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  • (organ grinder music)

  • - Oh, hello there, young man

  • or lady.

  • Let me tell you the story of one of your favorite

  • websites as I knew it back in my day.

  • It's story time.

  • SoYouTube is a phenomenon

  • that we have all come to love.

  • For many of us, it's not only a site that we use

  • to learn things, like how to fix the sink,

  • but it's also the site where we consume

  • most of our entertainment.

  • But even though many of us have made

  • this website part of our everyday lives,

  • very few of us know about its origins

  • or just how big it really is today.

  • So, today, I'm going to give you some

  • little-known information about the website

  • that you've come to love so much.

  • So, here it is.

  • 10 fascinating facts about YouTube

  • you didn't know.

  • Number one is stats and traffic.

  • There are more than 1 billion unique users

  • that visit YouTube every month,

  • so it's no wonder that billions of hours

  • of video get watched daily,

  • making YouTube the Internet's largest

  • video hosting website.

  • But what really makes YouTube unique

  • is that many of the same people that are consuming

  • this insane amount of content

  • are the same people creating it.

  • In fact, more than 300 hours of video are uploaded

  • to YouTube every minute.

  • To put that into context, the amount of video

  • uploaded to the website every month is more than

  • the three major U.S. television networks have created

  • in the last 60 years.

  • While YouTube was created and is hosted in the U.S.,

  • more than 80% of traffic that comes to the website

  • is from outside of the U.S.,

  • meaning that all of those views allow people like me

  • to make a living off of what they love,

  • which is making videos.

  • So, thank you for watching no matter

  • where it is: at home, at work,

  • on your phone on the toilet.

  • Some of you are watching this video

  • right now on the pooper.

  • I know.

  • Number two is origins.

  • YouTube was founded in February of 2005

  • by three early PayPal employees:

  • Steven Chen, Chad Hurley and Jawed Karim.

  • Hurley joined the other founders

  • after he read an article about the startup

  • in Wired magazine.

  • He emailed them about a job,

  • after which he was brought on to design

  • the logo for the company,

  • which is still used today.

  • Interestingly, the initial seed money for YouTube

  • came from when eBay bought PayPal

  • and provided bonuses to the three guys.

  • When it started to become popular,

  • the choice of the name YouTube.com

  • became a huge problem for a similarly named

  • website UTube.com.

  • The site's owner, Universal Tube & Rollform Equipment

  • filed a lawsuit against YouTube in November of 2006

  • after being regularly overloaded by people

  • looking for the site.

  • Universal Tube has since changed

  • the name of their website to UTubeOnline.com.

  • Could you imagine if any of the viral sensations

  • that happened now occurred back then?

  • That would be pretty confusing.

  • "Hey Jimmy, this guy's emailing me

  • "about a Harlem Shake.

  • "Do we carry one of those?"

  • Number three is YouTube as a dating service.

  • Not many people know that YouTube

  • actually first started as a video dating service.

  • Originally called Tune In and Hook Up,

  • the website was heavily influenced

  • by the website Hot or Not.

  • Although it operated in the same fashion,

  • the three founders decided not to go

  • with the dating site idea,

  • but decided to keep the video portion of it.

  • Then, two important events occurred

  • that forever shaped what we would come to know

  • as YouTube.

  • The first event was when Karim was unable to find

  • the infamous Janet Jackson

  • wardrobe malfunction video online.

  • The second event was when Hurley and Chen

  • were unable to share a video from a dinner party

  • with friends due to the email attachment limitations

  • that still exist today.

  • These two important events made the founders realize

  • that there was a huge untapped potential

  • for video sharing online,

  • and they decided to fill that need.

  • I love how honest they are

  • about how the website started, too.

  • "Well, I couldn't find the titties I wanted to see

  • "online, so I started a website that I could use

  • "to watch them titties."

  • Number four is humble beginnings.

  • YouTube offices are known for being cool places

  • full of free food, drinks,

  • and awesome facilities for employees,

  • but the original YouTube office, created in 2005,

  • was anything but glamorous.

  • In fact, Chad Hurley's garage was the foundation

  • for the first-ever YouTube office.

  • They started off slow,

  • but eventually in 2006 were able to move

  • into an office space above a pizzeria

  • near San Mateo, California.

  • It was there that they hired the first 20 YouTube employees

  • all eager to be a part of something

  • exciting and new.

  • Surprisingly, and embarassingly,

  • in an attempt to popularize the site,

  • the company offered $100 to attractive girls

  • who posted 10 videos or more on the site.

  • Yeah, that's kinda creepy.

  • The advertisement was even placed on Craigslist

  • but was completely ignored,

  • leaving YouTube with no responses.

