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  • Is it on? Yes, okay.

  • Hi guys, welcome back to English with Max. In this video we are

  • going to look at three meanings of the word "pretty". There are actually several

  • meanings of this word, but I don't want to confuse you, so today we are just

  • going to look at the three most important ones. As usual, remember that

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  • Just a small point on pronunciation. In British English normally you pronounce

  • the T like a normal T: pretty, pretty. In American English often the T is more

  • like a D: pretty, pretty. In Australian English - I'm Australian - we mix it up a bit.

  • Sometimes we sayprɪt.i", sometimes we say "/ˈprɪt̬.i/".

  • Okay, the first meaning of "pretty" is the one that you probably

  • already know. "Pretty" can be an adjective meaning attractive or pleasing.

  • It's particularly for things that are delicate or graceful. It can be used to

  • describe people, landscapes, houses, gardens, clothes and many other things.

  • When it comes to people, most of the time it's used for females,

  • so for girls or women. But it can also be used for males, particularly before the

  • word "boy". A "pretty boy". And a pretty boy isn't necessarily a child.

  • It can also be used for young men. Members of boy bands like Westlife,

  • the Backstreet Boys, One Direction, etc. are often described as "pretty boys".

  • I'm not criticising. Most people would probably say that I have

  • quite terrible taste in music, so I actually like bands like that. I'm just

  • telling you to give you an idea. Although I don't actually listen to One Direction.

  • I'm from a slightly older generation.

  • "Pretty" is usually used to describe something visually, in other words,

  • something you can see. But sometimes it is used for smells or sounds.

  • For example, you could say: That is a pretty song.

  • Or: That is a pretty perfume.

  • "Pretty" is similar to "beautiful", but it's usually not quite as strong as "beautiful".

  • "Pretty" can also be an adverb meaning "quite".

  • It's basically a more informal way of saying "quite" or "to some degree", but like I said,

  • it's informal. It's colloquial, so don't write it in academic essays.

  • For example: I was pretty tired after my exercise class.

  • The party was pretty good.

  • Don't lie to me, Frank. I know you pretty well now.

  • The sequel to the film Twilight wasn't horrible, but it was pretty bad.

  • The third main meaning is when it's used in the idiom "pretty much".

  • "Pretty much" is a colloquial way of saying "mostly" or "almost".

  • Here are some examples.

  • I've pretty much finished my homework, so I'll be able to watch Game of Thrones soon.

  • That means I've mostly finished my homework. It's almost done.

  • Frank spent a long time doing his hair, but it's pretty much the same as before.

  • I was at the beach for pretty much the whole day.

  • "Pretty much" can also be used alone to answer certain questions.

  • Then it means: "Yes, that's basically the case". Or: "Yes, almost."

  • For example: Frank, have you finished your homework?

  • Pretty much.

  • Are you telling me you spent the whole weekend watching The Bachelor?

  • Pretty much.

  • I hope you found that useful. If you did, please hit the thumbs up.

  • If you would like to practise using "pretty" in different ways, write me

  • some examples in the comments and I will try and correct them for you.

  • See you next time.

  • Ahhee...ah no.

  • ... give an i... give...

  • Like...

  • Adjec... spat a bit.

Is it on? Yes, okay.

Subtitles and vocabulary

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B1 AU pretty boy homework pretty pretty meaning finished informal

3 Meanings of PRETTY

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    Samuel posted on 2018/05/31
Video vocabulary