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• Hey guys, unexceptional rounder here and today I am going to teach you how to pull off big

• bluffs that have a high probability of success. Bluffing is a key step in mastering No-Limit

• Holdem. Knowing how to recognize a great bluffing opportunity will measurably increase

• your win rate. Get out a pen, paper or iPad and get ready to take some notes.

• What exactly is a bluff? There are really two different sorts of bluffs, the small bluff

• and the big bluff. Think of small bluffs as bets where no one seems interested in the

• pot, and the first person to shoot, takes it down. These bluffs are most commonly continuation

• bets, positional bets, or probe bets. Big bluffs are those times when someone else

• has shown aggression in the hand or clear desire to win the pot, but you think you can

• pressure them into folding. This can be done with little to no showdown value, but takes

• some practice to get the hang of. I want to finally talk about the most important

• bet in no-limit holdem. It is called a continuation bet, c-bet or barrel. Barreling

• or a double barrel usually refers to a c-bet, followed by another bet on the turn, so the

• c-bet is always your first barrel. These are all done when you are the last preflop raiser

• and you are the first to make a bet postflop. Before I go on to explain mathematically why

• this bet is so great and wins so much money let me tell you a little lesson that helped

• me as a young faun discovering the world of poker years ago. Just do it, if all else fails

• just make the continuation bet and worry about why it works later on.

• Now you know what to do; let’s discuss why it works. If you are playing against a single

• opponent post flop they will miss the flop about 65% of the time or two thirds (2/3),

• simply put, they miss a lot. Additionally, depending on the opponent’s preflop range,

• that 33% is sometimes middle or bottom pair, these hands won’t stand up to much aggression.

• Now that we know our opponent misses or can’t continue most of the time, what bet sizing

• makes the most money? Well, if our opponent was terrible we could just bet small when

• we miss and big when we hit, however observant opponents will pick up on this quickly.

• Usually two thirds the size of the pot works well. It isn’t so small that the bet looks

• weak, and we only need our opponent to fold 40% of the time to break even on the bet.

• Since the opponent will hit one pair or better only 35% of the time, we just need to cover

• that 5% spread. Between the times that we hit a hand and the times our opponent hits

• a very weak hand we can make a profit almost immediately.

• Something additional to note is that if we are playing the flop against two opponents,

• they BOTH will have nothing around 41% of the time. Because a bet into two opponents

• generally looks stronger than a bet into only one opponent I find betting around half the

• pot is usually sufficient to make opponents with weak hands fold, and because we only

• need to win using that bet about 33% of the time, we show an immediate profit.

• Here is some basic math you should have in the back of your head, if you don’t already

• know these numbers it is probably a good idea to jot them down. This way you can review

• them later or even use the notes while you play.

• A one half pot bet will show immediate profit when your opponent folds one third of the

• time. A two thirds pot bet will show profit when

• your opponent folds two fifths of the time. A full pot sized bet will show profit when

• your opponent folds one half the time. A one and a half times pot bet will show profit

• when your opponent folds three fifths the time.

• And a double the pot size bet profits when your opponent folds two thirds of the time.

• Keep in mind that opponents can read different bet sizes differently, but in general the

• more you bet the harder it is for your opponent to call.

• This is a checklist you can go through in your head or look at (hint: write it down)

• when considering a bluff. I would recommend having all 4 when you are

• just trying to figure things out, and the hand on the following slide should drive this

• point home. As always, position makes everything easier;

• your opponent being out of position will make them much less likely to call.

• What I mean by a believable hand is that all the action in the hand up to the point of

• the bluff should be able to represent at least a couple hands that would make sense to your

• opponent. If you just check down to the river then suddenly make a huge raise, it can be

• hard for your opponent to give you credit for a real hand.

• Having more money behind as well as another street of action will make your opponent fear

• seeing you pile on another huge bet, especially if you have position, because they will be

• forced to act first on the next street. In general when looking at this list, the

• turn is often a good spot to make your bluffs. In addition to usually having money behind,

• and another street, the draws your opponent may have flopped have much worse odds on the

• turn, they will be forced to fold more hands on the turn then they would have on the flop.

