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  • - [Voiceover] Hi, everyone.

  • My name is David, and I'm here to introduce

  • you to Grammar on Khan Academy.

  • Welcome.

  • I'm so glad you could join me.

  • So, let's start by asking the question,

  • "What is grammar?"

  • What is this thing, why is it worthwhile to study it,

  • why would you wanna put up with listening to me?

  • Well, first of all, grammar is a set of conventions

  • and rules that govern language.

  • So what's the difference between a convention and a rule?

  • Well, a rule is kind of the bare minimum of what

  • it takes to make your language understandable

  • by other people, right?

  • So in order to make a car work, for example,

  • in order to make it move forward as intended,

  • the wheels have to go on the bottom instead of the roof.

  • That's a rule.

  • The idea that all cars should be painted teal, for example,

  • is a convention.

  • Now is that true that all cars should be teal?

  • No, not necessarily, but that leads me to my second point,

  • that grammar is context dependent.

  • The kind of grammar that you use

  • throughout your day changes.

  • It depends on who you're talking to,

  • what you're trying to say, and how you're trying to say it.

  • And so we use multiple kinds of grammar throughout

  • our days and throughout our lives.

  • Another thing you need to know is that you already

  • know so much grammar.

  • Just from living and existing in the world and

  • talking to other people.

  • You know how to put a sentence together.

  • If you can understand me, then you know

  • so much about grammar.

  • You know more than I can teach you.

  • What these videos are for is to give names

  • to the things you already know.

  • To give you a greater command of them.

  • And I want to say, too, that these videos are only

  • about a very specific kind of grammar.

  • It's called Standard American English.

  • But I want you to know that there are many Englishes.

  • And you know what?

  • They're all great.

  • They are all wonderful and vibrant

  • and important and special.

  • And what I do not want for you to take away from these

  • videos is that I'm trying to teach you what is right

  • and what is wrong.

  • If the kind of English you speak doesn't sound like the

  • kind of English I speak, that is okay, you know?

  • You are great.

  • What I want to do is give you the tools to harness language.

  • To harness English and use it

  • any way you want.

  • I mean, I'm saying I don't care what color your car is.

  • It could be pink, it could be green, it could be purple,

  • it could be paisley, you know.

  • I'm just trying to make sure your wheels are on straight.

  • You are a grammarian.

  • You have made a study of grammar throughout your

  • entire speaking and reading life.

  • And I firmly believe that you can learn anything.

  • Welcome to Grammar on Khan Academy.

  • David out.

- [Voiceover] Hi, everyone.

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Introduction to Grammar | Grammar | Khan Academy

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    廖芯琳 posted on 2018/02/05
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