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  • On November 7th, 2015 the leaders of China and Taiwan came together in the first head

  • of state meeting since the 1949 Communist Revolution. Their complicated split has caused

  • an endless series of problems, the most serious of which is the threat of China annexing Taiwan

  • as its own. So we wanted to know, what would happen if China and Taiwan went to war?

  • Well, it’s important to understand why China is set on reunifying with Taiwan. The 1949

  • Revolution forced the standing Chinese government to retreat onto the island of Taiwan, while

  • communist forces took over mainland China, establishing the present day People’s Republic

  • of China. Meanwhile, the retreated government in Taiwan maintained that THEY were still

  • the legitimate government of China.

  • Today, the primary question surrounding Taiwan's future is whether it will establish itself

  • as an independent cultural and political identity from China, or if mainland China will forcefully

  • reunify Taiwan into the People’s Republic. This emphasis on reunification is even in

  • China’s constitution. It states that Taiwan is part of China, and that all Chinese people

  • have a duty to reunify the two. On the other hand, Taiwan’s constitution prohibits changing

  • the country’s borders without legislative support and a public referendum. Tensions

  • were flared most recently in 2005, when China passed ananti-secession lawpromising

  • to usenon-peaceful meansto ensure that Taiwan not seek independence.

  • So what would happen if China decided to use thosenon-peaceful meansto force occupy

  • Taiwan and, in their eyes, “reclaim it”? Well, in terms of pure military alone, to

  • say it is no contest would be an understatement. Taiwan’s military ranks about 15th worldwide,

  • on par with Canada. But China has the third most powerful military in the world, with

  • nearly 5 million active troops compared to Taiwan’s roughly 3 million. Moreover, China

  • blows Taiwan away in their total number of military equipment like ships, planes and

  • tanks. Perhaps China’s biggest advantage is financial, as they spend about 15 times

  • as much as Taiwan on defense, roughly 145 billion dollars a year.

  • But despite China’s military superiority, Taiwan may have a secret weapon: the United

  • States. Now, it is important to note that technically, the US does not support Taiwanese

  • independence. But they also oppose further Chinese aggression in the region. When the

  • United States switched allegiances in 1979, from recognizing Taiwan as the legitimate

  • China to recognizing mainland China, they formed a diplomatic agreement with Taiwan.

  • In the Taiwan Relations Act, the US effectively promises to provide military equipment to

  • protect Taiwan, and to date, the US is Taiwan’s largest arms supplier. During Barack Obama’s

  • term, the US sold Taiwan nearly 20 billion dollars worth of weapons. While there is no

  • DIRECT mutual defense treaty with Taiwan, it would not be uncharacteristic for the US

  • to help Taiwan in the face of unwarranted aggression.

  • Luckily, as evidenced by the recent head of state meeting, relations between Taiwan and

  • China have been improving. Cooperation in transportation, communication, and commerce

  • have brought them closer together, making it considerably less likely that China launches

  • an invasion. With the uncertainty of American involvement, it would be a risky move.

  • If you want a more in-depth look at the full history behind why Taiwan and China hate each

  • other, check out our video. Thanks for checking out TestTube News! If you haven’t subscribed

  • to our channel yet, make sure to do so below so you don’t miss out on our new videos.

On November 7th, 2015 the leaders of China and Taiwan came together in the first head

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What if China and Taiwan Went To War?

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    richardwang posted on 2015/11/10
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