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  • Hey there!

  • Welcome to Life Noggin.

  • A lot of people have requested that I do a video on cancer, and i know it's a pretty heavy subject, but I think we can learn a lot.

  • Just reading up about it, I found that in the United States this year, an estimated 1.7 million people will be diagnosed with cancer and an estimated 600,000 people will die of cancer?

  • There will also be $5 billion spent funding the National Cancer Institute, which is the United States' main agency for cancer research and training.

  • With all that money being used in research, are we close to finding a cure?

  • It turns out that there are some newer treatments that seem promising, and we'll talk about those in a minute,

  • but first, what is cancer exactly?

  • It's important to note that cancer is not just one disease -- it's a term we use that

  • refers to a collection of over 100 diseases, including breast cancer, which is one of the

  • most common cancers in women in the United States, and retinoblastoma, a rare eye cancer

  • that usually affects children 5 years or younger.

  • Cancers start off when cells go bad, accumulating specific genetic mutations, dividing out of control, and evading death.

  • In most cancers, this can result in lumps, or tumors, that invade nearby tissue.

  • Most symptoms vary depending on cancer type.

  • For instance, skin cancer is often associated with abnormal growths on the surface of the skin, including bumps, discoloration, lesions, or changes to existing moles.

  • While indications for lung cancer include a persistent cough, shortness of breath, and chest pain, among others.

  • And each type of cancer may require a different treatment or cure.

  • To help fight it, you can use things like high doses of radiation, chemotherapy drugs, and targeted therapy.

  • But even with these methods, cancer cells can still find ways to hide or build a resistance to treatment.

  • Here's where the newer treatments and research comes in.

  • Earlier this year, a study performed on mice found two new ways that could overcome resistance to a certain targeted therapy drug.

  • The resistance seems to be caused by an increase in insulin, a hormone that regulates blood sugar.

  • The researchers found that when giving the drug in conjunction with either a high-fat, ketogenic diet

  • or with a common drug used to treat type 2 diabetes, they saw greater tumor shrinkage than with just the targeted therapy drug alone.

  • There's also a newer treatment method called immunotherapy, which helps the immune system fight cancer cells.

  • A recent study tested the effects of the immunotherapy drug pembrolizumab, also known as Keytruda, on patients with a common type of lung cancer.

  • This drug works by blocking a specific protein interaction that lets cancer cells instruct immune cells to ignore them.

  • Used in combination with chemotherapy, researchers found that patients were 51 percent less likely to die compared to chemo patients receiving a placebo.

  • Advancements like these in cancer treatment has helped patients live longer lives.

  • From 1991 to 2015, the rate of cancer related deaths dropped by a total of 26 percent, translating to over 2.3 million lives saved.

  • So, while progress may be slow, we are definitely moving in the right direction.

  • If you have any stories, or experiences related to this subject, and you feel comfortable with sharing,

  • let us know more in the comment section below!

  • Be supportive. Be kind,

  • and check out some links in the description for more resources.

  • Curious to know how schizophrenia affects the mind?

  • Check out this video!

  • Schizophrenia is described as a severe and chronic mental disorder that can affect different parts of a person's life, such as how they think, feel, and make decisions.

  • As always, my name is Blocko, this has been Life Noggin, don't forget to keep on thinking!

Hey there!

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