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  • In the beginning,

  • God created the heavens and the earth and all things.

  • A vibrant new world was born.

  • Everything created by God was perfect and beautiful

  • displaying His wisdom, His goodness, and His almightiness.

  • God created Adam and Eve in His own image with His own hands,

  • and breathed His very life into them.

  • Jehovah God placed them in the Garden of Eden

  • and told them:

  • But Adam and Eve did not heed God's instruction.

  • They gave in to Satan's temptation

  • and ate from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.

  • After that,

  • mankind became more and more corrupt, evil and decadent.

  • They reached the highest levels of sin.

  • They made an enemy of God and did not allow for His existence.

  • This was why God resolved to wipe out mankind with a flood.

  • One day, Jehovah God came to Noah.

  • Oh, my Lord!

  • After the flood, all living, breathing things on earth had died,

  • except for eight people in Noah's family

  • and every animal placed upon the ark.

  • The rain has stopped!

  • The rain has stopped at last!

  • Look, the sun is coming out!

  • The sky is clearing!

  • O my Lord!

  • My God!

  • They have continued to proliferate on earth to this very day.

  • God made a covenant with them

  • that He would never destroy the earth with a flood again.

  • And the rainbow seen today

  • is proof of God's covenant with man.

  • The cities of Sodom and Gomorrah

  • were full of evil, licentiousness, rampant with murder,

  • and indulgence in extravagant pleasures.

  • They reached the point of clamoring against God,

  • of fighting against Him,

  • enraging His disposition.

  • After the angels took Lot and his family out of the city,

  • burning sulfur rained down from the sky,

  • the raging fire lit up the heavens.

  • Hurry, hurry up!

  • Oh, my house!

  • Our lives are on the line! Who cares about the house?

  • I'm not afraid!

  • Just one look! Just one look!

  • Mom

  • Sodom, Gomorrah, and all their residents

  • were reduced to ashes,

  • disappearing into the wrath of God.

  • The Israelites, descendants of Abraham,

  • fled to live in exile in Egypt due to famine.

  • The Egyptians were terrified of the Israelites' expansion,

  • so they enslaved them.

  • The Israelites could not bear the torture,

  • and prayed to God.

  • God heard their prayers

  • and decided to lead the Israelites out of Egypt.

  • He then called on Moses,

  • Moses went to see the Egyptian Pharaoh with God's command.

  • But the Pharaoh would not agree to release the Israelites.

  • The stubborn Pharaoh did not give in

  • until God unleashed ten plagues.

  • The Israelites finally departed from Egypt under God's guidance.

  • Charge! Kill them!

  • May all glory and praise be to my Lord, Jehovah God, forever and ever

  • After escaping from the pursuing Egyptian soldiers,

  • Moses continued to lead the Israelites southward until they came to Mount Sinai.

  • In His almighty glory,

  • Jehovah God descended to Mount Sinai

  • and issued His commandments to the Israelites through Moses.

  • God spoke all these words, saying,

  • After leading the Israelites out of Egypt,

  • God issued laws comprised of commandments, teachings, prohibitions, and decrees

  • (a total of 613 laws after collation by later generations).

  • These laws from God were issued to explicitly instruct people

  • on how to worship God and live on this earth.

  • These laws were the earliest detailed conditions to guide mankind on how to live,

  • to regulate human behavior and measure moral standards.

  • They were also the first basis and guideline toward determining sinfulness.

  • They provided standards and guidelines

  • for future generations on the establishment of the constitution.

  • They also laid a foundation

  • for the perfection of legal systems for subsequent generations.

  • Many modern legal provisions and judicial concepts

  • have been profoundly influenced by these laws.

  • For example, murder, rape, robbery, libel, and embezzlement

  • were established as crimes based on the Ten Commandments.

  • God's laws issued to the Israelites

  • have not only had a profound impact on human law,

  • but have also played a critical role

  • in the establishment and formation of moral civilization

  • and democratic institutions in human societies.

  • In the end,

  • after hundreds of years of living under the restrictions of the law,

  • the Israelites were unable to uphold the law.

  • They constantly violated the teachings of the law,

  • and everyone faced the danger of being condemned or put to death through the law.

  • They were also repeatedly preyed upon by other peoples

  • and were subjected to the torment of war and oppression.

  • So they urgently prayed and called out to God.

  • And they received a promise,

  • a promise that the Israelites could gain an eternal sin offering

  • and they would no longer be condemned or put to death according to the law,

  • a promise that would revolutionize the Israelites' very existence and fate.

  • Thus, Jehovah God told the Israelites by means of a prophet.

  • In the year of our Lord,

  • a male child was born in a manger in a Jewish inn in Bethlehem.

  • Three wise men from the East,

  • guided by a star that had never before been seen,

  • came to the place of the child's birth.

  • They bowed down to Him in worship.

  • This child was the One promised by God,

  • who would lead and redeem the Israelites from God's law.

  • Oh! Whose child is this? So wise!

  • The coming of the Lord Jesus Christ

  • put an end to the Israelites' lives of slavery to sin.

  • They no longer had to face the peril

  • of being condemned or executed for their inability to uphold God's law.

  • Their sins were pardoned because of the Lord Jesus' sin offering.

  • Their living conditions underwent a complete change.

  • From then on,

  • the Israelites no longer lived under the law.

  • Instead, they lived under the protection

  • of the sin offering brought to them by the Lord Jesus.

  • It means that the Israelites had completely cast off the binds of the law

  • and entered an entirely new age.

