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  • Rob: Welcome to 6 Minute English, where

  • we introduce a refreshing topic and

  • six related items of vocabulary. I'm Rob.

  • Neil: And I'm NeilAnd today we're

  • talking about waterthere's nothing

  • more refreshing than an ice-cold bottle

  • of water straight out of the vending machine

  • Ah!

  • Rob: OK. Refreshing in this context means

  • making you feel cool again after being hot.

  • So has that cooled you down, Neil?

  • Neil: Yes, I feel very refreshed now, thanks.

  • Rob: Can I ask you thoughwhy didn't

  • you just get a glass of water from the

  • kitchen tap? That water is cool and refreshing too

  • and it's free!

  • Neil: Well, I like this brand of bottled water

  • betterit's enriched with salts and

  • minerals that are very beneficial

  • to your health. Enriched means improving

  • the quality of something by adding to it.

  • Rob: Enriched!! Honestly, Neil!

  • Neil: It tastes better, Rob.

  • Rob: Yeah

  • Neil: And I'm not the only one who

  • thinks so. For the first time in the UK,

  • bottled water is more popular than cola.

  • In fact, can you tell me how many litres

  • of bottled water were sold in the UK in 2016?

  • Was it… a) 2.9 billion litres, b) 29 million litres

  • or c) 2.9 million litres?

  • Rob: Right. Well, I'm going to say

  • 29 million litres.

  • Neil: OK. We'll find out later

  • if you got that right or wrong. But seriously,

  • Rob, don't you think it's a good thing

  • that people are choosing to buy

  • bottled water at the supermarket

  • rather than fizzy drinks?

  • Rob: Yes, of course. But as I said to you

  • earlier, why don't people just drink

  • tap water? Let's listen to Natalie Fee,

  • founder of City to Sea, which campaigns

  • against plastic pollutionand of course,

  • bottled water causes a huge amount of that.

  • Here's Natalie now, talking about

  • how drinks manufacturers have

  • persuaded people that bottled water

  • is better for them.

  • Natalie Fee, founder of City to Sea: They

  • manufactured the demand for bottled water

  • and they spent millions of pounds on

  • adverts sort of scaring us off of tap water.

  • The bottled water companies set out

  • to make us believe that tap water

  • wasn't healthy. And yet,

  • tap water is way more regulated than

  • bottled water is, and in taste tests, tap water

  • comes up trumps most times.

  • Neil: If you manufacture something, you

  • make it in large amounts in a factory.

  • But here Natalie says the drinks companies

  • 'manufactured the demand for bottled water'…

  • Rob: Which means they made adverts

  • to persuade people that tap water wasn't

  • healthyand bottled water was.

  • Neil: HmmTo scare people off

  • What does that mean, Rob?

  • Rob: Well, if you scare somebody off,

  • you make them go away by frightening them.

  • So some advertisers may have suggested,

  • for example, that tap water

  • was unsafe to drink

  • Neil: Whereas bottled water was safer,

  • and tasted better too!

  • Rob: You're catching on! However,

  • Natalie Fee claims that tap water is more

  • regulated than bottled water is.

  • Neil: Regulated means controlled.

  • Natalie also says that in taste tests

  • tap water comes up trumps. What does

  • she mean by that?

  • Rob: Well, a taste test is where you

  • ask people to try several very similar products

  • without knowing which one is which, and then

  • you grade them according to which you

  • like the best.

  • And if something comes up trumps

  • it means it produces a good result, often unexpectedly.

  • Neil: So tap water comes up trumps, eh?

  • Rob: Yup. Perhaps you should try a

  • taste test now, Neil? It would be interesting

  • to see if your enriched bottled water

  • comes up trumps of not!

  • Neil: I tell you what, let's leave that

  • until later and hear the answer to

  • today's quiz question instead.

  • Rob: OK.

  • Neil: I asked you: How many litres of

  • bottled water were sold in the UK in 2016?

  • Was it… a) 2.9 billion litres, b) 29 million litres

  • or c) 2.9 million litres?

  • Rob: Yeah. And I said 29 million litres.

  • Neil: And the answer is… 2.9 billion litres.

  • Rob: Wow!

  • Neil: You can buy many different brands

  • of bottled water with a range

  • of price tags.

  • At the top end, there's water from

  • a 4,000 year-old Norwegian iceberg.

  • Rob: How much does that cost?

  • Neil: Around £80 a bottle.

  • Rob: As cheap as that? I'll pop out

  • and get some later. OK let's review

  • the words we learned today.

  • The first one was 'refreshing',

  • which means making you feel cool again

  • after being hot.

  • Neil: “I enjoyed a refreshing cup of tea.”

  • Rob: We British like to say that,

  • don't we? Though I don't understand how

  • a hot drink can be refreshing. OK

  • number two – 'enriched', which means improving

  • the quality of something by adding to it.

  • For example, “Did you know that many types

  • of breakfast cereal are enriched

  • with vitamins and minerals, Neil?”

  • Neil: No, I didn't, Rob. You learn

  • something new every day.

  • Number three is 'manufacture'

  • to make something in large amounts

  • in a factory. “This company manufactures

  • wellington boots.”

  • Rob: “I am a wellington boot manufacturer.”

  • That has a nice ring to it. Anyway, when you

  • scare someone off you make them go away

  • by frightening them. “The dog barked

  • fiercely and scared off the two burglars.”

  • Neil: Down, Rob, down!

  • Number five – 'regulated' – or controlled

  • for example, “The sale of tobacco

  • is tightly regulated by the government.”

  • Rob: And finallyif something

  • 'comes up trumps' it produces a good result,

  • often unexpectedly.

  • Neil: “My lottery ticket

  • came up trumps again! I can't believe it!”

  • Rob: You're a lucky man, Neil. OK

  • it's time to do that taste test now.

  • If you have an opinion on bottled water

  • or anything else, please tell us about it

  • on our Twitter, Instagram,

  • Facebook, or YouTube pages.

  • Neil: OK

  • This one definitely tastes better.

  • Rob: And how about this one?

  • Neil: Yeah, definitely.

  • Rob: That's the tap water, Neil.

  • Neil: No, no, no. I refuse to believe it!

Rob: Welcome to 6 Minute English, where

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B1 UK rob bottled water bottled water tap water tap

Learn to talk about bottled water in 6 minutes

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    Samuel posted on 2018/02/06
Video vocabulary