B2 High-Intermediate US 3549 Folder Collection
After playing the video, you can click or select the word to look it up in the dictionary.
Loading...
Report Subtitle Errors
Check out these two Saudi princes.
This one's the 57 year old crown prince,
And this one (the one doing all the hand kissing) is his younger cousin.
Listen to what the older cousin is saying:
He's being forced to give up his power and to pass the crown prince title
to his younger cousin, a guy who's almost half his age.
This is Mohammed bin Salman.
In the West we just call him MBS.
And since this moment in June he's consolidated power so swiftly and so thoroughly
that in Saudi Arabia they just know him as Mr. Everything.
As crown prince, MBS will become king
And with all of this new power, MBS is seeking to assert his dominance throughout the Middle East
One of his big policies has been a vehement opposition to Saudi Arabia's neighbor, Iran.
On that note he's found an ally in the White House.
Inside the kingdom, MBS is also seeking to cement his authority
and his dominance over the Royal Family.
Saudi Arabia's young crown prince arresting hundreds of his own cousins
Crackdown on corruption
11 princes and nearly 40 current or former officials detained,
reportedly being held at the lavish Ritz Carlton.
(Yes, if you're a Saudi Prince, "jail" is the Ritz Carlton.)
MBS called this a corruption crackdown and he branded himself as the financially responsible anti
corruption leader.
But we're talking about a guy who recently purchased one of the most expensive homes
in the world and who last year spent half a billion dollars on a painting.
He clearly had other motives for this crackdown beyond fiscal responsibility.
One thing to realize is that the Saudi royal family is made up of thousands of members
who use public money generated from oil revenues to fund their unthinkably excessive lifestyles.
So it wouldn't be hard for MBS
to crack down on anyone he wants to.
Coming into power, MBS' second big move
was to loosen the strict moral and social rules of the kingdom.
He stripped the religious police of their right to make arrests.
He expanded women's right in society including giving them the right to drive.
On the surface, these are progressive social reforms meant to modernize Saudi society.
But like the anti corruption crackdowns, the move is another effort to seize power.
Saudi society is built on a
sort of pact between the royal family – just called the house of Saud – and a vast religious establishment,
run by conservative Islamic clerics.
The clerics give the Saud family legitimacy, by giving them their blessing as rulers of the kingdom.
In exchange, the family allows the clerics to strictly enforce their uncompromising, puritanical
version of Islam within the kingdom.
This Faustian bargain means that Saudi princes, like MBS and others,
can live these indulgent lifestyles and make deals with the West,
but still retain religious legitimacy in the eyes of the public.
It's a balance that has kept the Kingdom stable in this very volatile region.
But now, MBS has violated his family's part of the bargain, arresting hard line clerics
who might speak out against his progressive reforms.
This could shake one of the foundational pillars of Saudi society.
The third way MBS is shaking up the kingdom is his plans for the economy.
The kingdom's revenue comes almost entirely from oil.
Demand for oil has remained solid for decades and Saudi Arabia reaped the rewards of that.
But in 2014, the price of oil started to drop.
And it became clear that betting the entire kingdom's economy on this one resource,
was a dangerous strategy for the future.
So MBS wants to end what he calls this “Oil Addiction,” in order to prepare for
a world after oil.
He's laid out a vision of privatizing a lot of sectors within the Saudi economy.
And breaking up this giant, government-owned oil business.
But this reform could also create more instability.
Thanks to the endless oil money, Saudi citizens are entitled to a lifelong set of benefits,
like free healthcare and subsidized housing.
But as MBS tries to privatize the economy
and move away from oil,
this subsidized lifestyle that so many Saudis enjoy
could be threatened and the public support that has kept this monarchy so solid for so many years
could begin to dwindle.
The kingdom of Saudi Arabia is on the brink of one of the biggest transformations in its history.
As this young leader consolidates power
to upend the status quo, he may also upend the
pillars that have kept the kingdom one of the more stable countries in the Middle East.
    You must  Log in  to get the function.
Tip: Click on the article or the word in the subtitle to get translation quickly!

Loading…

The 32-year-old prince who's shaking up Saudi Arabia

3549 Folder Collection
April Lu published on August 20, 2018    April Lu translated    Evangeline reviewed
More Recommended Videos
  1. 1. Search word

    Select word on the caption to look it up in the dictionary!

  2. 2. Repeat single sentence

    Repeat the same sentence to enhance listening ability

  3. 3. Shortcut

    Shortcut!

  4. 4. Close caption

    Close the English caption

  5. 5. Embed

    Embed the video to your blog

  6. 6. Unfold

    Hide right panel

  1. Listening Quiz

    Listening Quiz!

  1. Click to open your notebook

  1. UrbanDictionary 俚語字典整合查詢。一般字典查詢不到你滿意的解譯,不妨使用「俚語字典」,或許會讓你有滿意的答案喔