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Hi Bob the Canadian here.
You can see behind me that we have quite a
few clouds today.

So I thought I would do a video to help you
learn English and talk about rain and snow

- where rain goes after it falls and kind
of just teach you some English along the way.

So if you look up in the sky behind me you
can see that we have some dark clouds.

We could call these dark clouds.
We could call them rain clouds.
If they were a little bit darker I would probably
call them storm clouds, and two things fall

out of the sky, two kinds of water.
We have raindrops, so a raindrop is, is the
smallest little drop of water that falls out

of the sky.
And you can't quite see it but the other
thing that can fall is snow, and snow falls

as snowflakes.
So you can have raindrops that fall out of
the sky and you can have snowflakes.

There's a couple different kinds of rain
that falls out of the sky.

You can have a drizzle.
A drizzle is when hardly any rain is falling
out of the sky.

You can have a sprinkling.
You can say it's sprinkling outside.
When it's sprinkling outside it means that
even bigger drops are falling.

You could have a light shower.
A light shower would be when you almost need
an umbrella if there's a light shower.

And then you can say it's pouring rain.
And when it's pouring rain there is just
a lot of rain.

So if you look right here you can see puddles.
After it rains you end up with puddles which
are small pools of water that form on driveways,

in parking lots.
This particular set of puddles that is in
my driveway at home.

And puddles, they kind of stay until the sun
dries them up.

And we call that evaporating.
We say that the sun causes the water to evaporate.
So these puddles, they don't go anywhere.
The water doesn't flow anywhere, and we
just have to wait a few days for them to evaporate

or for them to dry up.
That's kind of fun!
So if you look way up there on my shed we
have what we call an eavestrough.

An eavestrough is a gutter, it's a trough
along the side of a building so that when

it rains the water goes from the roof into
the eavestrough.

From there - I'll zoom up a bit if I can
- from there you'll see that the eavestrough

is connected to a downspout.
I'm not sure I went high enough.
And the downspout takes the water down.
So this over here, this is the downspout.
This one just opens onto the ground.
On my house the downspout goes into a cistern
which is a place where you can store water.

So I'm, I'm standing out here along the

You can see the road over there, and this
right here is what we call a ditch.

So when it rains, when the rain hits the road
over there it flows off the road into the

ditch, and the ditch takes all that water
down the road usually to a stream or river,

we'll go look at that in a minute.
So a ditch isn't just something you'll
find along the road.

You'll also have ditches in fields.
So this is a small ditch in this field so
that the water has somewhere to go when it

So behind me here we have a small stream.
It's flowing underneath this bridge here
and you can see the stream has fairly fast

moving water and it's very shallow.
Streams are usually fairly shallow.
If it was summer and it was warmer you could
walk through the stream because it's only

about this deep.
So we would call this a stream, you can also
call it a brook.

And if you've ever heard the the term “a
babbling brook”, if I stop talking for a

minute here you'll be able to hear this
stream makes kind of a babbling sound so let's,

let's listen to it, not the car going over
the bridge.

So hopefully you could hear that a bit as
the water flows over the rocks, it's like

the stream is talking a little bit.
So behind me you'll see what we call a pond.
I'm not sure exactly how to describe a pond.
It's definitely bigger than a puddle, and
it's smaller than a lake.

So it's really just a small body of water.
So behind me you'll see a river.
A river is obviously a lot bigger than a stream
or brook.

Once the rain has fallen, and the raindrops
have flowed through ditches and streams, eventually

all of the water ends up in the river.
And rivers are really cool because people
can do recreational activities on a river.

You can go fishing on a river.
It's big enough that it will have fish.
You can go boating on a river.
You can go canoeing on a river.
So I was on my way to the lake and we're
still going there by the way, but I was driving

by this river, this is called the Grand River,
and I remembered that there was a couple of

things I forgot to mention about rivers.
One is the edge of a river is called the riverbank.
And sometimes the water in a river can rise,
and the water can go over the bank and you

can have a flood.
So a flood is when water goes where it's
not supposed to go.

Rivers do that quite often where the water
level will rise, especially in the spring

in Canada because everything melts.
So as all the snow and ice melts the water
rises in the river and sometimes it floods,

goes over the bank of the river and you have
a flood.

So let's, let's keep going so we can get
to the lake.

So behind me is a river and that river flows
into a lake.

You can see the pier behind me and a small

And way in the distance all of that water
is a lake.

This lake is called Lake Erie.
I'm going to walk out to the end of the
pier, as I'm walking out if you look back,

one of the cool things about lakes is they
often have a beach - a sandy beach.

So similar to the ocean, lakes sometimes have
a beach, obviously in the middle of January

no one's swimming, but there is a bit of
a sandy beach there where in the summer you

could come and wear your bathing suit and
go for a little swim.

You can also see there's a few waves coming
in, there's a few waves rolling in so lakes

are big enough that they have waves.
We're at the end of the pier now.
You can see the lighthouse, I'm just climbing
up a few steps here, and then I'll give

you a, a nice view of Lake Erie.
It's, it's big.
Here we go.
Are you ready?
So that's a lake.
So the biggest body of water is an ocean or
the sea, and I'm not really able to show

you that today because I don't live close
to the ocean or the sea, but eventually all

of the water from our rivers and lakes and
streams makes its way to the ocean.

I'm sure some of you live close to an ocean.
If you do maybe mention it in the comments
below that'd be really cool to hear if some

of you live close to the Pacific Ocean or
the Atlantic Ocean.

But anyways.
Bob the Canadian.
Learn English with Bob the Canadian.
Thanks for watching this video.
Don't forget to click the subscribe button
below and give me a thumbs up and share this

video with a friend if you know someone who's
learning English.

I think I'm just going to stay here for
a little bit and enjoy the view.

It's beautiful.
Sun's coming down.
It's hitting the water really nice.
And it's just a nice day out by the lake.
It's a little cold, but, it's Canada.
See you next week.
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Let's Learn English by Rivers, Lakes, and Streams | A Video to Learn English with Subtitles

307 Folder Collection
蔡天羽 published on January 11, 2019
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