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  • KidsHealth presents How the Body Works, with Chloe and the Nurb.

  • What a wonderful day in Bodylandia, ain't it, Chloe?

  • It's a zombie.

  • Chloe, run for your life.

  • It's me, Nurb.

  • I think I'm sick.

  • Sick?

  • Well, why didn't you say so?

  • That's way easier to cure than being a zombie.

  • Nurb, MD is on the job.

  • Rhonda?

  • Yes, Dr. Nurb?

  • I'm going to need you to clear my schedule

  • for the rest of the day.

  • Cancel my golf housing with the appendix.

  • Yes, sir.

  • Chloe, it looks like you've got yourself a sore throat.

  • I've got you on bed rest and chicken soup.

  • Looks like there's only one thing left to prescribe.

  • What?

  • A bedtime story.

  • Phew.

  • Tonight's story is a fairy tale called

  • The Fellowship of the Immune System, Defenders of the Realm.

  • You and I are characters in the story.

  • Once upon a time, there was a beautiful queen who

  • lived in a beautiful castle.

  • The castle was called Castle Chloe,

  • and she took good care of it.

  • Here.

  • Have an apple, Castle.

  • Outside of the pretty castle, there

  • were invaders called germs.

  • There are four major types of germs.

  • Viruses, which thrive in living cells and cause diseases,

  • like chickenpox and the flu.

  • Fungi, microscopic organisms that can cause itchy rashes,

  • like athlete's foot.

  • Parasites, which can cause diarrhea and other problems.

  • And bacteria, tiny one-celled creatures

  • that cause infections like strep throat and pneumonia.

  • Some bacteria help your body, so not all of them are bad,

  • but these guys sure are.

  • Queen Chloe looked on in horror at the germs on the horizon.

  • She needed the advice of her trusted

  • counsel on how to proceed.

  • There is a threat to the realm, so I need your help.

  • What do you suggest, Vaccine?

  • I say, take care of yourself in a variety

  • of ways before you get sick.

  • Start by getting vaccines, also called shots or immunizations.

  • They help prevent bad illnesses, such as whooping cough,

  • tetanus, and the flu.

  • After getting a vaccine, the body is more protected.

  • Good counsel.

  • What say you, Hand o' Fingers?

  • Washing one's hands regularly will prevent germ invasion.

  • Apple a Day?

  • One should eat nutritious foods.

  • Runny McRunnerson.

  • Get plenty of exercise.

  • Hop, hop, hop.

  • Snoozer, the Snoozer.

  • Huh?

  • Oh, get enough sleep.

  • Time for my nap.

  • Stethoscope, the Bold?

  • Breathe deep and get regular medical checkups.

  • Thank you, advisors.

  • By taking your advice, we should be safe.

  • What was that?

  • It's a germ invasion.

  • Despite our best efforts, germs can sometimes still

  • get into the body.

  • We need a hero.

  • We need--

  • The Fellowship of the Immune System, Defenders of the Realm.

  • Greeting, I am Sir Nurb Nurblington the Third,

  • Knight of the Immune System.

  • Sir Nurb Nurblington the Third?

  • Are you serious?

  • That's the worst name I've--

  • As I was saying, Nurb Nurblington the Third,

  • the handsomest knight in the kingdom, came to save the day.

  • Do not fear the germ hold, Your Highness,

  • for we have the immune system and the work of cells, tissues,

  • and organs that work together to keep one healthy and fight

  • infections.

  • Immune System, assemble.

  • The immune system is made up of two different kinds of cells.

  • Often called white blood cells, lymphocytes, present.

  • These guys allow the body to remember and recognize

  • previous invaders to destroy them.

  • Phagocytes, on deck.

  • These guys chew up and devour invading germs.

  • Go forth and fight immune system cells.

  • They can make us sick, but they'll never take our freedom.

  • So that's it?

  • Those cells went off to fight?

  • Yes, Your Highness.

  • But the lore for Castle Chloe's health has just begun.

  • There are battles being fought all over the castle,

  • as we speak.

  • Some major battlegrounds in the immune system's fight

  • against germs are the body's tonsils and lymph nodes.

  • Oh, so that's why I have swollen glands on the sides of my neck.

  • It's the immune system cells in my lymph nodes

  • working hard to remove germs and make me better.

  • Exactomundo.

  • Another battleground is located in the spleen,

  • an organ tucked under your rib cage, on the left.

  • The spleen, like lymph nodes, helps you fight infections.

  • [COUGHING]

  • All of that is going on inside me right now?

  • Can I do anything to help the good guys win?

  • You sure can.

  • Sometimes your body can't do it all

  • and needs some help when it's sick.

  • That's when you call in, the reinforcements.

  • Grandpa Jebediah Nurb, you know what to do.

  • Fire the antibiotics.

  • You only take antibiotics when you have a bacterial infection.

  • Only a doctor can say if you need an antibiotic

  • and you need a prescription.

  • Once again, please see your doctor.

  • This message was approved by the Chloe and Nurb Association.

  • Wow.

  • I had no idea there was an epic battle going on in my body.

  • No wonder I'm so tired.

  • Yeah.

  • It can take a while for your immune system

  • to knock out all of the bad germs.

  • The best thing you can do to help

  • is to take care of yourself and get lots of rest.

  • [SNORING]

  • Yup, exactly like that.

  • The immune system continued to fight,

  • and all through the land, people thanked

  • they're heroes, The Fellowship of the Immune System, Defenders

  • of the Realm.

  • Nurb, I'm trying to sleep.

  • Sorry.

KidsHealth presents How the Body Works, with Chloe and the Nurb.

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B2 US immune system immune chloe system castle body

How Your Immune System Works

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    Amy.Lin posted on 2019/03/18
Video vocabulary