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  • Peekaboo. How are you? My name is Ronnie. I'm going to teach you some English. Imagine

  • that I would teach you English on EngVid, Today's lesson is good versus

  • bad with nouns.

  • I hear this mistake a lot, almost every day. So I want to help you. I want you to sound

  • as natural as possible when you speak English.

  • So maybe you have already learned that we have uncountable and countable nouns. Now,

  • what this means -- if you haven't learned this before -- is that if a noun is uncountable,

  • we do not put an S at the end of the noun. So things that are really teeny tiny small

  • like rice or sugar or salt are uncountable. Things that are liquid -- for example beer

  • or water -- are uncountable. So all liquids and tiny things are uncountable. Also, gases

  • are uncountable. That wasn't me.

  • So I could go on with a massive list of uncountable nouns, but you can do that yourself. Then,

  • we have countable. Countable, obviously, you can stick an S on the end of the noun. So

  • most things are countable. For example, dogs, hamburgers, cats, markers, eyes, hair -- hair

  • is uncountable because there are so many tiny little hairs on one heads.

  • So this is the rule that you have learned. If your noun is uncountable, you have to say

  • "too much". So maybe you have come up with a sentence that says, "I have too much sugar."

  • Good. Okay. So you know that sugar is uncountable, and you have used a very good English sentence.

  • You used, "I have too much sugar." Good.

  • And then, your teacher says, "Okay. Make a countable noun sentence." Okay. "I have too

  • many pens." I have a lot of pens. "I have too many pens." Very, very good grammatical

  • sentences. But there's a problem. Bad nouns. Bad, bad, bad nouns. Bad nouns, what I mean

  • is when we use "too much" or "too many", your noun has to be something that you do not like

  • okay? For example, maybe you go to school and your teacher gives you homework. Do you

  • think homework is a bad noun or a good noun? What's your opinion of homework? I hate homework.

  • I hate it. It's boring. I hate it. I hate it. So in my opinion, homework is a bad noun.

  • So I'm going to say, "I have too much homework." Because homework is a negative or a bad thing,

  • I can say, "Oh, God. I have too much homework tonight." Okay? "Too much" and "too many"

  • are always going to be for negative or bad things that you don't like.

  • So "too many" -- maybe you go to the movie, and it's really, really crowded. You can say,

  • "There are too many people." Now, maybe you like people. Maybe you don't like people.

  • But in this situation, having a lot of people is bad. So once again, it is your opinion.

  • "Too much" and "too many" are always for things that you do not like personally or you think

  • are bad at the moment. For example, "There are too many calories in seven cookies." I

  • like cookies. Who doesn't like cookies? I love cookies. But calories, they're bad. So

  • I can say, "There are too many calories." Okay? "There is too much rain in the rainy

  • season or in spring." There's too much rain. I don't want any more rain. Okay?

  • Now, in the reverse, we have the beautiful, lovely, happy good things. The beautiful,

  • lovely, good things are my good nouns. Good nouns, as you might have guessed, are things

  • that you like. For example, beer. You will never, ever, ever, open your fridge and go,

  • "Oh, no. I've got too many beers. I've got too much beer." This will never happen. You

  • will never go to the bank machine and go, "Look at that. I've got too much money." Never

  • happens. So when it's a positive thing, what you're going to say is "a lot of". For example,

  • "I have a lot of friends." Friends are usually good things. Or if you're lucky, you might

  • say, "I have a lot of money." If you have a lot of money, Ronnie would like some money.

  • Donate money. Money, money, money. Okay? "I have a lot of money." "I have a lot of beer."

  • Yes. "I have a lot of friends."

  • The cool thing about "a lot of" is that it can be used for both countable and uncountable.

  • It's very, very natural in English that we say "a lot of" as opposed to "too much" or

  • "many". All the time.

  • So what I want you to do is I want you to get a lot of happiness in your life. I don't

  • want you to have too much homework. I don't want you to have too many bad people in your

  • life. And I want you to enjoy learning English. Until then, goodbye.

Peekaboo. How are you? My name is Ronnie. I'm going to teach you some English. Imagine

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A2 US uncountable noun countable homework bad lot

Basic English Grammar - TOO MUCH, TOO MANY, A LOT OF

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    稲葉白兎 posted on 2015/05/25
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