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  • It is widely believed that slavery no longer exists in the world, or that it has been largely eradicated.

  • In fact, it has been reported that there are now more slaves than there have ever been before in history.

  • Modern slavery is largely known as human trafficking, and involves the trade of people for labor, sex, and even their organs.

  • So, just how bad is human trafficking?

  • Most cases are broken down into two main categories: sex trafficking and labor trafficking.

  • Victims of labor trafficking around the world are often forced to work in sweatshops and mines.

  • Younger victims are exploited and forced to beg on the street, and may even be enlisted as child soldiers.

  • Meanwhile, victims of sex trafficking are forced into prostitution and pornography.

  • These victims don't tend to stay in one place for long, and are often moved from city to city.

  • In Bulgaria, a hotbed of human trafficking, the average annual salary is $2,600.

  • However, a forced prostitute can earn more than ten times that amount.

  • Traffickers generally use force, fraud and coercion to keep people enslaved.

  • Many victims are kidnapped from their homes.

  • Once captured, tactics such as rape, physical abuse and food and sleep deprivation are used to control victims.

  • Fraud refers to the trafficker's tactic of luring a victim with promises of legitimate work or a better life.

  • However, once the victim arrives, there is no work to be found.

  • Instead, they are forced into a sweatshop or a brothel.

  • Finally, traffickers threaten violence against captives ' families to keep them in check.

  • It is estimated that approximately 21–36 million people are enslaved around the world.

  • Worse yet, more than a quarter of victims are under 18.

  • And while many believe that human trafficking only occurs in third-world countries, slaves have been found all over the United States.

  • Some are migrant workers, others as domestic employees, and a number are prostitutes.

  • So what is being done to put a stop to human trafficking?

  • In the US, The Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) was the first federal law to address trafficking in the United States.

  • It is intended to both prevent and protect survivors of human trafficking, and prosecute traffickers.

  • While many suggest that slavery has been abolished in the modern world, a look at trafficking statistics shows that it's a much more severe problem than you’d think.

  • Much like the US, Russia has a huge problem with modern day slavery.

  • To learn more about the situation there, watch this video.

  • There’s a link in the description if you want to see the full video.

  • Yes, that means 48 other countries have more slaves per capita than Russia. But it doesn't take away from Russia's enormous problem with forced labor.

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It is widely believed that slavery no longer exists in the world, or that it has been largely eradicated.

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