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  • The electoral college isn't a college that decides if you get a diploma,

  • but it does decide if you get to be President of the United States.

  • In the United States, citizens over the age of 18 can vote in Presidential elections.

  • This is called the popular vote.

  • But it's the electoral college that actually chooses the president.

  • And you need 270 electoral votes to become president.

  • The founding fathers created the electoral college

  • because they worried states with smaller populations might not get fairly represented.

  • They also didn't think the common man was informed enough to choose a suitable president.

  • So they created the electoral college.

  • Today it has 538 members.

  • That’s one for every member of the House of Representatives and Senate, representing all 50 states.

  • In addition, Washington DC has three electoral college members.

  • To win the presidency, you must win at least 270 electoral votes.

  • And to win electoral votes, for the most part you need to win the popular vote in each state.

  • By winning California’s popular vote and you take home the state’s 55 electoral votes.

  • And if you win the popular vote in Texas and you win that state’s 38 electoral votes.

  • This is called the winner-take-all system.

  • But sometimes, a candidate wins the popular vote nationally but doesn’t amass enough electoral votes.

  • This happened in 2000. Democratic candidate Al Gore won the popular vote nationwide,

  • yet Republican George W. Bush won Florida in a close contest.

  • That was enough to give him the electoral vote victory.

  • Only four times in America’s history has the popular vote been different from the electoral vote.

The electoral college isn't a college that decides if you get a diploma,

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B2 US electoral popular vote electoral college popular college president

What is the U.S. electoral college and how does it work?

  • 1373 76
    Angel Cheng posted on 2016/12/02
Video vocabulary