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  • After a year of dramatic referendums and political upsets, it is clear that 2017 will be a serious

  • change of pace for the Western world.

  • The five largest western economies, being the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany,

  • France, and Italy, have all seen big changes in their governments within the last year.

  • And only one member: Germany has any chance of keeping its current leader.

  • So, who exactly are the new Western leaders of 2017?

  • Well, first let’s take a look at who is leaving their role as head of government.

  • In the United Kingdom, a referendum to separate from the European Union passed, causing Prime

  • Minister David Cameron to step down after supporting the effort to stay.

  • The United States has seen a dramatic shift of ideology from Democratic president Barack

  • Obama to Republican Donald Trump in the 2016 election.

  • In France, current President Francois Hollande (Fran-zwa - Holand) has said he will not seek

  • re-election in 2017, following his tenure as one of the most unpopular presidents in

  • French history.

  • And in Italy, Prime Minister Matteo Renzi tendered his resignation after a referendum

  • on consolidating power in government didn’t pass.

  • Even German Chancellor Angela Merkel is seeing some of her lowest approval ratings in five

  • years, around 45 percent.

  • This sweeping change in the highest reaches of global politics reflects one, ongoing theme;

  • populism.

  • Many of the the newest leaders, or potential leaders are either further right than their

  • predecessors, or rapid departures from the past few years of rule.

  • The new UK Prime Minister, Theresa May, is of the Conservative Party, just like Cameron.

  • However she did not push as hard to stay in the EU, and is considered anti-immigration,

  • with her administration floating plans to force companies to create lists of foreign

  • workers in their employ, an idea which some are callingracist”.

  • In the United States, President-elect Donald Trump is supported by the growing alt-right,

  • which has been associated with white supremacy, and even fascist sentiments.

  • While French President Hollande, of the Socialist Party, has not yet left office, the primary

  • opposition frontrunner for the April 2017 election is center-right leaning François

  • Fillon, who has been described asthe right of the right”.

  • Polling behind Fillon is Marine Le Pen, leader of the National Front, a nationalist, anti-immigration

  • party that has been called racist and antisemitic.

  • As for Italy, the new Prime Minister, Paolo Gentiloni is of the same Democratic Party

  • as the former PM.

  • The country will likely see a new election in or before 2018..

  • However, the failure of the referendum that ousted Renzi pointed to the growing popularity

  • of the Five Star Movement, a populist, anti-establishment, Eurosceptic party, which has said it is neither

  • left nor right wing.

  • Still, the party’s presence and success is a strong deviation from traditional Italian

  • politics.

  • But there are still parts of the world where the opposite is happening.

  • Austria, for example, will see a new left leaning candidate as President, Alexander

  • Van der Bellen, after years of centrist rule.

  • His defeated opponent, Norbert Hofer, is considered a far right nationalist, and has said that

  • Islam has no place in Austria, and that the country would hold a referendum on independence

  • is Turkey was allowed into the EU.

  • Austrian voters rejected this narrative in what has been called “a heavy defeat of

  • nationalism and anti-European, backward-looking populism.”

  • Still, for most major Western powers, 2016 saw the unprecedented, and by many accounts

  • unexpected rise of anti-establishment sentiments..

  • Although there are still more elections to be held in 2017, this changeover represents

  • a break in the status quo for much of the world.

  • Brexit, the election of Donald Trump, Italy’s Five Star Movements and many other recent

  • political shake-ups are all a result of populist sentiments.

  • But what even is populism?

  • Find out in this video.

  • In Europe, it's generally more popular on the ideological right, which believes that

  • socialists or left-leaning policies negate the collective will of the people.

  • This was the idea behind the 2016 Brexit referendum.

  • thanks for watching Seeker Daily!

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After a year of dramatic referendums and political upsets, it is clear that 2017 will be a serious

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Who Will Lead The Western World In 2017?

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    むなかた じゅん posted on 2017/01/09
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