B1 Intermediate US 71 Folder Collection
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The Gospel According to John.
In the first video, we saw that
John wrote this book to make the claim

that Jesus is the Messiah, the Son
of God, the human embodiment of God's Word

and glorious presence who has
come to reveal who God truly is.

Then we explored how John
design the first half of the book

to demonstrate this claim.
Jesus performed miraculous signs
and make huge claims about himself

that He is the reality
to which Israel's entire history points.

And this all generates controversy ; however,
and the Jewish leaders
confront Jesus for all these claims.

And it culminated with Jesus laying
down His life for His friend Lazarus;

by going near Jerusalem to raise
him from the dead. Jesus sealed His fate.

And so once the plot to murder Jesus is set
in motion we come into the book second half.

The first part focuses
entirely on Jesus' final night

and last words to the disciples as He
tries to prepare them for His coming death.

Jesus performs the shocking act at dinner:
He takes on the role of a common servant
by kneeling down to wash their dirty feet;

something that in their culture a superior
rabbi would never do for his disciples.

And Jesus says it's
a symbol of His entire life purpose:

to reveal the true nature
of God as a being of self giving love.

And it's also a symbol of what Jesus
is about to do in becoming a servant

and giving up His life
to die for the sins of the world.

And so this act leads to His
great command to His disciples

that they are to follow Him by
loving one another as He has loved them.

Acts of loving generosity are
to be the hallmark of Jesus's followers:

this is what will show the world
who Jesus is and therefore who God is.

And from here Jesus goes into a long
flowing speech that's concluded with a prayer.

And you'll find the whole thing
is unified by a few repeated themes.

Jesus keep saying that He's going
away, which makes the disciples sad,

but Jesus says it's for
the best because it means

that He will send the spirit,
also known as The Advocate.

As a human Jesus can
only be in one place at a time,

but the Spirit can be Jesus' divine
personal presence in any place at any time.

And the Spirit will do
a number of things, Jesus says.

So remember for John,
the unique deity of the One God

consists of that loving unified relation-
ship between the Father and the Son.

Jesus says the Spirit is
that loving personal presence

that will come to live in His people
and draw them into the love
between the Father and the Son.

And so Jesus says
His disciples are the ones

who abide or remain in that divine love.
The way the branches
are connected to a vine.

He's describing here how the personal
love of God can permeate a person's life,

healing, transforming
and making them new, and there's more.

The spirit will also
empower Jesus' followers

to carry on His mission in the world.
To first of all fulfill
the Great command to love others

through radical acts of service.
But also Jesus says the mission is
to bear witness to the truth,

to expose and name the selfish sinful
ways that we as humans treat each other

and to declare that in Jesus
God has saved the world

through Him because He loves it.
He's opened up a new
way to become human again.

And so finally Jesus predicts
that there will be opposition,

just as the Jewish leaders rejected
Him, so his followers will be persecuted.

But He tells them not to be afraid
because He has already conquered

or gain victory over the world.
Now, what does Jesus mean
by victory here? He doesn't say.

But it leads us into
the final section of the book

where John shows us
what victory looks like: Jesus' style.

The Jewish leaders sent soldiers
to Jesus and His disciples to arrest Him.

And when the soldiers
ask which one Jesus is

He declares: "I am"
and they fall backward.

Now this is brilliant on John's part:
these words are the culmination
of two sets of seven instances

where Jesus has used that very phrase.
And it all highlights one
of John's core claims about Jesus.

The words "I am" are in Greek 'ego eimai',
the greek translation of the
Hebrew personal covenant name of God

that was revealed
to Moses back in Exodus chapter 3.

It was also repeated many times in Isaiah.
And John has strategically
placed seven moments in his story

where Jesus says: "I Am"
followed by some astounding claim:

"I am the bread of life;
I am the light of the world;

the gate for the Sheep;
the Good Shepherd; the resurrection;

the way, the truth
and the life; The True Vine."

And John's also designed seven
other stories that have key moments

where Jesus says simply
I am, echoing this divine name.

And so here, this
occurrence, as Jesus is arrested,

is the ironic climax of all of them
because Jesus reveals His divine name

and power and victory precisely
at the moment that He gives up His life.

After this, Jesus is put
on trial for His exalted claims

to be the Son of God
and the King of Israel:

first before the high priests,
and then before the Roman governor Pilate

who has to take seriously anyone
who's charged
with claiming to be the king of Israel.

And Jesus tells Pilate that:
"My Kingdom is not from this world,"

meaning that He is a king,
and His Kingdom is for this world,

but its radically different value
system; its redefinition of power

and greatness; none of this
is derived from this world.

Rather, they are defined by God's
character that Jesus has revealed

through His upside down
Kingdom, which is epitomized by the cross.

It's the place where
the world true King conquer sin

and evil by letting it conquer Him.
And Jesus gains victory over the
world, through an act of self giving love.

After this, Jesus body is placed
in a tomb that is then sealed.

And on the first day of the week, Mary,
and then later the other disciples discover

that the tomb is
strangely open and then empty.

And then Mary,
all of a sudden, she meets Jesus.

He's alive from the dead.
Now, the resurrection of Jesus connects back
to another pattern of sevens in John's Gospel

to all the way back
at the wedding party in Cana

when Jesus turned the water into wine.
John told us
that that was Jesus' first sign.

And he also identified the second sign
the healing of the sick boy in chapter 4.

But after this, John just lets
you keep count, and if you have,

you'll have noticed that the sixth sign
was the raising of Lazarus from the tomb

which Jesus performed
at the cost of His own life.

And so that, and all of the sign,
they point forward to this seventh

and greatest sign at the
culmination of the story:

Jesus' own resurrection from the dead.
It vindicates Jesus' claimed to be
the Son of God, the author of all life,

whose love has conquered death itself.
After the empty tomb, Jesus
then meets up with all the disciples

and He commissions them
by sending the spirit as he promised.

so that His mission from the Father
can now be carried on through them.

After this the book
concludes with an epilogue

that explores the ongoing
mission of Jesus' disciples in the world.

So, a number of them are fishing
and they're not catching anything.

And so Jesus appears to them on the
shore; they don't recognize Him though.

And he tells them to cast their
net on the other side of the boat.

And when they obey Him
they catch a huge amount of fish

and it's only then that they
recognize Him as Jesus.

Now John is offering here
a picture of discipleship to Jesus:

His followers will be
most effective in the world

when their focus
is not on their work as such,

but when simply listening for Jesus
voice and obeying Him when He speaks;

that's when they will truly
see Him at work in their lives.

After this, Jesus talks with
Peter and then commissions him

as a unique leader in the Jesus Movement
indicating that he, too,
will give up his life one day.

But in contrast to Peter,
the last moments of the story focus

on the author of this gospel:
the disciple whom Jesus loved.

And unlike Peter, his job was
not to lead the Jesus Movement,

but rather, to spend his long
life bearing witness to Jesus

so that others might believe in Him.
And that's actually
what he's done right here

by authoring this amazing story
about Jesus the Messiah, the Son of God.

And that what
the Gospel of John is all about.

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Read Scripture: John Ch. 13-21

71 Folder Collection
Quiet published on September 2, 2018
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