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  • The filmmaker Georgesliès was first a magician.

  • Now movies proved to be the ultimate medium for magic.

  • With complete control of everything the audience can see,

  • moviemakers had developed an arsenal of techniques

  • to further their deceptions.

  • Motion pictures are themselves an illusion of life,

  • produced by the sequential projection of still frames,

  • and they astonished the Lumière brothers' early audiences.

  • Even today's sophisticated moviegoers

  • still lose themselves to the screen,

  • and filmmakers leverage this separation from reality

  • to great effect.

  • Now imaginative people have been having fun with this

  • for over 400 years.

  • Giambattista della Porta, a Neapolitan scholar

  • in the 16th century, examined and studied the natural world

  • and saw how it could be manipulated.

  • Playing with the world, and our perception of it,

  • really is the essence of visual effects.

  • So digging deeper into this

  • with the Science and Technology Council

  • of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences

  • reveals some truth behind the trickery.

  • Visual effects are based on the principles of all illusions:

  • assumption, things are as we know them;

  • presumption, things will behave as we expect;

  • and context in reality,

  • our knowledge of the world as we know it,

  • such as scale.

  • Now a fourth factor really becomes an obsession,

  • which is, never betray the illusion.

  • And that last point has made visual effects

  • a constant quest for perfection.

  • So from the hand-cranked jump cut early days of cinema

  • to last Sunday's Oscar winner, what follows are some steps

  • and a few repeats in the evolution of visual effects.

  • I hope you will enjoy.

  • Isabelle: "The filmmaker Georgesliès

  • was one of the first to realize that

  • films had the power

  • to capture dreams."

  • (Music) ["'A Trip to the Moon' (1902)"]

  • ["2011 Restoration of the Original Hand-Tinted Color"]

  • ["'2001: A Space Odyssey' (1968)"]

  • ["Academy Award Winner for Visual Effects"]

  • ["'Avatar' (2009)"] First doctor: How are you feeling, Jake?

  • Jake: Hey guys.

  • ["Academy Award Winner for Visual Effects"]

  • Second doctor: Welcome to your new body, Jake.First doctor: Good.

  • Second doctor: We're gonna take this nice and easy, Jake.First doctor: Well, do you want to sit up? That's fine.

  • Second doctor: And good, just take it nice and slow, Jake.

  • Well, no truncal ataxia, that's good.First doctor: You feeling light-headed or dizzy at all?

  • Oh, you're wiggling your toes.

  • ["'Alice's Adventures in Wonderland' (1972)"]

  • Alice: What's happening to me?

  • ["'Alice in Wonderland' (2010)"]

  • ["Academy Award Nominee for Visual Effects"]

  • ["'The Lost World' (1925)"]

  • ["Stop Motion Animation"]

  • ["'Jurassic Park' (1993)"] [Dinosaur roars]

  • ["CG Animation"]

  • ["Academy Award Winner for Visual Effects"]

  • ["'The Smurfs' (2011)"]

  • ["Autodesk Maya Software - Key Frame Animation"]

  • ["'Rise of the Planet of the Apes' (2011)"]

  • Chimpanzee: No! ["Academy Award Nominee for Visual Effects"]

  • ["'Metropolis' (1927)"]

  • (Music)

  • ["'Blade Runner' (1982)"]

  • ["Academy Award Nominee for Visual Effects"]

  • ["'The Rains Came' (1939)"] Rama Safti: Well, it's all over.

  • Maharaja: Nothing to worry about, not a thing.

  • ['Academy Award for Special Effects - (First Year of Category)"]

  • (Explosion)

  • ["'2012' (2009)"]Governor: It seems to me that the worst is over.

  • ["CG Destruction"]

  • ["'Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King' (2003)"]

  • ["Massive Software - Crowd Generation"]

  • ["Academy Award Winner for Visual Effects"]

  • ["'Ben Hur: A Tale of the Christ' (1925)"]

  • ["Miniatures and Puppets Bring the Crowd to Life"]

  • ["'Gladiator' (2000)"]

  • ["CG Coliseum and Digital Crowds"]

  • ["Academy Award Winner for Visual Effects"]

  • ["'Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows Part 2' (2011)"]

  • ["Academy Award Nominee for Visual Effects"]

  • ["Produced in conjunction with the Academy's Science and Technology Council."]

  • (Applause)

  • ["'It is today possible to realize the most impossible and improbable things.' — Georgesliès"]

  • Don Levy: Thank you.

The filmmaker Georgesliès was first a magician.

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【TED】Don Levy: A cinematic journey through visual effects (Don Levy: A cinematic journey through visual effects)

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    VoiceTube posted on 2013/07/08
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