yeah pointing at her, the perfections.

  • So we recently made a video on how to cleanse and properly wash your face,

  • which is the first step in any skincare routine,

  • so today we're gonna talk all about toning, and do we need it,

  • because products like toners range from like $5 all the way to $250 bottles,

  • so is it worth it,

  • so in this video we're gonna talk about what toners are,

  • how to probably use them,

  • what the difference is between toners micellar water cleansing water and essence,

  • because they're all completely different things,

  • but they all look like water,

  • and the last thing which is what is the best toner for your skin type,

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  • and we'll just get into the video yeah.

  • So toners what exactly are toners,

  • back-in-the-day toners are called skin tonics,

  • and they were just that tonics for your skin,

  • the first tonic water came out around the 1900s about the same time as Eau de Cologne,

  • it was made to soothe the nerves,

  • and to take fatigue out of the muscles,

  • many formulations are simple mixtures of perfume water alcohol and borax,

  • and you can find borax nowadays in a lot of cleaning products,

  • and you can also use it in homemade laundry detergent,

  • so that was toners back in the day,

  • luckily we're fast forwarding to present day,

  • and there's no longer laundry detergent particles in our toners,

  • they're also newly formulated to target all of our skincare concerns,

  • be it exfoliating cleansing hydrating brightening or all of the above,

  • so the basic science of toner is that it gives your skin a quick hit of intense hydration

  • as well as taking off the surface layer of dead skin cells,

  • and make it nice and fresh and glowy, and you can think of it like a sponge,

  • so if you pour water on a dry sponge,

  • water just kind of sits on top of the sponge, but if you soak the sponge in water,

  • and then you add more water into it absorbs right away,

  • so that's exactly like how toners work and your skin works,

  • so the three main benefits you can think of for toners is that it shrinks the appearance of pores,

  • takes away the impurities that are left on your skin or even dead skin that actually clogs pores to produce breakouts,

  • and the most important part is that it restores the pH balance,

  • so let's move on to what is pH,

  • what does it mean, and what does it do,

  • and why is it important, so basically it stands for potential of hydrogen,

  • so the pH scale ranges from 0 which is acidic all the way to 14,

  • which is alkaline,

  • and our skin sits kind of a little more towards acidic,

  • so between 4.5 to 5.5, and after you wash your face,

  • it fluctuates so toner brings it back to the neutral state,

  • balance between the two spectrums,

  • so in order for our skin barriers to work properly,

  • we need to make sure the pH is balanced,

  • because if it's too acidic then it gets too inflamed and red,

  • and if it's too alkaline,

  • then it gets too dry and dehydrated,

  • so why this is important is because our skin barrier is responsible for keeping in lipids natural oils and moisture,

  • while blocking out germs bacteria toxins pollutants all the negative things that cause breakouts,

  • yeah and like attack our skin,

  • so if our skin isn't properly protected with the right level of moisture with the right level of acidity,

  • then it can't do its job, so all you need to know is that's what toner is for,

  • it's coming in to restore the skin's pH balance

  • so it can fend off itself bacteria and everything nasty in the world,

  • and also to help the products in the future that you're going to apply,

  • it absorbs better,

  • I think there's two avenues that general consensus either goes down,

  • you either use a cotton pad or use your hands ,

  • so for the cotton pads I usually generally like putting it between my fingers two,

  • each and then swipe outward and upward,

  • Wow so methodical, and then there's the second way

  • which is what Felicia does which is just put it on my palm,and then pat it in.

  • I really love the feeling of going pat patpat,

  • because it is very hydrating and very calming, yeah and I feel like no product goes to waste,

  • I just feel like with cotton pads, it just gets soaked on the pad,

  • if you're using toner as a way to cleanse, like a second or third step of cleansing,

  • because sometimes we need that, it will help remove all the impurities,

  • and if you're just using your hand it won't do that as much or as well,

  • yeah so you can also be like Mia, she does double toning,

  • she'll first use con pads, and then she'll use the Felicia way, I like doing both too.