  • What is it about tech nerds and garages,

  • inventors and garages,

  • and bands and garages?

  • I guess if you need to solve something,

  • you just go sleep in your garage.

  • (snap) Boom.

  • Done.

  • Number five is now and then.

  • Before 300 hours of video was being uploaded

  • to the site every minute,

  • it all started with just one,

  • a 19 second clip called "Me at the Zoo."

  • Shot by Yakov Lapitsky, a friend of Jawed Karim,

  • it shows Jawed at the San Diego Zoo

  • in front of an elephant enclosure

  • talking about how long their trunks are.

  • Since its upload on April 23, 2005,

  • it has gained a whopping almost 19 million views.

  • It's the only video on Jawed's channel,

  • yet that channel has gained over 70,000 subscribers.

  • In 2008, Jawed launched a venture fund

  • called Youniverty Ventures,

  • which helps current and former university students

  • realize their business ideas.

  • However, Jawed still remains interested in YouTube

  • and even spoke out agains the Google+ integration

  • in 2013 that requires users to have a Google+ account

  • in order to comment on videos,

  • which is something everyone loved so very much.

  • Well, the first YouTube video may have been basic,

  • but at least he wasn't twerking or something.

  • Those were simpler times.

  • Number six is YouTube's purchase.

  • Within just one year of being launched,

  • YouTube became a very popular video sharing site.

  • This got the attention of Google

  • who saw the potential that online video had,

  • and in October of 2006, Google bought YouTube

  • for $1.6 billion in stock

  • from the three founders only 18 months

  • after the site's creation.

  • This worked out quite well

  • because the founders were just as interested

  • in selling the website as Google was interested

  • in buying it.

  • At the time, YouTube had been in multiple legal battles

  • with several media companies

  • over copyright infringement lawsuits.

  • Another reason that the founders

  • were so eager to sell it was that on top of the lawsuits,

  • despite its popularity, YouTube was losing money

  • at a rate of $500,000 a month.

  • Of course, Google doesn't enter any business arrangement

  • with the intention of losing money,

  • so they were the ones to introduce

  • advertising on the platform.

  • Since that purchase, YouTube has grown

  • exponentially, year over year,

  • making it the second biggest search engine

  • just behind Google.com.

  • So, in other words, Google has a monopoly

  • on Internet search.

  • No Microsoft.

  • Don't say Bing.

  • Shut, shut your mouth.

  • Shut your mouth.

  • No one uses it.

  • It's never gonna be a thing.

  • Just stop.

  • Number seven is milestones.

  • You may be curious as to some

  • of the firsts, or milestones on YouTube,

  • so here's some notable ones.

  • The first ever YouTube video to hit

  • 1 million views was Brazilian soccer star

  • Ronaldinho's Nike ad called "Touch of Gold"

  • after it went viral in 2005.

  • In 2006, NBC became the first traditional media company

  • to strike a deal with YouTube

  • to put their content on the site.

  • In 2007, YouTube launched the Partnership Program,

  • which allowed people to get paid

  • for the content that they upload

  • to the site, which of course, changed everything.

  • In April of 2009, YouTube and Vivendi

  • teamed up to launch the new music video

  • service called Vevo.

  • In November of 2009,

  • high-definition video was

  • finally enabled on the site.

  • In 2010, YouTube began offering movies

  • for rent on the site.

  • In 2011, YouTube Live was created to enable

  • the website to stream everything

  • from concerts to news coverage.

  • And of course, as of today, there are thousands

  • of YouTube partners making a living

  • off of the site.

  • It's a good living, as long as you can get past

  • the troll comments.

  • I know I'm bald, ok, damn! (loud crying)

  • Number eight is research.

  • Over the years, a lot of research has been done

  • on Youtube, its success, and how it's affected culture.

  • But, despite all the research collected,

  • it's still not known what makes a video

  • go viral, although humor,

  • genuine emotion, and the human experience

  • all seem to be the most appealing factors.

  • In fact, research concluded that "going viral"

  • is not a strategy, but instead, an outcome.

  • They also found that the success of YouTube

  • came down to four key factors.

  • The service offers video recommendations

  • via the "related video list."

  • Next, is that users can easily share videos

  • and embed videos on popular websites.

  • The third is that there's a sense of community

  • and interactivity on the site.

  • And, finally, of course, the incentive

  • of the partnership program.

  • Of course, if there was a fifth,

  • it would be cat videos.

  • A staple of any successful video sharing site, my friends.

  • Number nine is sharing.

  • YouTube was, in fact, not the first video sharing website.

  • Started in 1997 by Chase Norlin,

  • ShareYourWorld.com was the first-ever

  • video-sharing website.

  • It was designed to watch and share video