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  • A recent report from the African Union has detailed forced cannibalism and gang rape

  • in the South Sudanese Civil War. Reportedly, tens of thousands of people have been killed

  • in this conflict alone. But it is only one of roughly twenty-five active African conflicts.

  • So we wanted to know, what are the biggest ongoing wars in Africa?

  • Well, the largest source of casualties in recent years has been the Boko Haram insurgency.

  • They are an Islamic extremist terrorist group, which has killed an estimated 15 to 20,000

  • people since 2009. They started in Nigeria, but spread to Chad, Cameroon, and Niger. The

  • source of the conflict was Boko Haram’s belief that Nigeria’s government was non-Islamic

  • and Western leaning. It has been described as a version of ISIS in Africa, a group Boko

  • Haram already has close ties with. They achieved worldwide notoriety after kidnapping 300 schoolgirls

  • in 2014. But theyve also targeted Christians and Westerners, and set off countless bomb

  • attacks. In 2015 they lost considerable territory and control, pushed back by a regional coalition

  • of neighboring countries. Thankfully, Boko Haram appears to be near defeat.

  • The next largest conflict is the Somali Civil War, which has been ongoing since 1991. In

  • total, theyve seen up to half a million casualties as multiple warlords battled for

  • control of the country. Until 2012, there was no permanent, central government, and

  • even today, the country is massively unstable. The lack of government led to Somalia acting

  • as a home base for a number of terrorist groups, including Al-Qaeda (al-KY-duh) affiliates.

  • There has also been a rampant increase in piracy. Drought and famine, coupled with wartime

  • anarchy, have been responsible for many deaths in the region.

  • Another region of ongoing conflict is Darfur in Sudan. Since 2003, anti-government rebel

  • groups attempted a coup d’etat, ostensibly to protect the country’s non-Arab minority.

  • In response, the Sudanese government initiated a genocide against its non-Arabic residents.

  • The UN has estimated the conflict has caused up to 300,000 deaths, and nearly 3 million

  • displaced people, half of them, children. Subsequent ceasefire attempts have allegedly

  • been breached by the Sudanese army.

  • In Libya, a number of rival militant groups have been fighting for control of the country

  • in the Second Libyan Civil War. This is following a power vacuum caused by the death of Libya’s

  • dictator, Muammar Gaddafi, in 2011. The current groups attempting to gain power include an

  • internationally recognized, elected government, called the Tobruk (toe-BROOK) government.

  • There is also an Islamist group, called theShura Council of Benghazi Revolutionaries”,

  • which is aligned with the Muslim Brotherhood. Also in the mix is ISIS, which controls a

  • small amount of territory in the north. And finally there are a number of competing rebel

  • groups. This war has contributed to more than 4,000 deaths in the past two years alone.

  • Similar conflicts and insurgencies are still ongoing in Egypt, the Central African Republic,

  • the Congo, Ethiopia, Algeria, Tunisia, Burundi, and Mali. A number of regional communal clashes,

  • as well as politically, religiously, and ethnically based wars have kept much of Africa extremely

  • unstable.

  • These wars run contrary to the mission of the African Union, which aims for unity among

  • African nations. How important is the African Union? You can learn more in this video. Thanks

  • for watching TestTube News! Don’t forget to like and subscribe so you can watch new

  • videos everyday.

A recent report from the African Union has detailed forced cannibalism and gang rape

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