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  • Hi, I'm Michael from ETS.

  • Today on Inside the TOEFL Test, we're going inside the TOEFL iBT Reading section.

  • Specifically, the Inference and Rhetorical Purpose questions.

  • Inference questions ask you to identify information or comprehend an idea that is not explicitly stated in the reading passage.

  • You can recognize inference questions because they usually include the words "infer," "imply" or "suggest," like in these examples.

  • Rhetorical purpose questions are similar, because they also ask for information not explicitly stated.

  • These will ask why the author has presented a piece of information.

  • One way to approach these types of questions, if you can't identify the correct answer immediately, is to eliminate wrong answers.

  • You will see more on this as we go through the example.

  • Now let's do a sample inference question.

  • Here's a paragraph from a reading passage about meteorite impacts.

  • Next, let's look at the question.

  • You see that it uses the word "inferred," so that clearly tells you that it's an inference question.

  • Can you identify the correct answer?

  • It's choice C, because it's supported by this sentence, which indicates that scientists knew in 1980 that there had been an impact.

  • And this one, where it said the site had been located in the Yucatan.

  • Let's look at why the other choices can be eliminated.

  • Choice A is not correct.

  • Because there isn't anything written or implied in the passage about geologists keeping the impact site secret.

  • Choice B is also not correct.

  • Saying that it was a "well-known fact" contradicts the passage where it talks about the discovery of the crater in the Yucatan.

  • Choice D also can't be correct.

  • Because the paragraph doesn't mention climate as a factor in the discovery of the impact site.

  • Now let's look at an example of a rhetorical purpose question.

  • It asks about information from a different paragraph in the same reading passage about meteorites and dinosaurs.

  • It's like an Inference question, but it asks why the author includes a particular piece of information.

  • When reading each answer choice, the most important part to focus on is the "to clause" at the beginning of each one.

  • Then pick the answer that best describes what the author is trying to do.

  • In this case, the correct answer is C.

  • One way to build your reading skills is by practicing skimming, which is reading quickly to identify major points.

  • One way to skim is to read the introductory paragraph, then the first sentence of each of the middle paragraphs, and then read the concluding paragraph.

  • When you're practicing, try reading a passage twice, the first time skimming to get the main ideas, then read it again more carefully to see if you really did get those main ideas.

  • Another tip that will help with rhetorical purpose questions is to make sure you know the definition of these words.

  • Because they are often used to describe kinds of rhetorical purposes.

  • There are lots of ways to improve your English skills.

  • Whatever you do, keep practicing.

  • And good luck on your TOEFL test.

Hi, I'm Michael from ETS.

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B1 US inference rhetorical toefl reading passage paragraph

TOEFL Reading Questions - Inference and Rhetorical Purpose Inside the TOEFL Test

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    Jessieeee posted on 2019/04/11
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