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  • You have made it to one of the most famous buildings in the world; the Eiffel Tower in Paris.

  • You are not the only one to see the tower though, as it is the most visited paid

  • monument in the world. An estimate of over 200.000.000 people has seen the tower, on

  • site, since its construction in 1889. The building is named after its main designer;

  • the French metallic structure expert and engineer, Gustave Eiffel. Eiffel had previously designed

  • multiple metallic structures such as several railway bridges and the armature for another

  • world known monument, the statue of Liberty. This time he had his eyes on construction

  • a metallic structure in the shape of a tower. What many people do not know is that the building

  • was originally planned to be in Barcelona, for the Universal Exposition in 1888, but

  • it was turned down as it was "too expensive and strange". Instead, Eiffel tried to build

  • it in Paris for the Universal Exposition in 1889, and this time the building was approved.

  • Fifty engineers produced over 5300 drawings of the different parts needed to build the tower.

  • The towers 18.000 metal parts were built separately in workshop and then assembled

  • on site by using more than 2.500.000 rivets. Even though the assembling was an extremely

  • dangerous procedure, without many of the modern safety precautions, only one man was killed

  • during the construction. The construction began 1887 and the tower stood finished March

  • 31, 1889. "The Iron Lady", as it is sometimes called,

  • has not always been the loved structure it is today. During its planning and construction

  • phase, many protested against the construction of the tower. Many called it an eyesore and

  • the papers were filled with angry letters from the arts communities in Paris. Even after

  • its construction the tower was highly controversial amongst the Parisians. One famous quote is

  • from novelist Guy de Maupassant, who hated the tower but still went to its restaurant

  • every day. When asked why, he said it was because it is the only place in Paris were

  • one cannot see the structure. Luckily for the Eiffel tower haters, Eiffel only had permit

  • to keep the tower for 20 years, after that it would be demolished. However, as the tower

  • proved valuable for telecommunication purposes, it was allowed to remain intact even after

  • the time had expired. As time passed, more and more people started to like the building.

  • Today, almost all Parisians love the tower. Through out the years, the Eiffel tower has

  • seen a lot. People have tied new weird parachute innovations (more or less successful), an

  • elephant have been on visit inside the tower and staircase races have been conducted. The

  • tower also experienced the German occupation of Paris during the Second World War. During

  • the occupation, the lift cables inside the tower were cut by the French. This to make

  • sure Hitler had to take the 1665 step stairs if he wanted to scale the top, since the proper

  • parts to repairs the lift were impossible to obtain during the war. When visiting Paris,

  • Hitler remained on ground. Thus it's said Hitler conquered France, but he did not conquer

  • the Eiffel tower. At the liberation of Paris in 1944, the Eiffel tower became of symbol

  • of liberty when a French flag, made of three bed sheets sawn together, was raised on the

  • top of tower. The building was at its time of construction

  • the highest tower in the world with its 312 meters. Today, the tower totals 324 meters,

  • as an antenna has been added to the top. The tower weighs a massive 10.100 ton. To prevent

  • the metal from rusting, the tower is covered with a protective paint. Even though it can

  • be hard to spot, the tower is actually painted in a three-tone variation paint, with the

  • lightest tone on top and darker the further down it goes. This is to make sure that the

  • tower compliments the Paris sky as good as possible. The tower needs to be repainted

  • every seven years, and as you can imagine, it takes quite some time and paint to finish

  • the job. Each repaint takes between 15-18 months to complete and around 60 ton is required.

  • If you haven't already, make sure to get a glimpse of the tower by night. By night

  • 20.000 light bulbs turns something amazing into something truly amazing.

You have made it to one of the most famous buildings in the world; the Eiffel Tower in Paris.

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    ABbla Chung posted on 2013/09/03
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