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  • Imagine waking up to a stranger --

  • sometimes multiple strangers --

  • questioning your right to existence

  • for something that you wrote online,

  • waking up to an angry message,

  • scared and worried for your safety.

  • Welcome to the world of cyberharassment.

  • The kind of harassment that women face in Pakistan is very serious

  • and leads to sometimes deadly outcomes.

  • This kind of harassment keeps women from accessing the internet --

  • essentially, knowledge.

  • It's a form of oppression.

  • Pakistan is the sixth most populous country in the world,

  • with 140 million people having access to mobile technologies,

  • and 15 percent internet penetration.

  • And this number doesn't seem to go down with the rise of new technologies.

  • Pakistan is also the birthplace of the youngest Nobel Peace Prize winner,

  • Malala Yousafzai.

  • But that's just one aspect of Pakistan.

  • Another aspect is where the twisted concept of honor

  • is linked to women and their bodies;

  • where men are allowed to disrespect women

  • and even kill them sometimes

  • in the name of so-called "family honor";

  • where women are left to die right outside their houses

  • for speaking to a man on a mobile phone,

  • in the name of "family honor."

  • Let me say this very clearly:

  • it's not honor;

  • it's a cold-blooded murder.

  • I come from a very small village in Punjab, Pakistan,

  • where women are not allowed to pursue their higher education.

  • The elders of my extended family didn't allow their women

  • to pursue their higher education or their professional careers.

  • However, unlike the other male guardians of my family,

  • my father was one who really supported my ambitions.

  • To get my law degree,

  • of course, it was really difficult,

  • and [there were] frowns of disapproval.

  • But in the end, I knew it's either me or them,

  • and I chose myself.

  • (Applause)

  • My family's traditions and expectations for a woman

  • wouldn't allow me to own a mobile phone until I was married.

  • And even when I was married,

  • this tool became a tool for my own surveillance.

  • When I resisted this idea of being surveilled by my ex-husband,

  • he really didn't approve of this

  • and threw me out of his house,

  • along with my six-month-old son, Abdullah.

  • And that was the time when I first asked myself, "Why?

  • Why are women not allowed to enjoy the same equal rights

  • enshrined in our Constitution?

  • While the law states that a woman has the same equal access

  • to the information,

  • why is it always men -- brothers, fathers and husbands --

  • who are granting these rights to us,

  • effectively making the law irrelevant?"

  • So I decided to take a step,

  • instead of keep questioning these patriarchal structures

  • and societal norms.

  • And I founded the Digital Rights Foundation in 2012

  • to address all the issues and women's experiences in online spaces

  • and cyberharassment.

  • From lobbying for free and safe internet

  • to convincing young women

  • that access to the safe internet is their fundamental, basic, human right,

  • I'm trying to play my part in igniting the spark

  • to address the questions that have bothered me all these years.

  • With a hope in my heart,

  • and to offer a solution to this menace,

  • I started Pakistan's and the region's first cyberharassment help line

  • in December 2016 --

  • (Applause)

  • to extend my support to the women who do not know who to turn to

  • when they face serious threats online.

  • I think of the women who do not have the necessary support

  • to deal with the mental trauma when they feel unsafe in online spaces,

  • and they go about their daily activities,

  • thinking that there is a rape threat in their in-box.

  • Safe access to the internet is an access to knowledge,

  • and knowledge is freedom.

  • When I fight for women's digital rights,

  • I'm fighting for equality.

  • Thank you.

  • (Applause)

Imagine waking up to a stranger --

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B1 US TED pakistan access honor family online

【TED】Nighat Dad: How Pakistani women are taking the internet back (How Pakistani women are taking the internet back | Nighat Dad)

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    林宜悉 posted on 2018/06/07
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