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  • The book of 2nd Samuel. Check out the video on First Samuel where we were introduced

  • to the book's three main characters: Samuel, Saul and David and

  • then also to the book's literary design which first introduced Samuel and then

  • traced the rise and fall of king Saul in contrast to the rise of king David.

  • 2nd Samuel tells the story of David as Israel's King and in two movements;

  • there's a season of success and a blessing, followed by a huge moral failure and then sad consequences.

  • And then the book ends with this well-crafted conclusion that reflects back on the good and the bad in David's life,

  • generating hope for a future king to come from his line.

  • So 2nd Samuel picks up after Saul's death and David surprises everyone by composing this

  • long poem where he laments the death of the very man who tried to murder him.

  • And so once again the author is presenting David's humility and compassion;

  • he's a man who grieves the death even of his own enemies.

  • After this, David experiences a season of success and God's blessing. All of the Israelite

  • tribes they come to David then they ask him to unify all the tribes as

  • their king so the first thing David does as king, is to go to the city of

  • Jerusalem, he conquers it, and he establishes it as Israel's capital city

  • which he renames as Zion. And from there David goes on and he wins many battles

  • and expands Israel's territory. Now after making Jerusalem the political capital

  • of Israel he wants to make it their religious capital as well and so he has

  • the Ark of the Covenant moved into the city and then in 2nd Samuel 7, he

  • tells God now that Israel has a permanent home he thinks that God's

  • presence should also get a permanent house so he asks if he can build a

  • temple for the God of Israel but God says to David: "Thank you for that thought but

  • actually I'm going to build you a house, a dynasty." Now 2nd Samuel 7, this is a

  • key chapter for understanding the storyline of the whole Bible because God

  • here makes a promise to David that from his royal line will come a future king

  • who's going to build God's temple here on earth and set up an eternal kingdom

  • and it's this

  • messianic promise to David that gets picked up and developed more in the Book of

  • Psalms and also in the books of the prophets and it's this king that gets

  • connected to God's promise to Abraham. The future messianic kingdom will be how

  • God brings His blessing to all of the nations and it's right here in the midst

  • of all this divine blessing that things go horribly wrong. David makes a fatal

  • mistake. Not fatal for him, but for a man named Uriah. One of David´s prized

  • soldiers. So from his rooftop David sees Uriah´s wife Batsheba, bathing. David

  • finds her, he sleeps with her, gets her pregnant and then he tries to cover the whole

  • thing up by having Uriah assassinated and then marrying her. It is just horrible. So when

  • David´s confronted by the prophet Nathan about all of this, he immediately owns up

  • to what he's done. He is broken, he repents. He asks God to forgive him and God does

  • forgive him but, God doesn't erase the consequences of David's decisions. And so

  • as a result of this horrible choice David's family, his kingdom, and all falls

  • apart and makes this section a tragic story, much like Saul´s downfall.

  • So David´s sons end up repeating his own mistakes but in even more tragic ways so

  • Amnon sexually abuses his sister Tamar and then their brother Absalom

  • finds out about all of this and has Amnon assassinated and then Absalom goes

  • and he hatches the secret plan to oust his father David from power and he

  • launches this full-scale rebellion and so for a second time David is forced to

  • flee from his own home and go hide in the wilderness, except this time he is

  • not an innocent man. The rebellion ends when David's son is murdered. And it

  • breaks David's heart and so once again he laments over the very man who tried to

  • kill him.

  • David´s last days find him back on his throne but as a broken man

  • man, he's wounded by the sad consequences of his sin. The book concludes with a

  • well-crafted epilogue. With stories that are out of chronological order, but they

  • have this really cool symmetrical literary design. So the outer pair of

  • stories come from earlier in David's reign and they compared the failures of

  • Saul and then of David, and how each of them hurt other people through their bad

  • decisions. The next inner pair of stories are about David and his band of mighty

  • men, who went about fighting the Philistines and what's interesting is

  • that both sections have a story of David's weakness in battle, so in contrast

  • to the victorious David of chapters 1 through 9, here we see a vulnerable David, who is

  • dependent on others for help. The center of the epilogue has two poems that act

  • like memoirs, and David reflects back on his life and he remembers times when God

  • graciously rescued him from danger, and he sees these as moments where God was

  • faithful to His covenant promise to him and to his family. Both poems conclude by

  • looking back onto the hope of God's promise of a future king who will build

  • that eternal kingdom. Now these poems and then God´s promise also connect back to

  • Hannah´s poem that opened the book. And so these key passages from the beginning

  • now the middle and the end of the book bring the book's themes all together.

  • Despite Saul and David´s evil, God remained at work moving forward His redemptive

  • purposes. And God opposed David and Saul´s arrogance, but He exalted David when he

  • humbled himself. And so the future hope of this book reaches far beyond David

  • himself. It looks to the future to the messianic king who will one day bring

  • God's kingdom and blessing to all of the nations. And that´s what the book of Samuel

  • is all about.

The book of 2nd Samuel. Check out the video on First Samuel where we were introduced

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B1 US david samuel god saul king israel

Read Scripture: 2 Samuel

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    sophia posted on 2017/05/02
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