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  • The Kashmir conflict is an ongoing territorial dispute between India and Pakistan. According

  • to Pakistan’s 2010 statement to the UN, it’s the oldest unresolved international

  • conflict still on the UN’s agenda. The conflict is often attributed directly to the region’s

  • backlash against British colonialism. But is that the whole story? What is the Kashmir

  • conflict really about?

  • Well first of all, when we say Kashmir, we mean the region that is currently occupied

  • by both Pakistan and India. Historically, the region has been home to a number of Buddhists,

  • Hindus, Muslims, Sikhs and other cultures, which have been in conflict for hundreds of

  • years.

  • In 1846, Kashmir was claimed by the former British Empire as a princely state in their

  • Indian Empire. The population was predominantly Muslim, but the ruler, set up by the British,

  • was Hindu.

  • This difference in religions caused conflict in Kashmir, especially after World War 2.

  • In 1947, Britain gave its Indian colonies independence, and states around Kashmir joined

  • either Pakistan or India. Because of the Muslim majority in Kashmir, most wanted to join the

  • predominantly Muslim Pakistan. However, Kashmir’s Hindu ruler wished the state to remain neutral.

  • Not long after independence, Pakistan invaded Kashmir. This caused Hari Singh (Harry Sing),

  • Kashmir’s ruler, to ask India for military help. He signed theInstrument of Accession”,

  • which made Kashmir officially a part of India, with some autonomous privileges. From there,

  • India sent in military forces to combat Pakistani fighters, culminating in the first Indo-Pakistani

  • War of 1947, also known as the first Kashmir war.

  • In 1965 and 1971, two more Indo-Pakistani wars broke out with thousands killed. Although

  • territory was originally a key reason for fighting, human rights abuses on both sides

  • became a larger reason for hostilities between both nations. You can hear more aboutWhy

  • India and Pakistan Hate Each Otherin Tara’s video. After several ceasefire agreements,

  • the political boundaries of Pakistan and India are still considereddisputed”, but both

  • nations control about one half of Kashmir.

  • The whole Indian subcontinent is teeming with unique peoples and culture. Check out this

  • amazing story of a small village south of New Delhi that has such a long history of

  • defending itself, it’s become legendary. That’s our brand new show Seeker, by the

  • way! Please check it out and subscribe, Evan & I really appreciate the support! There’s

  • a link in the description if youre on your phone. Thanks for watching TestTube!

The Kashmir conflict is an ongoing territorial dispute between India and Pakistan. According

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