Subtitles section Play video Print subtitles (upbeat music) - Hey Stark, how are you this morning? - Hey Parker, I'm doing just fine, how are you? - Fantastic, say, I wanted to ask you something, so I recently decided I wanted to tutor, you know, I really thought I could help others with their classes and and be an educational super hero, so to speak. Anyway, I was wondering if you could possibly help me out? - Sure, you know, I've only known you for a short while, but you do seem like you have a lot of potential. Why don't you go ahead and follow me up to my office in Stark Tower, and I can maybe give you a few tips. - Really, yeah, that would be great, I've always wanted to see the top floor of Stark Tower. This is so exciting. - Yes it is, very exciting. All right Peter Parker, before we make our way up to the top of Stark Tower, let's discuss a bit about what it means to be a tutor. I know this may seem obvious to you, but there's actually a lot that goes into being a tutor. - Absolutely, I completely understand, so just out of curiosity, what would you say that a tutor is? - Well, here's how I would put it, a tutor is someone who engages in a pure teaching and learning relationship with their students, within a structured and supervised educational context. In other words, a tutor is someone who works with students to help them succeed academically, by providing them with plenty of resources and skills, that would help them do well in their classes. - That makes sense, but how is that any different from what a teacher does, is there really any difference between being a tutor, and being a professor? - Actually, I'm really glad you asked that. There definitely are similarities. However, the key difference is that tutoring is sort of a peer to peer learning relationship, with one or more people. A professor teaches a class full of students, whereas a tutor helps individual students, who may be seeking assistance in their class. Another difference is that tutors work on a more personal level to try and get students not only to learn the material, but also to help them acquire the skills and tools to effectively learn the material on their own. Also, professors are experts in their field and tutors are not. Tutors are supposed to be very knowledgeable in their subject area they are tutoring for. However, they are not expected to be experts. - Okay, wow, light bulb that makes a lot more sense. - Great, let's go inside. All right, so something you may want to consider is the manner in which you may address a student, from a tutoring perspective. Let's try to consider a situation that you could potentially find yourself in. - All right, I'm listening. - Let's say that Charles Xavier is a tutor and has been tutoring his student Raven Darkholme for about an hour a day for the last five weeks in Intro to Psychology. Now, one day at the beginning of their meeting, Raven arrives late and looks very shaken. Her eyes dart about nervously and she appears to be very jittery. Charles of course has never seen her this startled before and begins expressing concern. A few minutes into the session, Raven starts complaining about how her shrink has changed her medication and says she stopped taking it and that she's having trouble feelings good at the moment. Raven continues to describe the situation in more depth, but her narrative is very fragmented and the more she talks, the more she becomes agitated. Charles realizes that their tutoring time is ticking away and that the medication she was referring to may be related to psychological treatment. What would you do in this situation if you were Charles Xavier? Do you think it would be an appropriate time to continue the tutoring session? - You know, I would safely assume that Raven may not be mentally stable in that moment and that it probably isn't the best time for her to be having the session. I personally would try to reschedule another time, maybe direct her to services on campus that might be able to help her. I think this would be much more beneficial than trying to proceed with the session. - Perfect that's actually a really great answer. I couldn't have said it better myself. Just keep in mind that situations like this may actually exist and as a tutor, you'll want to behave responsibly. Let's go ahead and hop on the elevator. There are six main goals that I want my tutors to focus on that I believe will help you develop the best practices for being a tutor. The first goal is to promote independent learning with your student. This is very important because we want students to acquire the skillset to learn independently without your help. You don't want to just explain everything to the student and give them all the answers because in doing so, they are never actually learning how to learn, which means they will always be reliant on you to do their work for them. We really want students to develop independent learning strategies, so that they can continue to be successful in all of their courses, not just the one that you're tutoring in. - That's a really good point. I actually always thought that tutoring was just a process of teaching material to the students. - Exactly and that's why I really want to stress that this is not what tutors should be doing. - Okay, I'll definitely remember that. - The second goal is to personalize the tutoring session when you are working with a student. You should understand that every student learns in different ways. We are all wired differently based on our genetics and most importantly based on our