  • In this age, they were atoned of their sins

  • through repentance and the Lord's abundant grace,

  • and they also enjoyed the promise bestowed upon them by the Lord Jesus.

  • It was an age replete with the Lord's mercy,

  • love, tolerance, blessings, forgiveness, and patience.

  • This is why we called this new age the Age of Grace.

  • People's sins could be forgiven

  • as long as they accepted the Lord Jesus as their Savior,

  • and they could enjoy the rich grace and blessings bestowed upon them by God.

  • This grace not only narrowed the gap

  • between God and man,

  • but also rescued humanity from their slavery to sin.

  • This allowed people to no longer stray from God because of their sins,

  • to be absolved because of God's sin offering,

  • and because of God's rich grace

  • be able to come in front of Him at any time, any place.

  • The coming of the Lord Jesus brought an end

  • to the old age of constraints by the law,

  • and ushered mankind into a new age.

  • Meanwhile,

  • it improved the relationship between God and man,

  • and opened up a new beginning, a new start

  • to God's work of management among mankind.

  • In 70 AD,

  • thirty-seven years after the Lord Jesus was resurrected

  • and ascended into heaven, the Roman army captured Jerusalem.

  • The diasporas of Jewish people wandered the earth

  • after being driven out of the land of Israel.

  • Although they had lost their homeland,

  • they carried with them the Lord Jesus' gospel of the heavenly kingdom

  • which had been confined to Judea

  • and spread it to every corner of the world.

  • Amen! Thank the Lord!

  • She's come back to life! She's alive!

  • She's come back to life!

  • Hallelujah! Thanks to the Lord! Hallelujah!

  • May the Lord have mercy on me.

  • My legs have been healed! I can stand up!

  • Thanks to the Lord! It's wonderful! Praise God!

  • Oh Lord! May You have mercy on Your child.

  • It's a miracle!

  • Here we must proclaim that God's wisdom surpasses the heavens

  • and His deeds are wondrous beyond belief!

  • 27 BC was the advent of the age of the Roman Empire.

  • It gradually grew in power and became a vast empire

  • spanning Europe, Asia, Africa,

  • and dominating the Mediterranean.

  • It ruled over about one fifth of the global population at the time.

  • After the Roman Empire captured Jerusalem

  • and drove the Jews out of Israel,

  • Christianity spread throughout the Roman Empire.

  • In 313 AD, the Roman emperor Constantine I legalized Christianity.

  • Years later, it was classified as the official state religion.

  • The development of these events

  • advanced the spread and expansion of Christianity

  • throughout all of Europe, Asia, Africa, and all of mankind.

  • It laid the foundation for Christianity among the ruling class

  • and the common people across those continents.

  • Of course it influenced the lives of these people,

  • by way of their faith, thoughts, morals, and social trends.

  • It also influenced the ideologies and political careers of generations of rulers.

  • The expansion of Christianity in the Roman Empire and its influence

  • led to panic among the rulers in Rome.

  • They were afraid of and hated Christianity.

  • To prevent Christianity from taking over their rule,

  • they madly persecuted Christianity

  • and murdered huge numbers of Christians.

  • These measures brought natural disasters,

  • internal strife, and outside incursions upon the Roman Empire,

  • as well as a number of epidemics.

  • There were repeated outbreaks,

  • the shorter ones lasting a few decades,

  • the longer lasting over a century.

  • This brought about a sharp drop in the population of the empire.

  • The once-mighty ancient Roman Empire was in decline.

  • In 1453, ancient Rome descended into chaos.

  • Constantinople fell to the Ottoman Empire,

  • thus the book was closed

  • on the glorious history of the Roman Empire.

  • After 1,500 glorious years,

  • this is how the final days of the empire were ushered in.

  • Its demise came under the wrath of God.

  • The ancient Roman Empire rose up

  • and was founded for the spread of Christianity.

  • Its golden age was ushered in

  • by establishing Christianity as its national religion.

  • And the Roman Empire was destroyed

  • due to its persecution of Christians.

  • Although the Roman Empire faded from view

  • and exited the stage of history,

  • its mission as well as its development

  • and existence in human history

  • have had a profound influence on future generations.

  • It was a strong force for the spread of Christianity,

  • and it fueled the spread of Christian thought

  • and its deepening in people's minds.

  • Although ancient Rome's prosperity

  • is a thing of the past,

  • Christianity's influence on mankind has not ended.

  • It has nurtured and guided

  • generation after generation of people.

  • It is like a seed rooted deeply in people's hearts,

  • full of vitality.

  • It not only liberated people's thoughts

  • and drove the Renaissance,

  • but it also provided an entirely new direction and inspiration

  • for mankind's development in all walks of life.

  • This led to Europe's art, culture, and science

  • flourishing in unprecedented ways.

  • In the 17th century, the victory of the bourgeois revolution in England

  • led to the passing of the Bill of Rights,

  • establishing the principle of

  • parliament's supremacy over the monarchy.

  • As a result, England became the first constitutional monarchy,

  • opening up the age of mankind abolishing feudal monarchies

  • and establishing constitutional monarchies.

  • As the British constitutional monarchy was established,

  • France, Germany, Italy, and Austria all followed suit.

  • The bourgeois revolutions erupted,

  • and one after another feudal autocratic rule

  • in these countries was overthrown.

  • They set up their own constitutions

  • and established their own constitutional monarchies.

  • British industry and commerce flourished

  • after a new shipping route was opened,

  • driving the development of capitalism in the United Kingdom

  • and creating a huge demand for resources.