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  • A page can be divided into frames using a special frame document. In this document the

  • <frameset> element replaces the <body> tag and contains only frame information.

  • The element requires either the cols or rows attribute to specify the number of frames

  • and their sizes. Both attributes accept a comma-separated list where the size is given

  • in either pixels, percentage, or remaining space which is indicated by an asterisk. The

  • remaining space can also be divided up among multiple frames in any proportion.

  • Also, we can change the color, size, and display of the borders.

  • Bordercolor sets the color of the border and both the border and framespacing attributes

  • changes the size of the border. Frameborder can be used to hide the borders

  • or we can remove them completely by setting the border size to zero. By default the border

  • is 6 pixels wide.

  • Within the <frameset> we add a number of <frame> elements equal to how many we specified using

  • the cols or rows attribute. The source attribute (src) which gives the location of each document

  • needs to be included. The frames are added from left to right and top to bottom.

  • For each frame we can control the scrollbars, resizing, and border display.

  • By default, the scrollbars are displayed whenever they are needed. We can also use the scrolling

  • attribute to force the scrollbars to be shown or not shown.

  • The noresize attribute will prevent us from dragging the border in the browser to resize

  • it. And the frameborder attribute lets us hide

  • the border for this individual frame.

  • Before we can link to a frame it needs to be given a name. Once named we can then target

  • the frame using the target attribute for the hyperlink. This attribute can also be applied

  • to the <base> tag in order to set a default target.

  • In addition to the frame name there are four other targets that have special meanings.

  • "_blank loads" the document in a new window. "_self loads" it in the current frame.

  • "_parent" loads it into the immediate <frameset> parent of the current frame and thereby removes

  • a <frameset> if there is any. And finally, "_top" removes all frames and loads the link

  • into the full window.

  • Lastly, the <noframes> element provides a way for older browser not supporting frames

  • to be able to view the page. It can contain an alternative page, complete with the <body>

  • tag and any other elements.

A page can be divided into frames using a special frame document. In this document the

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B1 frame attribute border document default tag

HTML Tutorial - 15 - Frames

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    Pan-Shy Gang posted on 2015/01/26
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