## Subtitles section Play video

• This video is going to be about the commutative, associative and distributive

• properties.

• Basically these things are common sense, and you probably know them already.

• Probably the only hard part is remembering the names for them.

• The commutative property says that if you have 2 numbers...

• let's say 5 and 10...

• you can add them in two different ways. You can either say '5 plus 10'

• or you can say

• '10 plus 5'

• Kinda makes sense.

• The same thing will work for variables.

• So if you have x plus y

• that would be the same as y plus x.

• So why is it called commutative?

• Well, when two things commute, when people commute, like if they commute to work

• they move, they change places,

• and what we're doing is we're taking these numbers, the 5 and the 10,

• for instance, or the x and y

• and we're changing their places.

• So this is the commutative property of addition

• because we're dealing with addition.

• We've also got a commutative property of multiplication

• and all that says

• is if we have two numbers, let's use 5 and 10 again

• we can say 5 times 10

• or we can say

• 10 times 5

• and and we'll get the same results either way.

• And if we have variables

• we can say x times y

• or we can say

• one times x

• y times x.

• All that's happening is the numbers or the variables are moving,

• they're changing places and so they're communicating,

• and this becomes the commutative property.

• Okay so we have the commutative property of addition

• and the commutative property of multiplication.

• Let's go on to the associative property.

• So

• Let's say we have three numbers, let's say we have

• 2

• and 3 and 4, and we want to add them.

• Well we could either add

• the 2 and the 3 together first

• and then the 4,

• or we could take the same three numbers,

• 2, 3 and 4,

• we can add the 2

• to the sum of the 3 and the 4.

• and we're going to get the same result either way.

• When things associate, when you have an association of people, you have groups of people,

• so this is the associative property of addition.

• Once again it will also work for variables.

• So I could have

• x plus y

• in parentheses

• plus z

• and that would be the same as

• x

• plus

• and then my parentheses

• y plus z.

• You realize, it's pretty obvious these things are equal.

• Okay, and that's the associative property of addition,

• associative because

• these things are forming associations,

• they're forming little groups.

• We also have an associative property of multiplication,

• and all that says is that if I have

• 2, 3 and 4 and I want to multiply them,

• I could multiply 2 times 3 first

• and then multiply that result by 4

• or 4 could take 2, 3 and 4

• and

• multiply the 2

• times the product of the 3 and 4.

• Once again these things will be exactly the same,

• and once again we can do the same thing with variables.

• So I can have x times y

• times z,

• and I can multiply the x and y first

• and then multiply the product times z,

• or I could have x

• and y and z,

• and multiply the x

• by the product

• of y and z.

• So this is the associative property of multiplication. Once again i think this

• is common sense and you probably knew it already.

• So the last property

• is called the distributive property of multiplication over addition, which is a

• great name. Here's all it means...

• let's say I've got

• 2

• and I want to multiply that by

• 3 plus 4.

• Well, what the distributive property tells me is that I can distribute this

• multiplication, the 2 times something,

• to whatever is in the parentheses.

• So I'm going to distribute the '2 times' to the 3

• and distribute it to the 4.

• 2 times 3,

• let's just write that as '2 times 3'

• I'll take my plus sign and then 2 times 4.

• Carrying out this multiplication

• I'm going to get 2 times 3 is 6,

• plus 2 times fo4r is 8

• and that's going to be equal to 14.

• The other way I could have done this, the way you might have been thinking, is I could take

• 2 times

• 3 plus 4, add the 3 and the 4 together,

• in other words, turn this into

• 2 times ... 3 plus for is 7 ...

• and 2 times 7 is 14. Either way I get the same answer.

• So the distributive property of multiplication over addition

• says that if I'm multiplying

• a number or variable

• times

• the sum

• of numbers or variables...

• that's what's in this parentheses here...

• what I can do is multiply that number times each of the parts of that sum

• separately, and I can have more than two parts here,

• so in other words I could have something like

• 3 times

• let's say 4

• minus

• let's use a variable, 2x

• plus

• 5y

• and to distribute this multiplication what I'm gonna do is take the 3 times

• the 4,

• and that's going to get me... 3 times 4 is 12,

• I take the 3 times the negative 2x,

• so I have negative 6x,

• 3 times the 5y

• so that will give me a positive

• 3 times 5 is 15.

• Okay, and the result I get from distributing this 3

• over this

• 4 minus 2x plus 5y

• is going to be this 12 minus 6x plus

• 15y.

• And that's it for that for those properties.

• Take care, I'll see you next time.

This video is going to be about the commutative, associative and distributive

Subtitles and vocabulary

Click the word to look it up Click the word to find further inforamtion about it

# Commutative, Associative and Distributive Properties 1-1

• 43 5
Yrchinese posted on 2017/02/04
Video vocabulary