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  • US President-elect Donald Trump said the United States did not necessarily have to stick to

  • its position that Taiwan is part of "One China”.

  • This is one of the most controversial assertions by him, and has the potential to start hostilities

  • between two of the most powerful nations in the world.

  • In this video, Defense Updates looks into the One China policy in details, analyzes

  • the key aspects, and examines its potential to even result in war between the 2 nations.

  • The policy can be traced back to 1949, and the end of the Chinese civil war.

  • The defeated Nationalists retreated to Taiwan and set up their own government, while the

  • victorious Communists declared the People's Republic of China.

  • Both sides said they represented all of China.

  • One China policy is the diplomatic acknowledgement of the Chinese position that there is only

  • one China in the world, and Taiwan is a part of that China.

  • Under the policy, the US has formal ties with China rather than the island of Taiwan, which

  • China sees as a breakaway province to be reunified with the mainland one day.

  • The policy of acknowledging China's position on this issue is not only a key cornerstone

  • of Sino-US relations; it is also fundamental bedrock of Chinese policy-making and diplomacy.

  • While the U.S. does not recognize Taiwan as an independent nation, it sold the island

  • $12 billion worth of arms since the 1970s as part of an agreement that commits Washington

  • to helping Taiwan defend itself.

  • Although Taiwan's government claims it is an independent country officially called the

  • "Republic of China", any country that wants diplomatic relations with Mainland China must

  • break official ties with Taipei.

  • It has resulted in Taiwan's diplomatic isolation from the international community.

  • So basically, China feels there is a "one country, two systems" structure in place at

  • the moment and that Taiwan will eventually be folded back into China entirely, while

  • Taiwan maintains it should have its own government and become its own country.

  • Donald Trump spoke to Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wen, few days back.

  • The call between Trump and Tsai, is the first publicly reported direct contact between a

  • United States President or President-elect and Taiwan's leader in 40 years.

  • With this he not only broke decades of U.S. protocol, he also opened the door to potential

  • trouble with Chinawhich has long refused to recognize the controversial island as a

  • separate nation.

  • Further Trump set off a diplomatic firestorm when he told Fox News, “I fully understand

  • the One-China policy, but I don’t know why we have to be bound by a ‘one Chinapolicy

  • unless we make a deal with China having to do with other things, including trade.”

  • Taiwanlocated just over 100 miles off China, across the Taiwan Straithas a

  • population of more than 23 million people, and is an economic powerhouse despite its

  • history of political woes.

  • Over the decades Taiwan has turned into a vibrant democracy with freedom of the press

  • and speech, unlike China, which is tightening its grip on dissent.

  • Attitudes towards China are changing in Taiwan.

  • Polls show that over the last two decades, many in Taiwan have come to identify themselves

  • as Taiwanese, instead of Chinese or both Taiwanese and Chinese.

  • There are 2 ways of looking into these developments:

  • 1. Taiwan is democracy and shares values accepted by US.

  • President-elect Donald Trump is genuinely in favor of Taiwan’s stand, and is ready

  • for a long drawn confrontation with China on this.

  • 2. China has been very aggressive in recent times.

  • It has constructed military infrastructure in disputed islands of South China Sea, and

  • has also out rightly rejected the verdict of Hague Tribunal.

  • Trump’s comment seemingly indicates that he is interested in using One China policy

  • as a chip, to correct Chinese behavior by touching China’s raw nerve.

  • The problem with Trump’s bargaining-chip comment is that if Chinese leaders think Trump

  • is not serious about supporting Taiwan because it’s only a chip, then they would know that

  • in the long term they wont have much problem, and will continue to be belligerent.

  • China flew a long-range bomber capable of carrying nuclear weapons over the South China

  • Sea, which is seen as a response to Trump’s comment.

  • Trump’s unpredictability and out of box statement is making matters interesting, even

  • before he has officially got into White House.

  • Let us see how things pan out in coming days.

US President-elect Donald Trump said the United States did not necessarily have to stick to

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    Pedroli Li posted on 2016/12/17
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