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  • Now, since this is TEDGlobal,

  • who can tell me what this is called in French?

  • I see you're all up on the history of hurdy-gurdy --

  • "vielle à roue."

  • And in Spanish, "zanfona."

  • And in Italian, "ghironda," okay?

  • Hurdy-gurdy, or wheel fiddle.

  • So, these are the different kinds and shapes of the hurdy-gurdy.

  • The hurdy-gurdy is the only musical instrument

  • that uses a crank to turn a wheel

  • to rub strings, like the bow of a violin,

  • to produce music.

  • It has three different kinds of strings.

  • The first string is the drone string,

  • which plays a continuous sound like the bagpipe.

  • The second string is a melody string,

  • which is played with a wooden keyboard tuned like a piano.

  • And the third string is pretty innovative.

  • It's also the only instrument

  • that uses this kind of technique.

  • It activates what's called the buzzing bridge, or the dog.

  • When I turn the crank and I apply pressure,

  • it makes a sound like a barking dog.

  • So all of this is pretty innovative,

  • if you consider

  • that the hurdy-gurdy appeared about a thousand years ago

  • and it took two people to play it;

  • one to turn the crank,

  • and another person -- yes -- to play the melody

  • by physically pulling up large wooden pegs.

  • Luckily, all of this changed a couple of centuries later.

  • So, one person could actually play

  • and almost -- this is pretty heavy --

  • carry the hurdy-gurdy.

  • The hurdy-gurdy has been used, historically, through the centuries

  • in mostly dance music

  • because of the uniqueness of the melody

  • combined with the acoustic boombox here.

  • And today, the hurdy-gurdy is used in all sorts of music --

  • traditional folk music,

  • dance, contemporary

  • and world music --

  • in the U.K., in France, in Spain

  • and in Italy.

  • And this kind of hurdy-gurdy takes anywhere from three to five years [to order and receive it].

  • It's made by specialized luthiers,

  • also in Europe.

  • And it's very difficult to tune.

  • So without further ado, would you like to hear it?

  • (Audience: Yes.)

  • Caroline Phillips: I didn't hear you. Would you like to hear it? (Audience: Yes!)

  • CP: Okay.

  • There I go.

  • I'd like to sing in Basque,

  • which is the language spoken in the Basque Country where I live,

  • in the region in France and Spain.

  • (Music)

  • [Basque]

  • (Music)

  • Thank you.

  • (Applause)

  • This is a song that I wrote

  • based on traditional Basque rhythms.

  • And this is a song that has a kind of a Celtic feel.

  • (Music)

  • Thank you. Thank you.

  • (Applause)

Now, since this is TEDGlobal,

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B1 TED basque string music crank melody

【TED】Caroline Phillips: Hurdy-gurdy for beginners (Caroline Phillips: Hurdy-gurdy for beginners)

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    Leafmoon posted on 2015/10/08
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