• Using the information I just discussed let’s look at a hand and see if we can identify

• an opportunity for a great bluff. The hero is on the button and opens with ten

• nine off suit; the villain is in the small blind and makes a 3-bet which hero calls in

• position. 885 rainbow flop is likely to have missed everyone. The tight aggressive villain

• makes a standard continuation bet so hero makes a call in position with plans to take

• the pot away on the turn (this is commonly known as a float). A Jack comes on the turn

• giving hero an open ended straight draw. That means 8 outs to make what could be a second

• best hand, and one street to hit. Hero’s chances of hitting are about 16%. When villain

• bets \$8 into a \$12 pot or about two thirds pot which is a standard bet size hero calls

• getting 2.5:1 on 6:1 odds, this is not a profitable call to hit the straight. On the river villain

• shows some weakness by checking, hero takes the opportunity to fire out almost a pot sized

• bet \$26 into a \$28 pot. The villain doesn’t think hero has the goods so he calls with

• a pair of 7s and takes down a pot over 300 big blinds in size, the hero is crushed. What

• went wrong? Was this just a bad spot for a bluff or maybe villain is just a terrible

• poker player and hero should tell him in the chat? What if the hand was a perfect opportunity

• to bluff but hero just executed it incorrectly? After this hand hero should probably give

• up on bluffing altogether. Ok let’s rewind and see if we, knowing all

• of this information on bluffing can figure out where the hero went wrong.

• When hero calls on the flop villain can put him on a wide range of hands that include

• monsters like 78, 55, 89, as well as air hands like KQ. It is clear that hero has air here

• more than he has a monster hand. With that in mind when villain bets the turn he still

• can have a wide range but it starts to look more like a made hand. If hero had a set here,

• he would usually be making his move on the turn to set up the all in shove on the river.

• Now let’s go through the checklist to see if this big turn bluff hits all the items.

• You wrote down the checklist right? 1. Be in Position? Yup

• 2. Believable hand? Does a turn raise make sense for a big hand? Flat call the dry flop

• and raise the turn, sure that’s how a lot of players would play trips or better here.

• 3. Money behind? If hero makes a pot size raise to \$28 he still has about \$50 behind,

• after villain calls he would have \$24 behind knowing that he will usually have to put the

• rest of his stack in on the river which incidentally covers item #4, we do have another street

• to put money in. Now I don’t know about you but calling this turn with 77, knowing

• I am getting another buy in size pile of chips in my face on the river is a pretty tough

• spot. It looks like this is a great opportunity

• for a bluff. We have everything we can working in our favor. Now if we get looked up by pocket

• sevens we can say we had everything in place made our move and got called, make a note

• and move on without worrying too much. The way our hero (which was me if you didn’t

• know) played this hand the first time justifies a call on the river so all we learn is that

• our opponent can read hands and it cost us over 3 buy ins to figure that out.

• Bottom line here is if you are in a good spot, go through your checklist and make your move,

• if it doesn’t work make a note and move on, poker is a learning experience and you

• have to try things out to see how they work. If you don’t know the answer to the question

• click on it and re-watch the segment, you have to get this stuff down to learn and improve!

• Question 1 – What is the most common small bluff, and why does it work so well?

• Question two how often do you need your opponent to fold if you make a bluff that is 2/3 the

• size of the pot? Question 3 – what are the four factors that

• will greatly increase your chances for success when bluffing?

• Congrats on making it to the end, if you understand all the information in the video you are now

• a much tougher opponent to face at the no limit tables, I hope you enjoyed the video

• and learned something, questions will be answered in the comments section below, if you made

• it this far please hit the like button, if you like learning about poker you should probably

• subscribe. This is unexceptionalrounder until next time, keep on grind’n.

Hey guys, unexceptional rounder here and today I am going to teach you how to pull off big

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How to Bluff in Poker - Texas Holdem Poker Strategy - Bluffing Lesson

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Hoàng Hùng posted on 2017/04/11
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