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  • On Sept. 9th, 2015, Queen Elizabeth the Second surpassed her great-great grandmother Queen

  • Victoria to become the longest running British monarch in history. But although the Queen

  • is quite popular in the United Kingdom, about one in 6 Britons feel the monarchy should

  • be completely abolished. So, why do we still have monarchies?

  • Well, the United Kingdom isn’t the only country to retain a royal family. In fact,

  • there are around 40 nations worldwide with monarchs - with various titles like King,

  • Queen, Sultan and Emir. Many of these countries are leftover British colonies who still acknowledge

  • the authority of Queen Elizabeth the Second.

  • Several are still ruled through absolute monarchies. Nations like Swaziland and Qatar have hereditary

  • rulers who exert full control over legislative, executive and judicial branches of the government.

  • One of the most successful absolute monarchies is in Vatican City, which is governed by the

  • Pope. The rest are primarily in the Middle East and Africa. These nations tend to be

  • plagued by human rights abuses because there aren’t sufficient checks on the monarch’s

  • supreme power.

  • But in most nations with royal families, like Sweden or Japan, monarch power is minimal,

  • and they have few if any official state duties. They retain mostly symbolic power, and exist

  • as the face of the country for ceremonial functions. Known as thehead of state,”

  • they differ from thehead of government,” who would be the actual political leader of

  • the government.

  • In the United Kingdom, one expert summed up the Queen’s duties as, “the right to be

  • consulted, the right to encourage, and the right to warn.” The Queen’s political

  • powers DO include appointing the Prime Minister and declaring War or Peace. However, traditionally,

  • the monarch’s decisions in the UK have aligned with the constitutional government’s. If

  • they ever were to disagree, these laws could change to remove the monarch’s authority.

  • For example, in 2008, the Grand Duke of Luxembourg refused to sign a euthanasia bill into law,

  • although it had been approved by parliament. Luxembourg's parliament then promptly amended

  • the constitution so that bills no longer needed the signature of the Grand Duke.

  • Today, one of the most important royal duties is with philanthropy. Queen Elizabeth the

  • second is said to havedone more for charity than any other monarch in history”, helping

  • to raise more than a billion dollars in aid. Overall, British royalty is said to contribute

  • to more than 3,000 charities worldwide. Royal families also play a role in preserving a

  • nation’s culture and history. The British crown jewels and a number of castles and palaces

  • are owned by the state, but they are used by royalty to keep the UK’s historical traditions

  • alive. Monarchies may be a thing of the past, but royal families are invaluable for cultural

  • preservation, diplomacy, and philanthropy.

  • Some British citizens, however, think that monarchy is outdated. Should Britain still

  • have a king and queen? Learn more in Seeker Daily’s video. Thanks for watching TestTube News! Be sure to like and

  • subscribe to keep up with new videos daily.

On Sept. 9th, 2015, Queen Elizabeth the Second surpassed her great-great grandmother Queen

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