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Hi again. I'm Adam. Welcome back to www.engvid.com. Today's lesson, again, everybody's favourite,
phrasal verbs. We're going to look at phrasal verbs with "look". Again, what is a phrasal
verb? It's a verb with a preposition combination to get usually very different meanings. Now,
if you're thinking: "Oh my god. Too many of these phrasal verbs. You're doing too many
of these lessons", things are starting to look up. I'm getting near the end. There's
a limit to how many of these I can do, so don't worry; things are looking up. Okay.
Let's start with "up". "Look up". A few meanings. There's the literal meaning, look up. Look
up at the sky; look up, see that plane flying. No problem. You can also "look up". If any
of these words give you difficulty and you're not sure what I'm saying or you didn't catch
what I'm saying, look them up in the dictionary or look them up online. Go to Google or go
to wherever you go, the dictionary, punch in the word, and you will get the meaning
of this word.
Now, what I said before: "Things are looking up." If something is starting to look up,
it means it's starting to be more positive. It's starting to look better. Okay? You can
be a bit happier about what's coming. So you can look up to the situation changing, or
the situation is changing.
"Look up to". This is a little bit different. "Look up to" means... Because of the "to",
you're getting a bit of a direction of somewhere. Right? So you're looking up to someone.
If you look up to someone, means you use them as a role model. They're somebody you want
to be like. Okay? So I'll put here just so you get that word. "Role model". So, usually,
when you're young as a child, you look up to your parents. You think: "Oh my god. My
parents are amazing. I want to be like them." When you get older, we'll leave that to you.
"Look down". Now, I'm not saying you're going to look down on your parents, but when you
look down on somebody, you're putting them beneath you. Okay? You're making them a little
bit inferior. The opposite of inferior - superior. Okay? But if somebody is inferior and if you
look down on somebody, means you think they are less than you. They're not as good at
their job, they're not as good of a baseball player or whatever sport. They're... You're
a better student than they are, so you look down on them. You're thinking: "Not so good."
Of course, "look down" by itself is just look down on the ground.
"Look over". Okay? Now, if there's a fence here between my house and my neighbour's house,
I could look over the fence and see what's going on. But "look over" can also mean just
check. Okay? So, for example, I wrote an essay, and before I hand it in to my teacher, I want
to give it to my friend to look over the essay and make sure there's no mistakes, make sure
I didn't say anything wrong or make any spelling mistakes. I just want him or her to check
it. I want him to look it over and check it.
"Look in on". Okay? "Look in on" means just keep an eye out for somebody, or a little
bit take care of somebody. Right? So, for example, I'm going away on vacation next week.
I ask my neighbour to look in on my plants. All he has to come in, open the door, check
they're still alive, okay. We'll talk about "look after", it's a little bit similar...
You know what? I'll talk about "look after" now. If I have a dog, I can't ask my neighbour
to "look in" on my dog. I need more than that. I need my neighbour to "look after" my dog.
"Look after" means take care of. Okay?
"Look through" is also a little bit similar to "look over", but a little bit more detailed.
"Look through" is inspect, look for detailed things. So I want you to look through my essay,
and find this or that particular thing. "Look over", very quickly skim it; look for any
problems. "Look through", I want you to go in detail and find everything. Now,
"look through" can also be a physical action. For example, the police, if they're trying to
find a criminal, they will go... If they have a suspect, they will go to his or her house,
they will look through their garbage to find any clothes. So, "look through" means inspect,
look for something specific. Okay. So, "look after", take care.
"Look into". "Look into" means investigate. So there's a problem at my office, we're not...
Our sales are not very high; we're losing money somewhere. I'm going to "look into"
the problem. I'm going to find out what's going on. Okay? So, "look into", investigate.
"Look out". "Look out!" Be careful. Right? Pay attention. Something's coming. I throw
a baseball, I say: "Oh, look out!" because the baseball is about to hit you in the head.
So be careful, be aware.
"Look out for" means pay attention to. So, you will meet my friend... I will meet my
friend on the corner, but I want you to look out for him or her, in case you see them and
I don't. Okay? "Look out for", just pay attention to. Be ready for something to happen. Expect
something to happen.
Last: "Look around". So, of course, there's "look around", the physical one where you're
actually moving your eyes around the place. But if you go into a store, the sales clerk
comes up to you and you're going into a clothing store, for example, the sales clerk comes
up to you and says: "Can I help you with anything?" You say: "No, no. I'm just looking around."
"Just looking around" basically means browse. I'm not sure if you know this word either.
"Browse" means you're going to just look and see what's available, what's on sale, if there's
anything nice. You're not really looking to buy anything, but if you find something nice,
you'll buy it. So you're just looking around. Just browsing. Okay?
Very simple phrasal verbs, I think. Very useful phrasal verbs. These are used every day in
all kinds of situations. Learn them, practice them. You can go to www.engvid.com. There's
a quiz there that you can practice these with. And, of course, ask any questions that you
have on the comments page. Come back again to www.engvid.com.
Don't forget to subscribe to my YouTube channel. Have a nice day.
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LOOK at these PHRASAL VERBS with "look"

9236 Folder Collection
Chris published on February 2, 2015
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