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  • There are two types of mindset we can cultivate: One that embraces problems as opportunities to learn, and one that avoids them often out of fear to fail.

  • People that avoid conflicts can be described as having a fixed mindset; those who see problems as interesting challenges have a growth mindset.

  • Sometimes we like to switch from one to the other.

  • People have a fixed mindset because they believe the basic qualities like intelligence or talents are fixed traits and that these traits are responsible for success.

  • They often like to document past achievements.

  • With a growth mindset, people believe that new abilities can be developed through practice.

  • This view creates the love for learning the most great leaders and artists have in common.

  • For them, life becomes an exciting journey with endless opportunity to figure out new things and advance.

  • To develop a growth mindset, Dr. Carol Dweck, the Stanford University professor who coined the term, advises leaders, teachers, and parents to celebrate trying.

  • Teachers should applaud students for any grade if they study hard; parents should encourage their children to develop any new skill they are interested in.

  • Doing this will make them learn the skill of learning, which will also help them back in the classroom.

  • To illustrate the difference in everyday life, let's observe two imaginary kids: Jay thinks you've either got it or you haven't; Ann knows that she can learn anything if she wants it enough.

  • At physical exercise, Jay avoids challenges.

  • When it's time to jump over the vaulting horse, he's afraid to look stupid and be laughed at.

  • Ann embraces any challenge. It's exciting, it's fun.

  • She knows that failing is part of learning, and if she tries hard, at the end, nobody will laugh at her.

  • Jay avoids feedback.

  • If the teacher tells him how to improve an assignment he has been working on, he takes it personally.

  • Ann knows that to improve, she needs to listen to constructive criticism.

  • She also understands that it's not her that is being assessed, but the results of her work on that one day.

  • Jay always take the easy road.

  • For example, he likes escalators and hates to take the stairs.

  • When he is practicing the guitar, he stops the moment he is getting stuck.

  • Ann usually doesn't even take escalators.

  • She jumps up the stairs count every step in her head and enjoys feeling the blood rushing through her veins.

  • She practices the drums every morning for 15 minutesnot that she always enjoys it, but she knows that effort is part of a journey to a more fun life.

  • Ann likes to see others succeed. It inspires her.

  • She knows that if she motivates her friends to get better, she herself is likely to grow, too.

  • If his friends try new things and succeed, Jay feels threatened.

  • He's afraid that their success will put pressure on him to do more with his life, too.

  • Modern companies look for employees with the growth mindset because they solve problems and persist despite obstacles.

  • To spot the right ones, some asked during the interview whether the job applicant believes if managers are born, or if management is a skill learned.

  • Jay thinks that managers are born; Ann gets the job.

  • Neuroscientists support the idea. They confirm that the brain grows like any other muscle in the body with training.

  • Studies show that adopted twins tend to have higher intelligence compared to their siblings who stayed with their biological parents.

  • The difference appears to come from the higher educational levels of adoptive parents and shows that nurture is more important than nature.

  • A simple switch in how a person views a situation can mean a world of differencenot just the outcome of that situation, the outcome of that person's place in life.

  • As the late poet Samuel Beckett once said, "Ever tried, ever failed, no matter. Try again, fail again, fail better."

  • What do you think about the concept?

  • Is it overly simplistic?

  • And if you buy the idea, do you believe it is possible to make a permanent switch from a fixed to a growth mindset?

  • Please share your thoughts in the comment section below.

There are two types of mindset we can cultivate: One that embraces problems as opportunities to learn, and one that avoids them often out of fear to fail.

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