Placeholder Image

Subtitles section Play video

  • Me, myself, and I.

  • You may be tempted to use these words interchangeably

  • because they all refer to the same thing,

  • but in fact, each one has a specific role in a sentence.

  • "I" is a subject pronoun,

  • "me" is an object pronoun,

  • and "myself" is a reflexive or intensive pronoun.

  • So what does that reveal about where each word belongs?

  • Let's start with the difference between subject and object.

  • Imagine the subject as the actor in a sentence

  • and the object as the word that is acted upon.

  • "I invited her but she invited me."

  • The object can also be the object of a preposition.

  • "She danced around me, while he shimmied up to me."

  • In some languages, like Latin and Russian,

  • most nouns have different forms that distinguish subjects from objects.

  • However, in English, that's only true of pronouns.

  • But so long as you know how to distinguish subjects from objects,

  • you can figure out what belongs where.

  • And when you encounter a more complicated sentence,

  • say one that involves multiple subjects or objects,

  • and you're not sure whether to use "I" or "me,"

  • just temporarily eliminate the other person,

  • and once again distinguish subject from object.

  • Here's another.

  • You wouldn't say, "Me heard gossip," but sub in "I" and you're good to go.

  • Then what about "myself?"

  • This grand character is often substituted for "me" and "I"

  • because it seems more impressive.

  • "Please tell Jack or myself" may sound elegant,

  • but in fact, "me" is the right pronoun here.

  • So where should you use "myself"?

  • In its function as a reflexive pronoun,

  • "myself" only works if it's the object of a sentence

  • whose subject is "I."

  • "I consider myself the most important pronoun at this year's party."

  • "Myself" can also add emphasis as an intensive pronoun.

  • "I, myself, have heard others agree."

  • The sentence works without it,

  • but that extra pronoun gives it oomph.

  • To check if "myself" belongs in a sentence,

  • simply ensure that there's also an "I" that it's reflecting or intensifying.

  • So that's "me," "myself," and "I,"

  • ever ready to represent you, yourself, and you.

Me, myself, and I.

Subtitles and vocabulary

Operation of videos Adjust the video here to display the subtitles

A2 TED-Ed pronoun object sentence subject distinguish

【TED-Ed】When to use "me", "myself" and "I" - Emma Bryce

  • 3790 257
    SylviaQQ posted on 2015/09/17
Video vocabulary