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  • Let's take a look at the letter T. It can be silent, like in the word 'fasten', it can

  • be pronounced CH, ch, as in the word 'future'. It can be pronounced tt like in the word 'tap'.

  • When paired with the H, it can be th, the unvoiced TH, as in the word 'thanks'. Or it

  • can be th, the voiced TH, as in the word 'this'. The letter T can actually represent various

  • sounds. This is why the International Phonetic Alphabet makes it easier to study the pronunciation

  • of foreign languages. This video focuses on consonants.

  • What is the International Phonetic Alphabet? It's a system of phonetic notation, and I

  • use it a lot on my website and when I teach students. I've also used it a lot when I've

  • studied foreign languages. The IPA is especially handy when studying English because English

  • is not a phonetic language. This means when you see a letter or a group of letters, it

  • will not necessarily be pronounced the same in each word in which it occurs, just as in

  • the example at the beginning of this video.

  • The IPA has a written symbol for each phonetic sound. So, this makes it easier to read about

  • and write about pronunciation. As a student of pronunciation, it's important that you

  • become familiar with the symbols that represent the sounds of American English.

  • Dd, say that with me, dd. This sound is in dime, redo, smiled.

  • Tt, say that with me, tt. This sound is in washed, untie, tip.

  • Vv. This sound is in value, of, love.

  • Ff. This sound is in staff, enough, phone.

  • Bb, bb. This sound is in big, sob, abandon.

  • Pp, pp. This sound is in pan, ship, reapply.

  • Gg, gg. This sound is gap, exhibit, fog.

  • Kk, kk. This sound is in choir, quiet, back.

  • Th, th. This sound is in thanks, filthy, with.

  • Th, th. This sound is in bother, this, bathe.

  • Ss, ss. This sound is in ice, some, ax.

  • Zz, zz. This sound is in lazy, flowers, possess.

  • Sh, sh. This sound is in polish, ocean, issue.

  • Zh, zh. This sound is in beige, vision, azure.

  • Ch, ch. This sound is in chase, march, chapter.

  • Jj, jj. This sound is in joy, grudge, change.

  • Hh, hh. This sound is in happy, rehash, hi.

  • Rr, rr. This sound is in wrong, operate, ear.

  • Yy, yy. This sound is in yummy, yes. And it often occurs in the EW as in FEW diphthong

  • in words like music.

  • Mm, mm. This sound occurs in words like my, mumble, some.

  • Nn, nn. This sound occurs in the words nine, no, undo.

  • Ng, ng. This sound occurs in the words ring, thanks, anger.

  • Ll, ll. This sound occurs in the words follow, lie, feel.

  • Ww, ww. This sound occurs in the word quiet, will, one.

  • Great. Familiarizing yourself with these symbols should make it easier to study pronunciation.

  • That's it, and thanks so much for using Rachel's English.

Let's take a look at the letter T. It can be silent, like in the word 'fasten', it can

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