experiences, especially earlier in life. By the time a student reaches you and seeks for your help, they will be wired a very specific way based on their experiences from birth to present, so some students may be more visual learners, others may be more auditory learners or hands-on learners. Some students may study better in quiet environments and others may study with background music. The point I'm trying to make is keep in mind that every student is unique and your session should be planned and personalized based on what works best for them. - I guess I never really thought of things that way. People are very unique in so many ways. I'll have to keep that in mind. - Perfect, so the third goal is to implement multiple perspectives and insights when your student is trying to learn the material. Your objective as a tutor should be to look at the content from multiple angles, try to see how the student conceptualizes the information. Observe their methods of learning and then share new perspectives with them on how to approach learning the material. As a tutor, you're good at approaching and studying new material. Share this wisdom with your students, but most importantly facilitate the students insight into the learning process and remember the goal of the tutor is to provide opportunities and support students as they search for answers. - Definitely that makes a lot of sense. Oh, we're stopping, I don't believe this is the right floor. Someone must be getting on the elevator. - Well, hello Natasha. Parker, I'd like to introduce you to Natasha Romanov. Natasha, this is Peter Parker. Natasha is a close colleague of mine. - Nice to meet you Peter. - Likewise. - We were just talking about the six goals of tutoring. We actually just discussed the first three just now. - Oh yes, do you mind if I explain the other three? - Not at all, go right ahead. - All right, well, the fourth goal is to provide your perspective on learning and school success through the lens of being a student yourself. A part of being a tutor is establishing a peer to peer relationship. Remember that you have experience in the class. You've likely just recently taken the course and you have a lot of knowledge on how the class is structured. Relay this to your students. You know how the professor teaches the course. You know what they may be looking for on an exam. You know what is expected on class assignments. Keep that in mind. - Also keep in mind that if you haven't taken the course recently, you can always ask the professor if anything has changed or you can also talk to other tutors and mentors to gain more knowledge for your own sessions. - Very good point. The fifth goal is to respect individual differences. There are a lot of different people at IUPUI with a lot of diverse backgrounds, ideas, opinions and motivations. It is important that you have respect for everyone, no matter who they are and be mindful that many students will likely be very different than you. It should go both ways. The student should also respect who you are as an individual as well. If for whatever reason, a confrontation were to arise and the student disrespects you, be sure to inform your supervisor or program coordinator and they will assist you. - Absolutely, respecting people for who they are is very important to me. I'll definitely make an effort to treat my students with respect based on their individual differences. - That's great, I like to hear that. The sixth goal is to make sure that you are staying within your realm of tutoring. Stick to the job description. Remember that you're not a counselor, you're not a psychiatrist and you're not the professor. You are a tutor, know your limits. For example, if a student is having trouble with personal problems, it's not your job to help them with that. Refer the student to other resources offered on campus when they need help with something else outside of your job description. - Okay, so does that mean I should be familiar with all the resources on campus? - You don't have to have all resources memorized, but you should make an effort to know them or help the student find those resources by doing a simple web search if you don't know. - Okay that's actually very helpful. I wouldn't have thought to do that. - Great, so definitely try to keep these goals in mind. They will help you stay on track as a tutor. Well, it looks like this is our stop, let's go ahead and get off now. (upbeat music) - Welcome to the top of Stark Tower. You can actually look outside and see IUPUI from here. - This is way too cool. IUPUI looks amazing from this view. - These are two more colleagues of mine Wanda Maximoff and Bruce Banner. They along with Natasha are going to help you train to become a tutor. - Nice to meet you both. - It's good to meet you Peter. - We already discussed the six goals of tutoring on the long elevator ride up here and we also already discuss what it means to be a tutor. Now, we need to talk about something that we refer to as the tutoring cycle. Wanda, would you care to begin? - The tutor cycle is designed to help you organize your tutoring session and keep you on track. It's a 12-step process that should really help you plan for your session and keep things running smoothly. 12 steps is a lot to remember, so you don't necessarily have to memorize each step, but you should be familiar with them and be able to implement them in order during your session. I think you will actually find it to be quite helpful. The first step is to greet your student, make them feel comfortable coming to your session.