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  • Hi again, I'm Adam. Welcome back to Today's lesson is pronunciation again. We

  • want to look at the way words that end in "ed" sound. Okay? A lot of the people ask

  • me how do different words sound because sometimes they can't understand the "ed" ending; they

  • don't hear it. Okay? That is because "ed" ending words end in three different sounds:

  • the "d", "de"; the "t", "te"; the "id", "id". Okay?

  • Now, how do you know when to use which? It all basically works on the last sound before

  • the "ed". If you go through the whole alphabet, you can put every word into one of these categories.

  • Let's start with a short one: "id". When a word ends in "t" and you want to add the "ed"

  • to it or when a word ends in "d" and you want to add an "ed" ending to it, it's always going

  • to sound like "id", "tid", "did", "wanted", "founded". Why? Because "t" and "d" are too

  • close to that last sound of "d", so we need an extra little sound, an extra little syllable

  • almost to separate the two sounds. "Wanted", "founded", "found", "founded". Okay? So those

  • are those two.

  • Next, we'll go to the "t" sound. When a... The last letter, when a word ends in a "s"

  • sound, the last letter is an "s" or an "x" in this case, then this... The "d" sounds

  • like a "t". Again, hard to switch the tongue in time to get the "d" sound, we get the "t":

  • "fixed", "kicked', "dropped", "sniffed". Okay? "Fixed", "kicked", "dropped", "sniffed". "s",

  • "k", "p", "f" ending sounds go with a "t" ending for the "ed".

  • Most of the other sounds come into the "d" sound. "Managed", "fired", "halved", "jogged",

  • "filled", "doomed", "fined". "j" or "g", soft "g", "r", "v", "g" - oh, that's the hard "g",

  • that's a soft "g" - "l", "m", "n". All of these words that end... Words that end in

  • these sounds, add the "ed", sounds like a "d". "Managed", "fired", "halved", "jogged",

  • "filled", "doomed", "fined".

  • Let's go over the whole list again. "Managed", "fixed", "wanted", "founded", "kicked", "fired",

  • "halved", "dropped", "sniffed", "jogged", "filled", "doomed", "fined". Okay?

  • That's all there is to it. Practice these. Any word that you get that you... That has

  • an "ed" ending, you're not sure how to pronounce it: which category is it in? What is the last

  • letter or the last sound before the "ed"? Find out which category it's in, that's your

  • ending sound. Okay?

  • If you have any questions, please go to We have a comment section, you can ask any

  • question you like; I'll be happy to answer them. See you again.

Hi again, I'm Adam. Welcome back to Today's lesson is pronunciation again. We

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A1 US ed sound id fined founded doomed

How to say -ed endings in English

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    Sam posted on 2015/03/19
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