  • Maybe if you're coming out of the shower you do that because you're already clean,

  • but if you're just washing your face,

  • just to get rid of all the residue you do the cotton pad,

  • so next let's talk about the difference between toners micellar waters cleansing water and essence,

  • there's a lot,

  • cuz there are really similar cleansing water which is basically purified water,

  • why are we buying this, because it's infused with a lot of nice things,

  • cleansing waters are usually infused with other things such as essential oils plant extracts,

  • collagen and minerals,

  • it's best use as a light refresh in the morning and throughout the day,

  • so you can think of toner as the parent family, and then underneath that tree,

  • those things like beauty water, so this specific one from Son & Park,

  • it's called beauty water, and it's a toner and a cleansing water,

  • there's willow bark and papaya extract which are good for like we mentioned earlier,

  • brightening the skin, naturally occurring acid,

  • so another one you might get toner confused with is micellar water,

  • but there's a huge difference here,

  • micellar water is basically just for cleansing your face,

  • it's not for nourishing,

  • and micellar water actually has micelles that draw oil and draws water away from your skin,

  • which is completely the opposite of what toner should do,

  • so don't get those confused,

  • kind of like these babies here, these aren't toners, they're stripping away your oils,

  • they're really good at removing makeup too,

  • - toner on the other hand, and next there are essence,

  • so the confusing thing when it comes to essence,

  • that's a whole other thing,

  • but you have an essence that's more goopy more towards the serum side,

  • and then you have essences that a more tonery,

  • so maybe sometimes just look at the consistency of it,

  • it goes back to like simply speaking the more watery,

  • it should be applied first, and then the thicker it is,

  • the later on in the skincare routine,

  • so next we're gonna recommend you guys depending on what different type of skin type you have,

  • which is the best toner to kind of match up with those areas and those problems,

  • so be a dry skin oily skin combination skin dull skin big pores,

  • yeah all of the above.

  • So if you have large pores,

  • you want to look for toners that have AHAs or Alpha hydroxy acid

  • to help reduce the size and appearance of the pores,

  • so we have two here, this is the Ren Ready Steady Glow Daily AHA Tonic,

  • and it works wonders,

  • and so here we have the Kale-Lalu-yAHA which has AHA and also hyaluronic acid,

  • it's a hyaluronic acid is good for replenishing hydration as well,

  • so if you have big pores try AHAs,

  • because they're actually a really gentle chemical exfoliant ,

  • but also there's the Pixi Glow Tonic which you can get at Target,

  • and also one that we found that was really popular in amazon with ten thousand reviews was the witch hazel by Thayers,

  • and then you will find this in every single category,

  • cuz apparently it's that good,

  • and witch hazel is actually really good for inflammation as well,

  • I think we're gonna go buy some after this.

  • It's only nine dollars why not, if you have dull skin like me,

  • toners with natural exfoliants like papaya and lactic acid are great for brightening the skin,

  • so like this one this is the ordinary lactic acid ten percent with hyaluronic acid two percent,

  • if you're just getting into AHAs,

  • a really gentle one to use and it's good for improving texture brightening color,

  • and this baby is only like six dollars seventy,

  • so thank you Ordinary,

  • otherwise there's this Indie Lee CoQ-10 Toner and Burts Bees Brightening Refining Tonic six dollars,

  • and you can get that at drugstores,

  • for those of you with acne prone or oily skin like me unfortunately

  • you want to look for toners once again that will help break down kind of the oils in your pores,

  • so things like AHA, BHA, salicylic acid lactic acid,

  • because this will then sink into your pores,

  • and break down the bacteria that's causing inflammation and things like that,

  • my favorite three are one from Innisfree it's the Bijia Blemish Care Toner,

  • and that one specifically got 2% salicylic acid,

  • so every time I feel like I'm breaking out,

  • I just like splash that all over the face just like,

  • otherwise there's this Fresh Herb Calendula Tincture Toner,

  • it's like sixteen dollars really good at inflammation, it calms,

  • it moistures it improves elasticity, it balances, and it's soothes,

  • a lot of these toners they crossover between different skincare concerns,

  • actually toners I feel like are the most overall types thing.

  • Like most fluid yeah, so what she uses on her dry flaky skin,