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  • It is time to officially recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel.”

  • The US has officially moved its embassy in Israel from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem, and in

  • doing so, President Trump

  • has reversed decades of consensus about the city's status.

  • While Israeli leaders celebrated,

  • Palestinians denounced the move,

  • deepening divides between two sides of a conflict that is 70 years old.

  • We're hearing live fire…”

  • Rising death toll…”

  • Quite a juxtaposition…”

  • Here are 5 things to know about Jerusalem and why it's so contentious.

  • Israel has controlled West Jerusalem since 1949.

  • During the Six Day War, Israel captured East Jerusalem and annexed that half of the city.

  • But the international community considers East Jerusalem occupied territory, whose fate

  • needs to be part of a negotiated deal between Israel and the Palestinians.

  • In 1980, after Israel passed a law declaring a united Jerusalem the capital,

  • the United Nations condemned the annexation.

  • Palestinians want to divide the city and make East Jerusalem the capital of a future

  • Palestinian state,

  • while Israelis want a unified Jerusalem to be their capital.

  • During peace process negotiations for the Oslo Accords,

  • the issue of Jerusalem was initially

  • set aside to avoid derailing the talks.

  • Any successful peace initiative in the future would likely need to resolve the conflicting

  • claims to the land.

  • Control of Jerusalem has been a trigger for violence many times in the past.

  • The contested area of East Jerusalem is home to some of the holiest sites in the world

  • for Jews and Muslims.

  • It is the site where Judaism's two sacred temples once stood.

  • And the site where the prophet Mohammed ascended to heaven.

  • The trouble is that the sites for Muslims and Jews exist on the same land.

  • There's a precarious power share in place.

  • Israeli officials control who has access to the complex.

  • But Muslims have religious control inside.

  • Jews can enter but aren't allowed to pray.

  • Instead, they use the Western Wall.

  • The second intifada began in 2000,

  • when then-opposition leader Ariel Sharon visited the Temple Mount

  • to assert Israel's right to the complex.

  • Palestinians protested and were met with tear gas and rubber bullets.

  • The violence lasted five years and killed more than 3,000 Palestinians

  • and nearly 1,000 Israelis,

  • with thousands more wounded.

  • In the early 70's, 16 countries had embassies in Jerusalem, including the Netherlands and

  • Colombia.

  • But after the UN Security Council condemned the annexation of East Jerusalem in 1980.

  • member states left.

  • Then, Trump signaled a change in policy,

  • and Guatemala and Paraguay also announced they

  • are moving their embassies to Jerusalem

  • And it's possible that more countries will follow America's lead.

  • Though Congress passed a law to relocate

  • the U.S. embassy to Jerusalem more than 20 years ago,

  • the law includes a loophole that allows the president to delay the relocation for the

  • sake of national security.

  • Every sitting president --

  • Clinton, Bush, Obama --

  • has used this power and signed the

  • waiver every 6 months.

  • President Trump signed the waiver in June 2017,

  • and again in December 2017,

  • but also

  • signaled he would begin the process of moving the embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem.

  • And in May of 2018, he carried out his pledge.

  • The embassy move came at an already a tense time.

  • Tens of thousands of Palestinians have spent the past few weeks holding protests on the

  • border between Gaza and Israel,

  • that weren't tied to the embassy move.

  • Dozens of Palestinians had been killed even before the embassy opened.

  • While President Trump was careful not to call Jerusalem anundividedcapital.

  • Israeli prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu said just that at the US embassy opening.

  • God Bless Jerusalem, the eternal undivided capital of Israel.”

  • But opposition to Trump's declarations and the embassy move has been growing.

  • And as lines are drawn and the fight for Jerusalem intensifies, the future of Israeli-Palestinian

  • stability is once again at risk.

It is time to officially recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel.”

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Why Israelis and Palestinians both claim Jerusalem

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    陳思源 posted on 2018/05/17
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