B1 Intermediate UK 6787 Folder Collection
After playing the video, you can click or select the word to look it up in the dictionary.
Report Subtitle Errors
Three reasons why we should stop using nuclear energy.
One: nuclear weapons proliferation.
Nuclear technology made a violent entrance onto the world stage:
just one year after the world’s first ever nuclear test explosion in 1944,
two large cities were destroyed by just two single bombs.
After that, reactor technology slowly evolved
as a means of generating electricity,
but it’s always been intimately connected with nuclear weapons technology.
It’s nearly impossible to develop nuclear weapons
without access to reactor technology.
In fact, the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty serves the purpose of
spreading nuclear reactor technology without spreading nuclear weapons
with limited success.
In 40 years, five countries have developed their own weapons
with the help of reactor technology.
The fact of the matter is that it can be very hard to distinguish
a covert nuclear weapons program from the peaceful use of nuclear energy.
In the 1970s, the big nuclear powers were happily selling peaceful technology
to smaller countries, which then developed weapons of their own.
The road to deadly nuclear weapons is always paved with peaceful reactors.
Two: nuclear waste and pollution.
Spent nuclear fuel is not only radioactive, but also contains
extremely poisonous chemical elements like plutonium.
It loses its harmfulness only slowly over several tens of thousands of years.
And there is also a process called reprocessing, which means
the extraction of plutonium from spent nuclear fuel.
It can be used for two purposes:
to build nuclear weapons or to use it as new fuel.
But hardly any of it is used as fuel, because we don’t have
the right kind of reactors for that.
A milligram will kill you; a few kilograms make an atomic bomb; and even
an inconspicuous country like Germany literally has tons of the stuff
just lying around, because reprocessing sounded like a good idea decades ago.
And where will all the waste go?
After dumping it into the ocean was forbidden, we’ve tried to bury it—
but we can’t find a place where it will definitely stay secure
for tens of thousands of years.
Over 30 countries operate nearly 400 reactors, managing
several hundred thousands of tons of nuclear waste
and only one is currently serious about opening
a permanent civilian waste storage: tiny Finland.
Three: accidents and disasters.
Over 60 years of nuclear power usage, there have been seven major accidents
in reactors or facilities dealing with nuclear waste.
Three of those were mostly contained, but four of them released significant
amounts of radioactivity into the environment.
In 1957, 1987, and 2011, large areas of land in Russia, Ukraine, and Japan
were rendered unfit for human habitation for decades to come.
The number of deaths is highly disputed, but probably lies in the thousands.
These disasters happened with nuclear reactors of very different types,
in very different countries, and several decades apart.
Looking at the numbers, we may as well ask ourselves,
“Are 10% of the world’s energy supply
worth a devastating disaster every 30 years?
Would 30% be worth another Fukushima or Chernobyl
somewhere on Earth every 10 years?
What area would have to be contaminated so we say ‘no more’?
Where is the line?”
So, should we use nuclear energy?
The risks may outweigh the benefits, and maybe we should
stop looking into this direction and drop this technology for good.
If you want to hear the other side of the argument
or a short introduction to nuclear energy, click here.
Our channel has a new sponsor: Audible.com.
If you use the URL ,
you can get a free audiobook and support our channel.
Producing our videos takes a lot of time,
and we fill a lot of it by listening to audiobooks.
For a really entertaining book, we recommend
“Into Thin Air” by Jon Krakauer.
He’s a great writer, and the story is really absorbing and true.
Go to to get the book for free.
Thanks a lot to Audible for supporting our channel
and to you for watching!
Subtitles by the Amara.org community
    You must  Log in  to get the function.
Tip: Click on the article or the word in the subtitle to get translation quickly!


3 Reasons Why Nuclear Energy Is Terrible! 2/3

6787 Folder Collection
Evan published on May 30, 2015
More Recommended Videos
  1. 1. Search word

    Select word on the caption to look it up in the dictionary!

  2. 2. Repeat single sentence

    Repeat the same sentence to enhance listening ability

  3. 3. Shortcut


  4. 4. Close caption

    Close the English caption

  5. 5. Embed

    Embed the video to your blog

  6. 6. Unfold

    Hide right panel

  1. Listening Quiz

    Listening Quiz!

  1. Click to open your notebook

  1. UrbanDictionary 俚語字典整合查詢。一般字典查詢不到你滿意的解譯,不妨使用「俚語字典」,或許會讓你有滿意的答案喔